The area shown in read is the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti) or Turkish Cypriot State (Turkish: Kıbrıs Türk Devleti) is a break-awayde facto state in the northern third of the island of Cyprus. More than two hundred thousand people live in its 3,335 km². Turkey is the only country which recognizes the territory as an independent republic.
The present situation came about because Cyprus, historically Greek, was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914, though de facto the British administered it from 1878 until 1960. Likewise, Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success.
In 1974 some of the Greek Army supported a revolution to make Cyprus a part of Greece. Turkey said that a treaty meant Turkey, Greece and the United Kingdom had to help make sure Cyprus stayed independent. Turkish soldiers went to Cyprus, and have stayed. The Turkish people who live in Northern Cyprus said that they did not want to be a part of the Republic of Cyprus anymore, and formed the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.