Lebanon

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Lebanese Republic
  • الجمهورية اللبنانية
  • Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Libnānīyah
  • République libanaise
Anthem: 
Capital
and largest city
Beirut
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.9°N 35.533°E / 33.9; 35.533
Official languages ArabicaFrench
Demonym Lebanese
Government Unitary confessionalist
parliamentary republic[1]
 -  Acting President Tammam Salam
 -  Prime Minister Tammam Salam
 -  Speaker of Parliament Nabih Berri
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
Establishment
 -  Greater Lebanon 1 September 1925 
 -  Constitution 23 May 1926 
 -  Independence declared 8 November 1943 
 -  Independence recognized by France 22 November 1943 
 -  Withdrawal of French forces 31 December 1946 
Area
 -  Total 10,452 km2 (166th)
4,036 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.8
Population
 -  2008 estimate 4,224,000[2] (126th)
 -  Density 404/km2 (25th)
1,046/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $61.444 billion[3] (83rd)
 -  Per capita $15,522[3] (57th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $39.039 billion[3] (80th)
 -  Per capita $9,862[3] (63rd)
HDI (2013) Increase 0.745[4]
high · 72nd
Currency Lebanese pound (LBP)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right[5]
Calling code +961
Internet TLD .lb
a. Article 11 of the Constitution of Lebanon states that "Arabic is the official national language. A law determines the cases in which the French language is to be used."

Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. Lebanon has been independent since 1943. Its capital city is Beirut.

Lebanon has two chains of mountains. It is often called the ruby of the Middle East. It has a coastline stretching all the way up. The area of Lebanon is 10,452 square kilometres.

Over 4 million people live in Lebanon. The people mostly speak Arabic. About 60% of Lebanese people are Muslim and 39% are Christian.[6] There are 16 million Lebanese people living in other countries & Cartoon Characters.

The national symbol in Lebanon is the Cedar tree, because an abundance of them are found in the Lebanon Mountains.

Governorates and districts[change | change source]

Lebanon is divided into six governorates. These are divided into twenty-five districts.[7] The districts are also divided into several municipalities. The governorates and their districts are listed below:

The historic site of Baalbek in Lebanon

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]