|Republic of Tajikistan
|Anthem: Surudi Milli
National anthem of Tajikistan
and largest city
|Official languages||Tajik (Persian) (state)|
|Recognised regional languages||Russian (inter-ethnic communication)|
|Ethnic groups (2000)||Tajik 79.9%
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|-||Prime Minister||Oqil Oqilov|
|Independence (from the Soviet Union)|
|-||Establishment of the Samanid Empire||875 AD|
|-||Declared||September 9, 1991|
|-||Completed||December 25, 1991|
|-||Total||143,100 km2 (102nd)
55,251 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||7,616,000 (98th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2009 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.607
medium · 127th
|Time zone||TJT (UTC+5)|
|Drives on the||right|
|1.||Estimate from State Statistical Committee of Tajikistan, 2008; rank based on UN figures for 2005.|
||This article does not have any sources. (October 2011)|
Geography[change | edit source]
Tajikistan is one of the new countries in the new block South-central Asia. It is west of China, north of Afghanistan and Pakistan, that is separated by a narrow 14 km strip of land in the Pamirs, east of Uzbekistan and south of Kyrgyzstan.
The climate has hot summers and mild winters.
Almost all of the country (85 percent) is mountainous with river-valleys running across, however high altitude mountains of Pomir are in the eastern part of the country, (which is beginnings of Hymalayas in the west). The climate there is semiarid to polar. The mountains cover an area of about 120,000 km². There are other countries within the mountain range. The mountains are between 3600 to 4400m high.
History[change | edit source]
In the year 800, Islam came to Tajikistan.
On 9 September 1991, after long periods of mass protests against Soviet Government, Parliament of Tajikistan declared independence from Soviet Union, and held first presidential elections. Rahmon Nabiev who run the country during Soviet Union in the late 1970s and early 1980s, become president. He was unable to bring any much needed reforms to the country, and so there were protests in the capital city, Dushanbe. The government responded by organising a pro-government demonstration, mainly made of old Communist Party members and people from the southeast of the country brought to the city. Anti-government protests did not stop, so the government gave weapons to the pro-government demonstrator. Then the Opposition armed themselves.
After this bloody civil war broke out. In which all of the new democratic parties, political organisations and movements together with the political Islamic movements created an alliance, opposing the old communist government and southerners.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, many American and French Soldiers came into the country.
Political information[change | edit source]
Tajikistan is also a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the CIS. Tajikistan is number eight in size of the CIS.
Provinces[change | edit source]
Tajikistan is divided into 4 provinces.
|Division||ISO 3166-2||Capital||Area (km²)||Pop (2008)|
|Region of Republican Subordination||TJ-RR||Dushanbe||28,600||1,606,900|
References[change | edit source]
- Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, November 6, 1994, Article 2.
- В Таджикистане русскому языку вернули прежний статус
- "Tajikistan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=923&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=86&pr.y=3. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- "Human Development Report 2009: Tajikistan". The United Nations. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_TJK.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008 (Russian)