Gross domestic product
In economics, the gross domestic product (GDP) is how much a place produces in some amount of time. For nations, the GDP can be calculated by adding up its output inside the borders of that country. To know the GDP of a country, one would need to add up the consumer spending, investment spending, government spending and the value of the exports and subtract the value of the imports.
This measure is often used to find out the health of a country in an economic way. In other words, a country with a high value of GDP can be called a large economy.
There are several different ways to calculate the GDP. While nominal GDP is the total amount of money spent on GDP, real GDP (like real in most economic meaning) tries to correct this number for inflation. For example, if the price level rises by 2% (everything costs 2% more), and the nominal GDP grows by 5%, the real GDP growth is still only 3%. GDP per capita is the total income of a country, divided by its population. It shows how much money people earn on average.