Kyrgyzstan

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Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасы
Anthem: 
Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни
Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni
National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic
Capital
and largest city
Bishkek
42°52′N 74°36′E / 42.867°N 74.6°E / 42.867; 74.6
Official languages[1]
  • Kyrgyz (state)
  • Russian (official)
Ethnic groups
Demonym
  • Kyrgyz
  • Kyrgyzstani[2]
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
 -  President Almazbek Atambayev
 -  Prime Minister Djoomart Otorbaev
Legislature Supreme Council
Independence from the Soviet Union
 -  Kara-Kirghiz AO 14 October 1924 
 -  Kirghiz SSR 5 December 1936 
 -  Independence declared 31 August 1991 
 -  Recognized 25 December 1991 
Area
 -  Total 199,900 km2 (86th)
77,181 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 3.6
Population
 -  2010 estimate 5,550,239 (110th)
 -  2009 census 5,362,800
 -  Density 27.4/km2 (176th)
71/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $13.125 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $2,372[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $5.920 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $1,070[3]
Gini (2003) 30.3
medium
HDI (2013) 0.622[4]
medium · 125th
Currency Som (KGS)
Time zone KGT (UTC+5 to +6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +996
Internet TLD .kg

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан), formally the Kyrgyz Republic, and sometimes known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. The country is landlocked (has no coast) and mountainous. It has borders with China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek. It was a Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union, but became independent in 1991. The country was peaceful in the 1990s. Its president, Askar Akayev showed an autocratic and authoritarian character.

In 2005, there was an unexpected revolution after the elections of parliament (the legislature) in March. President Akayev resigned on April 4 of that year. Opposition leaders formed a coalition (a group from more than one party), and a new government was formed, led by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Prime Minister Feliks Kulov.

At the moment, different political groups are fighting for power in the republic. Three of the 75 elected members of Parliament have been murdered.

Geography[change | change source]

Tian Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It borders Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It is farther from an ocean than any other country in the world. Mountains cover over 80% of the country.)[5]

Issyk-Kul Lake is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan. It is the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca.

Name Kyrgyz name Oblast Population [6] Type
Balykchy Балыкчы Issyk Kul 41,342 city
Batken Баткен Batken 10,987 city
Bishkek Бишкек - 750,327 city
Cholpon-Ata Чолпоната Issyk Kul 8,851 city
Isfana Исфана Batken 16,850 city
Jalal-Abad Жалалабат Jalal-Abad 70,401 city
Kant Кант Chuy 22,075 city
Kara-Balta Карабалта Chuy 47,159 city
Karakol Каракол Issyk Kul 64,322 city
Karaköl Каракөл Jalal-Abad 17,977 city
Kara-Suu Карасуу Osh 19,143 city
Kerben Кербен Jalal-Abad n/a city
Kochkor-Ata Кочкората Jalal-Abad 16,104 city
Kökjanggak Көкжаңгак Jalal-Abad 10,727 city
Kyzyl-Kiya Кызылкыя Batken 31,844 city
Mailuu-Suu Майлуусуу Jalal-Abad 20,365 city
Naryn Нарын Naryn 40,050 city
Nookat Ноокат Osh n/a city
Osh Osh 208,520 city
Shopokov Шопоков Chuy 9,133 city
Sulyukta Сүлүктү Batken 14,145 city
Talas Tалас Talas 32,638 city
Tashkömür Ташкөмүр Jalal-Abad 23,331 city
Tokmok Tокмок Chuy 59,409 city
Uzgen Өзгөн Osh 41,497 city

Economy[change | change source]

Kyrgyzstan was the second poorest country in the former Soviet Union. Now it is the second poorest country in Central Asia.

Agriculture is an important part of the economy in Kyrgyzstan. Much farming is being done by hand and by horse.

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Constitution". Government of Kyrgyzstan. http://eng.gov.kg/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=20&Itemid=47. Retrieved 2009-09-23. "
    Article 5
    1. The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be the Kyrgyz language.
    2. In the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian language shall be used in the capacity of an official language."
  2. Kyrgysztan in the CIA World Factbook.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Kyrgyzstan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=29&pr.y=7&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=917&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
  4. "Human Development Report 2009: Kyrgyzstan". The United Nations. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_KGZ.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  5. Escobar, Pepe. "The Tulip Revolution takes root". Asia Times Online. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Central_Asia/GC26Ag03.html. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
  6. 1999 census results, as taken from the German wikipedia article Liste der Städte in Kirgisistan. Numbers in italics are 2008 estimates, taken from "www.world-gazetteer.com". Archived from the original on 2012-12-04. http://archive.is/flul..