Morocco

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Kingdom of Morocco

  • المملكة المغربية  (language?)
    al-Mamlakat al-Maġribiyah

  • ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ  (Berber)
    Tagldit N Lmaġrib
Motto: 
الله، الوطن، الملك  (Arabic)
Allāh, al-Waṭan, al-Malik
ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ  (Tamazight)
Akuc, Amur, Agllid
"God, Homeland, King"
Anthem: 
النشيد الوطني المغربي  (Arabic)
Cherifian Anthem
Dark red: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco.Lighter striped red: Western Sahara, a non-decolonized territory claimed by Morocco as its Southern Provinces.
Dark red: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco.
Lighter striped red: Western Sahara, a non-decolonized territory claimed by Morocco as its Southern Provinces.
Capital Rabat
34°02′N 6°51′W / 34.033°N 6.85°W / 34.033; -6.85
Largest city Casablanca
Official languages
Native languages[c]
Ethnic groups (2012[2])
Demonym Moroccan
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy[3]
 -  King Mohammed VI
 -  Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house House of Councillors
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence
 -  from France March 2, 1956 
 -  from Spain April 7, 1956 
Area
 -  Total 446,550 km2[f] or 710,850 km2 [f]  (58th or 40th)
172,487 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.056 (250 km2)
Population
 -  2013 estimate 32,878,400 (38th)
 -  Density 73.1/km2 (122nd)
189.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $181.9 billion[4] (56th)
 -  Per capita $5,537[4] (114th)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $107.1 billion[4] (59th)
 -  Per capita $3,260[4] (117th)
Gini (2007) 40.9[5]
medium
HDI (2013) Increase 0.591
medium · 130th
Currency Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code +212
Internet TLD .ma, المغرب.
a. ^  French is also used in official government documents and by the business community, although it has no official status.[2]
b. ^  13.5% fluent, 19.5% partially fluent.[6]
c. ^  See Languages of Morocco.
d. ^  Primarily Riffian, Shilha and Central Tamazight.
e. ^  Primarily Darija and Hassaniya.
f. ^  The area 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories, while 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) includes the Moroccan-administered parts of Western Sahara (claimed as the Sahrawi Republic by the Polisario Front).

Morocco is a country in north Africa. Its official name is the Kingdom of Morocco; or Al-Maghrib (Arabic: المغرب‎).

Politics[change | change source]

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. The political powers are shared between the king Muhammad VI (the sixth) and the Head of the Government. The King is the head of state (Person in charge of the country) and the most important person.

The people of Morocco vote for Members of Parliament to speak for them and to help make laws for them. The Council of Ministers defines what must be done. He makes all the important decisions. Today, the Head of Government is Abdelilah Benkiran.

Geography[change | change source]

Morocco is next to the countries of Algeria to its east and Western Sahara to its south. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the north of Morocco, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Morocco has a diverse geography from fertile plains, to forests, cold mountains, dry lands, and deserts. Most people live in areas close to the coast, or in fertile farms. Morocco has an area of 446,550 km². Morocco also controls most of the Western Sahara which is 266.000 km² big.

The capital of Morocco is Rabat. About 1.2 million people live in Rabat. The biggest city in Morocco is however Casablanca, with nearly 4 million people living there. Both Rabat and Casablanca have large ports and industrial zones. The third biggest city is Marrakesh from which the word "Morocco" is made.

People and culture[change | change source]

The population of Morocco is about 34 million. People from Morocco are called Moroccans. Moroccans are essentially Berbers but many Moroccans have Arab, Spanish, black African, and Jewish ancestors.

The official language of Morocco is Arabic, but millions of Moroccans also speak the Berber language and want it to be official too. French is also used in big companies, universities, and in some TV channels. Morocco was part of the French colonial empire for 44 years. Some people in the north (close to Spain) speak Spanish as well. Spain also occupied parts of Morocco before leaving them in 1956 and in 1975.

Most educated Moroccans do not speak English well, or do not know it at all. In the 21st century English is being taught to students in an increasing number of schools.

Most Moroccans follow Islam as their religion. There are very small numbers of Christians, Jews, and non-believers. Morocco is home to the oldest university in the world, the University of Karaouine.

Divisions[change | change source]

Regions of Morocco

Morocco is divided into 16 regions,[7]. The regions are divided into 62 prefectures and provinces.[8]

As of 1997 the regions are:

Provinces[change | change source]

Morocco is divided into 37 provinces and 2 wilayas*: Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben Slimane, Boulemane, Casablanca*, Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des Sraghna, Er Rachidia, Essaouira, Fes, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane, Kenitra, Khemisset, Rommani, Khenifra, Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech, Meknes, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*, Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tangier, Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata, Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit. Three additional provinces of Ad Dakhla (Oued Eddahab), Boujdour, and Es Smara as well as parts of Tan-Tan and Laayoune fall within Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara.

Economy[change | change source]

Mining, agriculture, fishing, and tourism are the 4 main parts of Morocco's national economy. Also, Moroccans working in Europe (about 2 million) send billions of Euros of money home to their families every year.

Tourism is becoming very important too. Many Americans and Europens come to see the historical places of Morocco, live the Berber countryside life, or enjoy the warm sun and the long and clean beaches. Marrakesh is the most liked city by tourists.

The currency of Morocco is called the Dirham, its code is MAD.

Other pages[change | change source]

Notes and references[change | change source]