|Kingdom of Morocco
المملكة المغربية (language?)
ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)
|Motto: الله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic)
Allāh, al-Waṭan, al-Malik
ⴰⴽⵓⵛ . ⴰⵎⵓⵔ . ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber)
Akuc, Amur, Agellid
"God, Homeland, King"
النشيد الوطني المغربي
|Official language(s)||Arabic, Amazigh[a]|
|Native languages||Moroccan Arabic, Tachelhit, Central Atlas Tamazight Tarifit, Hassaniya. [b]|
|Ethnic groups||99.1% Arab-Berber
0.2% Jews 
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional Monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Abdelillah Benkirane|
|-||Upper House||Assembly of Councillors|
|-||Lower House||Assembly of Representatives|
|-||Kingdom of Mauretania||110 BC – 40 AD|
|-||Alaouite dynasty||1666–modern day|
|-||Independence from France||March 2, 1956|
|-||Independence from Spain||April 7, 1956|
|-||Total||446,550 km2 [c] or 710,850 km²[c](58th/40th)
172,487 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||250 km² (0,056%)|
|-||2011 estimate||32,208,557 (38th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2010)||0.567 (medium) (114th)|
|Currency||Moroccan dirham (
|Time zone||WET (UTC+0)|
|-||Summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||right|
|a. ^ French is also used in official government documents and by the business community, although it has no official status.
^ 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories.
710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) Includes Moroccan-administered territory of Western Sahara which is claimed by the Polisario Front as the Sahrawi Republic
Morocco is a country in north Africa. Its official name is the Kingdom of Morocco.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. The political powers are shared between the king Muhammad VI (the sixth) and the Head of the Government. The King is the head of state (Person in charge of the country) and the most important person.
The people of Morocco vote for Members of Parliament to speak for them and to help make laws for them. The Council of Ministers defines what must be done. He makes all the important decisions. Today, the Head of Government is Abdelilah Benkiran.
Morocco has a diverse geography from fertile plains, to forests, cold mountains, dry lands, and deserts. Most people live in areas close to the coast, or in fertile farms. Morocco has an area of 446,550 km². Morocco also controls most of the Western Sahara which is 266.000 km² big.
The capital of Morocco is Rabat. About 1.2 million people live in Rabat. The biggest city in Morocco is however Casablanca, with nearly 4 million people living there. Both Rabat and Casablanca have large ports and industrial zones. The third biggest city is Marrakesh from which the word "Morocco" is made.
People and culture [change]
The population of Morocco is about 34 million. People from Morocco are called Moroccans. Moroccans are essentially Berbers just like their neighbors: the Algerians and Libyans. Although, many of the Moroccans have Arab, Spanish, black African, and Jewish ancestors.
The official language of Morocco is Arabic, but millions of Moroccans also speak the Berber language and want it to be official too. French is also used, but only in big companies, universities, and in some TV channels. Morocco used to be occupied by France for 44 years. Some people in the north (close to Spain) speak Spanish as well. Spain also occupied parts of Morocco before leaving them in 1956 and in 1975.
Most educated Moroccans do not speak English well, or do not know it at all. But since recent years, English is being taught to students in an increasing number of schools.
As of 1997 the regions are:
- 01. Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira
- 02. Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra
- 03. Guelmim-Es Semara
- 04. Souss-Massa-Draâ
- 05. Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen
- 06. Chaouia-Ouardigha
- 07. Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz
- 08. Oriental
- 09. Grand Casablanca
- 10. Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer
- 11. Doukkala-Abda
- 12. Tadla-Azilal
- 13. Meknès-Tafilalet
- 14. Fès-Boulemane
- 15. Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate
- 16. Tangier-Tétouan
Morocco is divided into 37 provinces and 2 wilayas*: Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben Slimane, Boulemane, Casablanca*, Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des Sraghna, Er Rachidia, Essaouira, Fes, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane, Kenitra, Khemisset, Rommani, Khenifra, Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech, Meknes, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*, Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tangier, Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata, Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit. Three additional provinces of Ad Dakhla (Oued Eddahab), Boujdour, and Es Smara as well as parts of Tan-Tan and Laayoune fall within Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara.
Mining, agriculture, fishing, and tourism are the 4 main parts of Morocco's national economy. Also, Moroccans working in Europe (about 2 million) send billions of Euros of money home to their families every year.
Tourism is becoming very important too. Many Americans and Europens come to see the historical places of Morocco, live the Berber countryside life, or enjoy the warm sun and the long and clean beaches. Marrakesh is the most liked city by tourists.
Other pages [change]
Notes and references [change]
- "Moroccan Constitution". 2011. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2011/06/morocco-reform-can-lead-to-a-genuine-constitutional-monarchy.html.
- "BBC News – Morocco's King Mohammed unveils constitutional reforms". 2011-06-18. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13816974.
- "Ethnic groups". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- Site institutionnel du Haut-Commissariat au Plan du Royaume du Maroc. Hcp.ma. Retrieved on 2011-07-23.
- Haut-Commissariat Au Plan (2004). Recensement général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2004. Archived from the original on 21 August 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080821033855/http://www.hcp.ma/Profil.aspx. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Morocco". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=62&pr.y=3&sy=2009&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=686&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2011-05-06.
- Regions of Morocco, statoids.com
- Regions of Morocco, statoids.com
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