Republic of Zimbabwe
|Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Work"|
|Anthem: Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe (Shona)
Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe (Sindebele)
"Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"
Location of Zimbabwe within the African Union
(and largest city)
|-||Prime Minister||Morgan Tsvangirai|
|-||Vice President||Joice Mujuru
|-||Deputy Prime Minister||Thokozani Khuphe
|Independence||from the United Kingdom|
|-||Proclaimed||11 November 1965|
|-||Recognized||18 April 1980|
|-||Total||390,757 km2 (60th)
150,871 sq mi
|-||2009 estimate||12,521,000 (68th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|-||Total||$4.644 billion (153rd)|
|-||Per capita||$395 (181st)|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
|-||Total||$5.574 billion (141st)|
|-||Per capita||$475 (169th)|
|Gini (2009)||50.1 (high)|
|HDI (2011)||0.376 (low) (173rd)|
|Currency||Various Currencies (South African Rand (R), Botswana Pula (P), British Pound (£), the United States Dollar ($) and Euro (€)) (
|Time zone||Central Africa Time (UTC+2)|
|-||Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||left|
|^a The Zimbabwean Dollar is no longer in active use after it was officially suspended by the government due to hyperinflation. The United States Dollar, South African Rand, Botswana Pula, British Pound Sterling, and Euro are now used instead. The US Dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions with the new power-sharing regime.|
Zimbabwe is surrounded by other countries, and so it has no coast on the sea. This type of country is called landlocked. The countries that surround Zimbabwe are Zambia, Botswana, South Africa and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe is home to the famous waterfall, Victoria Falls, which are a feature of the river Zambezi and also the Great Zimbabwe, the ancient architectural monument from which the country was named after.
Flora and fauna [change]
The country is mostly savanna. In the east it is moist and mountainous with tropical evergreen and hardwood forests. Trees include teak and mahogany, knobthorn, msasa and baobab. Among the many flowers and shrubs are hibiscus, spider lily, leonotus, cassia, tree wisteria and dombeya.
There are around 350 species of mammals in Zimbabwe. There are also many snakes and lizards, over 500 bird species, and 131 fish species.
The country Zimbabwe has a mixture of languages; shona,ndebele,venda,manyika,nyanja,chagani and a unique-unifiedzimbabwean english.
Zimbabwe uses the Zimbabwe dollar as its currency. The economy is currently in a bad situation. Foreign currency reserves are at very low levels, and the Zimbabwean Dollar has become very devalued. Just recently, three zeroes were taken off the Zimbabwean dollar (for example, $1,000,000 (one million dollars) would become $1000 (one thousand dollars)). Many observers link this to Mugabe's controversial Land Reform programme.
- Agriculture: Most people in Zimbabwe work in the field of agriculture: cattle, poultry, pigs, vegetables, millet, sorghum, maize, rice, cassava, tea, coffee, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, sugar cane, timber.
- Mining: Copper, silver, tin, coal, nickel, cobalt, gold, iron ore, asbestos, chrome.
- Manufacturing: Iron, steel, food processing, textiles, brewing, wood, furniture, tobacco.
- Other: Tourism centring on the Victoria Falls and the game parks
Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities that are the same as a province.
|Matabeleland North||Lupane District|
The largest cities are:
|Cities in Zimbabwe|
|Census 1982||Census 1992||Census 2002||Est. 2007|
Zimbabwe has also done well in the Commonwealth Games and All-Africa Games. Kirsty Coventry won 11 gold medals in swimming. Zimbabwe has also been at Wimbledon and the Davis Cup in tennis. Zimbabwe has also done well in golf. Other sports played in Zimbabwe are basketball, volleyball, netball, and water polo, as well as squash, motorsport, martial arts, chess, cycling, polocrosse, kayaking and horse racing. Most of these sports don't have international representatives but instead stay at a junior or national level.
Other pages [change]
- Beaver County Times (13 September 1981). Zimbabwe. The Beaver County Times. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=AFwtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=ydkFAAAAIBAJ&pg=3340,2548451&dq=zimbabwe+unity-freedom-work&hl=en. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- CIA (2011). The World Factbook – Zimbabwe. 2011. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- "Zimbabwe". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=698&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=73&pr.y=17. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Human Development report". UNDP. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/161.html. Retrieved 15.apr.2010.
- "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Zimbabwe Currency". Wwp.greenwichmeantime.com. http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/zimbabwe/currency/. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "2004 Olympic Games swimming results". CNN. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/olympics/2004/schedules/117BySport.html. Retrieved 22 July 2007.
- "Montreal 2005 Results". Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070128064425/http://www.fina.org/events/WC/Montreal_2005/results/sw.php. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
- "12th FINA World Championships". Archived from the original on 6 June 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070606111744/http://www.fina.org/events/WC/Melbourne_2007/results/swimming.php. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
- "BBC Sport Commonwealth Games 2002 Statistics". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/commonwealthgames2002/bsp/statistics/results.stm. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
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