Sudan

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Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān
Motto: النصر لنا
"Victory is ours"
Anthem: نحن جند الله جند الوطن
"Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan"
Location of  Sudan  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Sudan  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Khartoum
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Official languages Arabic
English
Demonym Sudanese
Government Federal presidential republic
 -  President Omar al-Bashir (NCP)
 -  Vice President Ali Osman Taha (NCP)
Adam Yousef (NCP)
Legislature National Legislature
 -  Upper house Council of States
 -  Lower house National Assembly
Establishment
 -  Nubian kingdoms 3500 BC 
 -  Sennar dynasty 1504[1] 
 -  Unified with Egypt 1821 
 -  Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1899 
 -  Independence 1 January 1956 
 -  Current constitution 9 January 2005 
Area
 -  Total 1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi 
Population
 -  2008 census 30,894,000 (disputed)[2] (40th)
 -  Density 16.4/km2
42.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $123.636 billion[3] (69th)
 -  Per capita $2,852[3] (135th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $94.044 billion[3] (64th)
 -  Per capita $2,170[3] (129th)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.408[4]
low · 169th
Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code 249
Internet TLD .sd
A map of Sudan

Sudan is a country in Africa. The official name of Sudan is The Republic of Sudan. Its capital is Khartoum.

Geography[change | change source]

Sudan borders by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.

Sudan used to have the largest area of all the countries in Africa. However, on July 9, 2011, the southern part of the country left and became a new country, South Sudan. Sudan now has an area of 1,861,484 km2,[5] and is the third largest country in Africa by area. The Nile flows through Sudan, providing water to crops. There are many different tribal and ethnic groups of people, though the country is mainly divided between the north, which has more Arabic people, and the south, which has more people of African descent.

Culture[change | change source]

People from Sudan are called Sudanese. About 45 million people live in Sudan. About 4 million of these live in Khartoum or in towns that are joined to it.

Arabic is the official language of Sudan, but people also speak Nubian, Nilotic and English. Many other languages are spoken in different parts of the country as well.

Most Sudanese people have Islam as their religion. A small number are Christian. Some people have other religions that are called tribal (local) beliefs.

The currency of Sudan is called the Sudanese Pound (Jinneh).

The leader of Sudan right now is President Omar Hassan al-Bashir.

War[change | change source]

For several years, the Darfur conflict has been going on in Sudan. Over 400,000 people have died in it.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Rayah, Mubarak B. (1978). Sudan civilization. Democratic Republic of the Sudan, Ministry of Culture and Information. p. 64.
  2. "Discontent over Sudan census". News24. 21 May 2009. http://www.news24.com/World/News/Discontent-over-Sudan-census-20090521. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Sudan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2013&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=68&pr1.y=6&c=732&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  4. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. "CIA - The World Factbook". cia.gov. 2011 [last update]. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/su.html. Retrieved November 29, 2011.