Sweden

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Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige
Flag
Motto: (Royal) "För Sverige i tiden"[a] 
"For Sweden – With the Times" 
Anthem: Du gamla, du fria[b]
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthemKungssången
The Song of the King
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Stockholm
59°21′N 18°4′E / 59.35°N 18.067°E / 59.35; 18.067
Official languages Swedish[c]
Ethnic groups 90.8% Swedes[1][d]
~3% Finns[2] and Finnish is recognized as a minority language.[3]
~1% other Nordics
~5,2% other (2011)[4][5]
Demonym Swedish or Swedes
Government Constitutional monarchy,
Unitary parliamentary representative democracy
 -  Monarch King Carl XVI Gustaf
 -  Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt (M)
 -  Speaker of
the riksdag
Per Westerberg (M)
Legislature Riksdag
Consolidation Middle Ages
Area
 -  Total 449,964 km2 (57th)
173,745 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 8.7
Population
 -  2012 census 9,514,406[6]
 -  Density 20.6/km2 (195th)
53.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $381.719 billion[7]
 -  Per capita $40,393[7]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $538.237 billion[7]
 -  Per capita $56,956[7]
Gini (2005) 23
low
HDI (2010) Increase 0.885[8]
very high · 9th
Currency Swedish krona (SEK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right[e]
Calling code 46
Internet TLD .se[f]
a. ^  För Sverige – I tiden has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto.

b. ^  Du gamla, du fria has never been officially adopted as national anthem, but is so by convention.
c. ^  Since 1 July 2009.[3][9] Five other languages are officially recognized as minority languages.[10] They are: Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami and Yiddish. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status.
d. ^  As of 2008, 18% of the population had foreign origins (13% if excluding Finns and 9% if also excluding other Scandinavians), with 14% foreign-born and another 4% born in Sweden of two foreign-born parents.[11]
e. ^  Since 3 September 1967.

f. ^  The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. The .nu domain is another commonly used top-level domain ("nu" means "now" in Swedish).

Sweden (Sverige in Swedish) is a Nordic country in the part of Europe called Scandinavia. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the south by a bridge. It is a developed country and it is famous for its welfare state. People who live in Sweden are called Swedish.

Sweden's capital city is Stockholm. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy because it has a king, Carl XVI Gustaf. Sweden is a parliamentary state meaning that the government is elected by the parliament which is appointed by the people. The country is democratically ruled by a government headed by an elected prime minister, who currently is Fredrik Reinfeldt.

The population of Sweden is almost 9.5 million people.[12]

Sweden has an official majority language, Swedish (svenska). Sweden has five official minority languages, Finnish, Yiddish, Sami, Meänkieli and Romani.

Sweden became a member of the European Union in 1995. It is not a member of the European Monetary Union and it has not begun to use the euro as currency. This is because the people have voted against this. The currency remains the Swedish krona (Swedish crown).

Sweden has 25 provinces (landskap), found in 3 different regions: Norrland in the North, Svealand, the central region, and Götaland in the South.

Military[change | change source]

During many wars, including the Vietnam War and World War II, the country was neutral, meaning it did not take sides. During World War II, it sold supplies to both the British and the Germans in order to protect its neutrality.

Divisions[change | change source]

Sweden is divided into twenty-one counties. They are Stockholm, Uppsala, Södermanland, Östergötland, Jönköping, Kronoberg, Kalmar, Gotland, Blekinge, Skåne, Halland, Västra Götaland, Värmland, Örebro, Västmanland, Dalarna, Gävleborg, Västernorrland, Jämtland, Västerbotten and Norrbotten.

Religion[change | change source]

Sweden is one of the world's least religious countries. 46-85% of all people in Sweden are agnostics or atheists. This means they do not believe in a god.[13] About 6.4 million people in Sweden, that is 67% of all, are members of the Church of Sweden, but only 2% of members go to church often.[14]

Music[change | change source]

In popular music, ABBA, Roxette, Entombed, At the gates, Dark Tranquillity, Hypocrisy, Grave, Dissection, Watain and Ace of Base have scored several hits throughout the years.

Sports[change | change source]

See also: Sweden at the Olympics and Sweden national football team

Sweden is a country with many talents in sports, such as soccer player Zlatan Ibrahimović. Sweden has two bronze medals and one silver medal from the World Cup in football (soccer) - 1950, 1958 and 1994. The soccer league in Sweden is called Allsvenskan. Sweden has also performed well in ice hockey along with the USA, Canada, Finland, Russia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The men's ice hockey top division in Sweden is called SHL. Sweden has also had several successful table tennis players, including Stellan Bengtsson and Jan-Ove Waldner, as well as alpine skiers like Ingemar Stenmark, Pernilla Wiberg and Anja Pärson, as well as biathlete Magdalena Forsberg and tennis players Björn Borg, Mats Wilander and Stefan Edberg.

Sweden also has great success in cross country skiing, javing won several medals in the Olympic games.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Befolkningsstatistik". www.scb.se. http://www.scb.se/Pages/Product____25785.aspx?produktkod=BE0101&displaypressrelease=true&pressreleaseid=257212. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  2. "På lördag kan 440 000 flagga blått och vitt" (in Swedish). www.scb.se. 2008-12-05. http://www.scb.se/Pages/PressRelease____255905.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Landes, David (2009-07-01). "Swedish becomes official 'main language'". The Local. thelocal.se. http://www.thelocal.se/20404/20090701/. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  4. "Summary of Population Statistics 1960–2008". www.scb.se. http://www.scb.se/Pages/TableAndChart____26041.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  5. Note that Swedish-speaking Finns or other Swedish-speakers born outside Sweden might self-identify as Swedish despite being born abroad. Moreover, people born within Sweden may not be ethnic Swedes.
  6. "Befolkningsstatistik". Statistiska centralbyrån. http://www.scb.se/Pages/Product____25799.aspx. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Sweden". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=92&pr.y=3&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=144&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
  8. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  9. "Språklagen" (in Swedish). Språkförsvaret. 2009-07-01. http://www.sprakforsvaret.se/sf/fileadmin/PDF/spraklagen_200509.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  10. "Är svenskan också officiellt språk i Sverige?" (in Swedish). Språkrådet (Language Council of Sweden). 2008-02-01. http://www.sprakradet.se/servlet/GetDoc?meta_id=2119#item100400. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
  11. Summary of Population Statistics 1960 – 2008 – Statistics Sweden (proportion of foreign background, including foreign-born and Swedish-born with two foreign-born parents)
  12. "Statistics Sweden". Statistics Sweden website. 31 May 2013. http://www.scb.se/Pages/Product____25799.aspx. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  13. Zuckerman, Phil (2007), Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns PDF i Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-60367-6
  14. "Liturgy and Worship", Church of Sweden

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Sweden at Wikimedia Commons