|Kingdom of Sweden
|Motto: (Royal) "För Sverige i tiden"[a]
"For Sweden – With the Times"
|Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria[b]
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthem: Kungssången
The Song of the King
(and largest city)
|Ethnic groups||90.8% Swedes[d]
~3% Finns and Finnish is recognized as a minority language.
~1% other Nordics
~5,2% other (2011)
|Demonym||Swedish or Swedes|
Unitary parliamentary representative democracy
|-||Monarch||King Carl XVI Gustaf|
|-||Prime Minister||Fredrik Reinfeldt (M)|
|Per Westerberg (M)|
|-||Total||449,964 km2 (57th)
173,745 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|Gini (2005)||23 (low)|
|HDI (2010)||0.885 (very high) (9th)|
|Currency||Swedish krona (
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||right[e]|
|a. ^ För Sverige – I tiden has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto.
b. ^ Du gamla, Du fria has never been officially adopted as national anthem, but is so by convention.
Sweden (Sverige in Swedish) is a Nordic country in the part of Europe called Scandinavia. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the south by a bridge. It is a developed country and it is famous for its welfare state.
Sweden's capital city is Stockholm. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy because it has a king, Carl XVI Gustaf. Sweden is a parliamentary state meaning that the government is elected by the parliament which is appointed by the people. The country is democratically ruled by a government headed by an elected prime minister, who currently is Fredrik Reinfeldt.
The population of Sweden is almost 9.5 million people.
During many wars, including the Vietnam War and World War II, the country was neutral, meaning it did not take sides. During World War II, it sold supplies to both the British and the Germans in order to protect its neutrality.
Sweden is divided into twenty-one counties. They are Stockholm, Uppsala, Södermanland, Östergötland, Jönköping, Kronoberg, Kalmar, Gotland, Blekinge, Skåne, Halland, Västra Götaland, Värmland, Örebro, Västmanland, Dalarna, Gävleborg, Västernorrland, Jämtland, Västerbotten and Norrbotten.
Sweden is a country with many talents in sport, such as Zlatan Ibrahimović. They have two bronze medals and one silver medal from the World Cup in football (soccer) - 1950, 1958 and 1994. The soccer league in Sweden is called Allsvenskan - with Malmö (Malmoe) as the best team throughout all its years[source?]. Sweden is also one of the best performing nations in ice hockey together with USA, Canada, Finland, Russia and the Czech Republic. The Hockey league in Sweden is called Elitserien. Sweden has won the 2004 Athens Olympic game in ping-pong. That was Jan-Ove Waldner. He was a world best player in 2004, such as Ma Lin who played against Waldner.
Sweden also has great success in cross country skiing, with a total of 59 medals in the Olympic games.
- "Befolkningsstatistik". www.scb.se. http://www.scb.se/Pages/Product____25785.aspx?produktkod=BE0101&displaypressrelease=true&pressreleaseid=257212. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "På lördag kan 440 000 flagga blått och vitt" (in Swedish). www.scb.se. 2008-12-05. http://www.scb.se/Pages/PressRelease____255905.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- Landes, David (2009-07-01). "Swedish becomes official 'main language'". The Local. thelocal.se. http://www.thelocal.se/20404/20090701/. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Summary of Population Statistics 1960–2008". www.scb.se. http://www.scb.se/Pages/TableAndChart____26041.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- Note that Swedish-speaking Finns or other Swedish-speakers born outside Sweden might self-identify as Swedish despite being born abroad. Moreover, people born within Sweden may not be ethnic Swedes.
- "Befolkningsstatistik". Statistiska centralbyrån. http://www.scb.se/Pages/Product____25799.aspx. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- "Sweden". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=92&pr.y=3&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=144&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
- "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Språklagen" (in Swedish). Språkförsvaret. 2009-07-01. http://www.sprakforsvaret.se/sf/fileadmin/PDF/spraklagen_200509.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Är svenskan också officiellt språk i Sverige?" (in Swedish). Språkrådet (Language Council of Sweden). 2008-02-01. http://www.sprakradet.se/servlet/GetDoc?meta_id=2119#item100400. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Summary of Population Statistics 1960 – 2008 – Statistics Sweden (proportion of foreign background, including foreign-born and Swedish-born with two foreign-born parents)
- Zuckerman, Phil (2007), Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns PDF i Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-60367-6
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