Stockholm

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Stockholm
The Old town in Stockholm seen from the air

Coat of arms
Stockholm is located in Sweden
Stockholm
Coordinates: 59°19′46″N 18°4′7″E / 59.32944°N 18.06861°E / 59.32944; 18.06861Coordinates: 59°19′46″N 18°4′7″E / 59.32944°N 18.06861°E / 59.32944; 18.06861
Country Sweden
Province Södermanland and Uppland
County Stockholm County
Municipalities
First mention 1252
Charter 13th century
Area[1]
 • City 188 km2 (73 sq mi)
 • Urban 381.63 km2 (147.35 sq mi)
 • Metro 6,519 km2 (2,517 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2011)[1][2]
 • City 864,324
 • Density 4,597/km2 (11,910/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,372,565
 • Urban density 3,597/km2 (9,320/sq mi)
 • Metro 2,091,473
 • Metro density 320.827/km2 (830.94/sq mi)
Demonym Stockholmare
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +46-8

Stockholm is the capital city of Sweden. It is also the biggest city in Sweden. It is on the east coast of the country. The city is built on islands, with canals and open water in the inner city. Stockholm is found between Sweden's third largest lake, Mälaren, and the Baltic Sea.

Tyresta National Park is near Stockholm.

Geography[change | change source]

Central Stockholm has four different parts - Kungsholmen, Södermalm, Norrmalm and Östermalm. Kungsholmen and Södermalm are islands, while Norrmalm and Östermalm are parts of the mainland. Also, there are several smaller islands in the inner city - Gamla Stan, Riddarholmen, Djurgården and Skeppsholmen. Since Stockholm has so many islands, it is sometimes referred to as the "Venice of the North".

Gamla Stan is the oldest part of the city - the name means "Old Town", and is usually called that in English. Djurgården is mostly a large park, but there are buildings on the island. Most of these are museums that commemorate Sweden's and Stockholm's past - like Skansen, a zoo with a Swedish theme. Skeppsholmen is an island that used to be a training ground and military school, but most of the buildings are now used for museums and art galleries, such as the Modern Museum, or the East Asian museum. Riddarholmen is a part of Gamla Stan, but actually a different island.

All of the islands in Stockholm are connected by several bridges. The biggest one is Västerbron, going from Kungsholmen to Södermalm.

History[change | change source]

Birger Jarl is considered the founder of Stockholm. It is believed that he rebuilt a defense building in the 13th century on what is today the island of the Old town. Around the fortification, a town grew. The town grew mainly because of its sea and land trading.

References[change | change source]