Luxembourg City

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Luxembourg
Luxembourg / Lëtzebuerg / Luxemburg
The main railway station in Luxembourg

Coat of arms
Map showing, in orange, Luxembourg
Coordinates: 49°36′36″N 6°07′40″E / 49.61°N 6.12778°E / 49.61; 6.12778Coordinates: 49°36′36″N 6°07′40″E / 49.61°N 6.12778°E / 49.61; 6.12778
Country  Luxembourg
District Luxembourg
Canton Luxembourg
Commune Luxembourg
Government
 • Mayor Lydie Polfer (DP)
Area
 • Total 51.7 km2 (20.0 sq mi)
Highest elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Lowest elevation 232 m (761 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 107,247
 • Density 2,074.4/km2 (5,373/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LAU2 LU00011001

The city of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, French: Luxembourg, German: Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Luxembourgish: Stad Lëtzebuerg, French: Ville de Luxembourg, German: Stadt Luxemburg), is a commune with city status, and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The city is at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg. In the city is found the Luxembourg Castle, built by the Franks in the Early Middle Ages, around which a settlement developed.

History[change | change source]

Old City of Luxembourg at night

During the Roman period, two main roads crossed the territory of the present city of Luxembourg; these two roads met at the place Marché-aux-Poissons (now a street and a neighborhood) dominated by a fortified tower. A castle was built here and it was called Lucilinburhuc ("small castle"). In 963, this place became a property of Siegfried I, a close relative of the Emperors of Germany and Kings of France. Siegfried built a castle, not far from the "Lucilinburhuc" castle, on a rocky cliff called the Bock (Luxembourgish: Bockfiels). This place is now considered the birthplace of the city, the country and the nation.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

The new bridge over the Moselle.

The city of Luxembourg has an area of 51.73 km2 (20.0 sq mi), about 2% of the territory of the whole country. The altitude varies between 232 m (761 ft) high (Beggen, Bastogne street) and 408 m (1,339 ft) high (Dommeldange); it is 304 m (997 ft) high at the centre of the city.[3]

Luxembourg's climate is on the boundary of oceanic (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification) and humid continental (Dfb).

As of 2014, there are 107,247 persons living in the commune,[1] for a population density of 2,073.2 inhabitants/km2.

Twin cities[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]