Luxembourg

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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

[1]

Royal anthemDe Wilhelmus 1
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Luxembourg
49°36′N 6°7′E / 49.6°N 6.117°E / 49.6; 6.117
Official languages Luxembourgish
French
German
Demonym Luxembourgers
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Grand Duke Henri (List)
 -  Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (List)
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
Independence
 -  From French empire (Treaty of Paris) 9 June 1815 
 -  1st Treaty of London 19 April 1839 
 -  2nd Treaty of London 11 May 1867 
 -  End of personal union 23 November 1890 
Area
 -  Total 2,586.4 km2 (175th)
998.6 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.60%
Population
 -  2011 estimate 511,840[1] (170th)
 -  2001 census 439,539
 -  Density 194.1/km2 (67th)
501.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $41.221 billion[2] (94th)
 -  Per capita $80,119[2] (2nd)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $58.412 billion[2] (69th)
 -  Per capita $113,533[2] (1st)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.867[3]
very high · 25th
Currency Euro ()2 (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 352
Internet TLD .lu3
1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). It is a small country. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. Its population is 442,972.

Timeline[change | change source]

Government[change | change source]

Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

Districts, cantons, and communes[change | change source]

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts, which are further divided into 12 cantons and then 116 communes. Twelve of the communes have city status, of which the city of Luxembourg is the largest.

Districts[change | change source]

The districts are

  1. Diekirch
  2. Grevenmacher
  3. Luxembourg

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population: 511 840 habitants au 1er janvier 2011", Le Portail des statistiques: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 3 May 2011. (French) Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Luxembourg". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=47&pr.y=10&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=137&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  3. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2011.