Claude Auchinleck

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Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck
Nickname The Auk
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service 1904–1947
Rank Field Marshal
Commands held 1st Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment (21 January 1929 - 31 January 1930)
Meerut district (1938)
3rd Indian Division (September 1939)
IV Corps (January 1940)
C in C, Northern Norway (April - June 1940)
V Corps (June 1940)
Southern Command (July - November 1940)
Middle East Command (1941-1942)
Commander-in-Chief, India (1941 & 1943-1947)
Battles/wars World War I:
- Egypt (1915)
- Mesopotamian campaign
Mohmand Campaign (1935)
World War II:
-Norwegian campaign
-North African campaign
Awards GCB (January 1945)[1]
GCIE (December 1940)[2]
CB (July 1934)
CSI (May 1936)[3]
DSO (June 1917)
OBE (June 1919)
mentioned in dispatches (1917 & 1936[4])
Legion of Merit, Chief Commander (USA) (23 July 1948)[5]
Virtuti Militari 5th class (Poland) (15 May 1942)[6]
War Cross (1944)
Order of the Star of Nepal, 1st Class (1945)
Knight Grand Cross of Order of St Olav (19 March 1948)[7]
1st Class Order of Cloud and Banner (1947)
Grand Officer, Légion d'honneur
Croix de guerre (1918 and 1949)
Military Cross (Czechoslovakia) (1943)[8]
Other work Colonel 1st Bn. 1st Punjab Regiment (January 1933)[9]
Colonel Inniskilling Fusiliers (April 1941)[10]
Colonel 1st Bn. 4th Bombay Grenadiers (July 1939)[11]
Colonel 4th Bombay Grenadiers (May 1944)[12]
Colonel 1st Punjab Regiment (1947)[9]

Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, GCB, GCIE, CSI, DSO, OBE (21 June 1884 – 23 March 1981), nicknamed "The Auk", was a British army commander during World War II. He was a career soldier who spent much of his military career in India, where he developed a love of the country and a lasting affinity for the soldiers he commanded. In July 1941 he was appointed Commander in Chief of the Middle East theatre; after initial successes the war in North Africa turned against the British, and he was relieved of the post in 1942 during the crucial Alamein campaign. He served thereafter as C-in-C India until his resignation in 1947. He retired to Marrakesh, where he died at age 96.

References[change | edit source]

  1. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36866, p. 3, 29 December 1944. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  2. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35019, p. 7109, 20 December 1940. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  3. London Gazette: no. 34282, p. 2974, 8 May 1936. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  4. London Gazette: no. 34282, p. 2979, 8 May 1936. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  5. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38359, p. 4189, 20 July 1948. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  6. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35559, p. 2113, 12 May 1942. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  7. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38240, p. 1919, 16 March 1948. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  8. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36103, p. 3319, 1943-07-20. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Qureshi, Maj MI. (1958). The First Punjabis: History of the First Punjab Regiment 1759-1956. Aldershot: Gale & Polden.
  10. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35153, p. 2571, 2 May 1941. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  11. London Gazette: no. 34649, p. 5218, 28 July 1939. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
  12. London Gazette: no. 36532, p. 2443, 26 May 1944. Retrieved 2009-11-28.