A computer monitor is an electronic device that shows pictures. Monitors often look similar to televisions. The main difference between a monitor and a television is that a monitor does not have a television tuner to change channels. Monitors often have higher display resolution than televisions. A high display resolution makes it easier to see smaller letters and fine graphics.
There are three types of computer displays:
- The CRT monitor. These are heavy, use a lot of desk space and electricity. It is the oldest technology used by monitors and is based on the cathode ray tube technology that was developed for television. Monitors are made with better parts which give a much higher display resolution and picture sharpness than a television. This type of monitor is no longer popular.
- The LCD monitor. Often called a Flat panel display. It is a newer technology than CRT. LCD monitors use much less desk space, are lightweight and use less electricity than CRT. This type of screen has been used for many years in the screens of laptop and notebook computers. It is also used for screens in every mobile phone, and many handheld technologies. It can produce a very high quality and stable display of graphics and text.
- In the early 21st century the price of video projectors has fallen and they are now used in many places to produce very large images. These use a range of different technologies to make the image including LCD - Liquid crystal display and DLP - Digital light processing which uses very small mirrors to direct the light.