Cosmic microwave background radiation
Cosmic background microwave radiation (CMB radiation) is radiation in the microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum, which comes from all directions in outer space. We know that it comes from very far away, so we think that it is the oldest signal that we can detect.
During the Big Bang, a lot of high-energy radiation was created. Then, the universe became bigger and colder. Therefore, the high-energy photons lost most of their original energy. Now, as a result, that radiation is in the microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum (the microwave part has quite low energy). The cosmic microwave background is the radiation that has been travelling without hitting anything ever since the time the universe became transparent, about 380,000 years after the Big Bang.
Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson first detected the CMB radiation. Scientists think that the existence of CMB radiation is very important evidence along with red shift theory that the Big Bang theory is true.
References[change | change source]
- Smoot Group 1996. The cosmic microwave background radiation. Lawrence Berkeley Lab.