Edinburgh of the Seven Seas

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Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
"The Settlement"
Roofs of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is located in Tristan da Cunha
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
Coordinates: 37°4′2.2″S 12°18′36″W / 37.067278°S 12.31°W / -37.067278; -12.31Coordinates: 37°4′2.2″S 12°18′36″W / 37.067278°S 12.31°W / -37.067278; -12.31
Country  United Kingdom
Overseas territory Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Island  Tristan da Cunha
First inhabited 1816
Named 1867
Founded by William Glass (British Army)
Capital of Tristan da Cunha
Population (2009)
 • Total 264
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Area code(s) +290 8xxx

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the only settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, in Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, in the South Atlantic Ocean. Locally it is always called "The Settlement".[1]

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is regarded as the most remote permanent settlement on Earth, being 2,173 km2 (839 sq mi) from the nearest human settlement, on Saint Helena.[1]

History[change | change source]

The settlement was founded on the island of Tristan da Cunha in 1816 by a Corporal William Glass (with his South African wife and two children) after the UK annexed Tristan da Cunha.[2] A military garrison was maintained on the islands as a guard against any French attempts to rescue Napoleon, imprisoned on Saint Helena. The military garrison remained until the end of World War II.

It is named after Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria, in honour of his visit to the island in 1867, after which the Settlement was officially (but never locally!) known as Edinburgh of the Seven Seas.[2]

It was damaged in a volcanic eruption near the Settlement in 1961 which forced the entire population to abandon the settlement and move to the UK.[3] The eruption destroyed the settlement's crayfish factory. The following year a Royal Society expedition went to the islands to assess the damage, and reported that the settlement of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas had been only marginally affected. Most families returned in 1963.

After the return of most of the islanders in 1963, the Settlement was rebuilt. The harbour at Edinburgh was named Calshot Harbour, after the place in Hampshire where the islanders temporarily stayed.

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the only major settlement of Tristan da Cunha, and contains a small port, the Administrator's residence, and the post office. There is a school, St Mary's School, with five classrooms, a computer room and other facilities.[4]

Climate[change | change source]

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas has a mild and humid oceanic climate, with moderate temperatures throughout the year.

Climate data for Edinburgh of the Seven Seas, Tristan da Cunha Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
17
(63)
15
(59)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
16.9
(62.5)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
13
(55)
11
(52)
10
(50)
9
(48)
8
(46)
8
(46)
9
(48)
11
(52)
12
(54)
11.1
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 104
(4.09)
92
(3.62)
115
(4.53)
140
(5.51)
151
(5.94)
156
(6.14)
150
(5.91)
160
(6.3)
155
(6.1)
142
(5.59)
126
(4.96)
125
(4.92)
1,615
(63.58)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tristan da Cunha Settlement of Edinburg of the Seven Seas". Tristan da Cunha Government and the Tristan da Cunha Association. 2013. http://www.tristandc.com/settlement.php. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Tristan History 1817 - 1853". Tristan da Cunha Government and the Tristan da Cunha Association. 2013. http://www.tristandc.com/history1817-1853.php. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  3. "Tristan da Cunha - Summary". Global Volcanism Program. National Museum of Natural History - Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1806-01=. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  4. "Tristan School". Tristan da Cunha Government and the Tristan da Cunha Association. 2013. http://www.tristandc.com/school.php. Retrieved 10 May 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]