First Austrian Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Austria
Republik Österreich

 

1919–1934
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Deutschösterreich, du herrliches Land
"German Austria, you wonderful country"
Capital Vienna
Language(s) German
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic
President
 - 1919–1920 Karl Seitz
 - 1920–1928 Michael Hainisch
 - 1928–1934 Wilhelm Miklas
Chancellor
 - 1919–1920 Karl Renner (first)
 - 1932–1934 Engelbert Dollfuss (last)
Legislature Reichsrat
 - Upper Chamber Herrenhaus
 - Lower Chamber Abgeordnetenhaus
Historical era Interwar period
 - Treaty of Saint Germain 21 October 1919
 - July Revolt 15 July 1927
 - Austrian Civil War 12 February 1934
 - May Constitution 1 May 1934
Currency Austrian Krone,
(1919–1924)
Austrian Schilling
(1924–1934)

The Republic of Austria is the period of Austrian history after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye of September 1919. It went through the settlement after the end of World War I which put an end to the Republic of German-Austria. And it continuied up to World War II. Austria was a de-facto republic, but its official name was the Federal State of Austria.

This period was had a lot of conflict between the left and the right. The July Revolt of 1927 was an example. The Constitution of Austria was started in 1920 and changed in 1929. The Federal State (sometimes called the First Republic) came to an end with the Anschluss to Nazi Germany in 1938. Some people say the end came with the start of the Austro-fascist dictatorship in 1933/34 following the Austrian Civil War.

Coordinates: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.2°N 16.367°E / 48.2; 16.367