Frederick Russell Burnham
|Frederick Russell Burnham|
|Nickname||The King of Scouts; He-who-sees-in-the-dark; Fred|
|Allegiance||Scout for the British Army in Southern Africa; U.S. citizen.|
|Years of service||1893–1897, 1900–1901|
|Commands held||Chief of Scouts under Lord Roberts|
|Battles/wars||Pleasant Valley War
— Apache Wars
— Cheyenne War
— Geronimo campaign
First Matabele War:
— Shangani Patrol
Second Matabele War:
— Assassination of Mlimo
Second Boer War:
— Battle of Paardeberg
— Driefontein (March 10, 1900)
— Johannesburg (May 31, 1900)
— March on Pretoria (June 2–5, 1900)
|Awards||Distinguished Service Order
Queen's South Africa Medal
British South Africa Company Medal
Victoria Cross (declined)
Boy Scouts Silver Buffalo Award
Mount Burnham (California).
|Other work||messenger, Indian tracker, gold miner, rich oil man, American spy. Father of the international Scouting movement and a close friend of Robert Baden-Powell.|
Frederick Russell Burnham DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947) was an American scout. He travelled the world and had many adventures. He served to the British Army in colonial Africa and for taught scouting to Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the boy scouts.
Burnham attended high school but never graduated. When he was 14 he began his working as a scout and tracker for the U.S. Army. As an adult Burnham went to Africa where this background proved useful. He soon became an officer in the British Army and fought in several battles there. During this time Burnham became friends with Baden-Powell and taught him both his outdoor skills and his spirit for what became known as Scouting.
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- Major Burnham on Pine Tree Web scouting site.
- Frederick Howard Russell Burnham (great grand nephew)
- "The Canadian Anglo Boer War Museum". December 2003. Archived from the original on January 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070104234621/http://www.goldiproductions.com/BoerWar_Museum/Boer90i_pastdis_burnham.html.