|Part of the Middle Eastern Theatre (First World War)|
Gallipoli Campaign, April 1915.
||This article does not have any sources. (October 2011)|
The Gallipoli Campaign[Note 1] was an Allied attack on the Gallipoli peninsula during World War I. The campaign took place between April 25, 1915 and January 9, 1916. The Allies, the British Empire and French forces, were fighting the Ottoman Empire and Germany.
The campaign started with a naval attack along the Dardanelles which failed. On April 25, 1915, Allied forces landed at various location along the Gallipoli peninsula. The British landed at Cape Helles and the ANZACs landed at a place later known as Anzac Cove. However, the Allies did not push on. Instead, they were told to dig trenches and wait for a Turkish attack. There was trench warfare until an evacuation of all Allied troops was finally ordered. The campaign is widely viewed as an Allied failure.
The British historian A. J. P. Taylor wrote this of the Gallipoli campaign: "The Gallipoli expedition was a terrible example of an ingenious strategical idea carried through after inadequate preparation and with inadequate drive."
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led the Turkish defenders, and became a hero to the Turks.
Notes[change | change source]
- It is also known as the Dardanelles Campaign and the Battle of Gallipoli.
References[change | change source]
- Taylor, A. J. P. (1963). The First World War: An Illustrated History. Penguin Books. p. 104.
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