Goliath birdeater spider

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Goliath birdeater spider
Theraphosa blondi, adult female
Conservation status
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Theraphosa
Species: T. blondi
Binomial name
Theraphosa blondi
(Latreille, 1804)
Synonyms
  • T. blondii
  • T. leblondii

The Goliath birdeater spider is one of the largest spiders in the world. It is a tarantula. It lives in burrows in swampy areas of northern South America. It eats insects, rodents, bats, small birds, lizards, frogs, and snakes. The spiders have fangs, but their venom is harmless to people. Hairs on their bodies can irritate human skin. Explorers named the spider when they saw one eating a hummingbird.

The female lays 100 to 200 eggs. The babies hatch in two months. The female spiders sometimes eat their mates. Females can live about 20 years, but males only live 3 to 6 years. These spiders can have a leg span of up to 28 cm (11 in). They can weigh over 170 g (6.0 oz). The spider's living areas are threatened by real estate development.

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