|Born||January 13, 1866
Alexandropol, Russian Empire
|Died||October 29, 1949 (aged 83)
|Main interests||Psychology, philosophy, science, ancient knowledge|
George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (13 January 1866 – 29 October 1949), usually known as Gurdjieff, was an Armenian guru and writer. He was an influential spiritual teacher of the first half of the 20th century. He himself was influenced by Sufi, Zen and Yoga mystics he met on his early travels.
Gurdjieff taught that most people live their entire lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep":
- "Speaking frankly... contemporary man as we know him is nothing more than merely a clockwork mechanism, though of a very complex construction".
- "A modern man lives in sleep, in sleep he is born and in sleep he dies".p66
At different times in his life, Gurdjieff formed and closed various schools around the world to teach the work. He claimed that the teachings he brought to the West came from his own experiences and early travels. The teachings expressed the truth found in ancient religions. They were wisdom teachings relating to self-awareness in people's daily lives, and humanity's place in the universe.
Gurdjieff's writings [change]
- Gurdjieff G.I. 1950. Beelzebub's tales to his grandson: an objectively impartial criticism of the life of man. 3 vols, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. 1973 reprint, E.P. Dutton, N.Y. ISBN 0-525-47348-3
- Gurdjieff G.I. 1957. The struggle of the magicians: scenario of the ballet. Stourton, Capetown. Very limited printing of ten copies.
- Gurdjieff G.I. 1963. Meetings with remarkable men. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. ISBN 0 7100 7032 2. Gurdjieff's own autobiography
- Gurjieff G.I. 1975. Life is only real then, when "I am". Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.
Biographies of Gurdjieff [change]
- Ouspensky P.D. 1950. In search of the miraculous: fragments of an unknown teaching. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. "Substantially, this comprises Gurdjieff's direct speech, which Gurdjieff gratefully acknowledged". Moore's biography p403.
- Ouspensky P.D. 1957. The fourth way: a record of talks and answers to questions based on the teaching of G.I. Gurdjieff. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. ISBN 0-7100-7256-2
- Anderson, Margaret 1962. The unknowable Gurdjieff. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.
- Nott C.S. 1969. Journey through this world: meetings with Gurdjieff, Orage and Ouspensky. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.
- Bennett J.G. 1973. Gurdjieff: making a new world. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. ISBN 0 85500 019 8
- Bennett J.G. 1975. Witness: the autobiography of John Bennett. Turnstone, London. ISBN 0 85500 043 0. Recounts in some detail meetings with Gurdjieff and Ouspensky.
- Moore, James 1991. Gurdjieff: a biography. Element, Shaftesbury, Dorset. ISBN 1-86204-606-9
- Smoley R. & Kinney J. 2006. Hidden wisdom: a guide to the western inner traditions. Wheaton, Illinois: Quest Books. ISBN 978-0-8356-0844-2. Chapter 9 (The way of the sly man: the teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff) is an excellent introduction to Gurddjieff.
There is a 1979 British film, Meetings with Remarkable Men, directed by Peter Brook. It is based on the book of the same name by Gurdjieff. It was shot on location in Afghanistan (except for dance sequences, which were filmed in England). It starred Terence Stamp as Prince Lubovedsky, and Dragan Maksimovic as the adult Gurdjieff. The film was entered into the 29th Berlin International Film Festival and nominated for the Golden Bear prize.
- Gurdjieff G.I. 1963. Meetings with remarkable men. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. ISBN 0-7100-7032-2
- Ouspensky, P.D. (1977). In search of the miraculous. pp. 312–313. ISBN 0-15-644508-5.
- Gurdjieff G.I. 1950. Beelzebub's tales to his grandson: an objectively impartial criticism of the life of man. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, vol 3, p399.
- Nott, C.S. (1961). Teachings of Gurdjieff : a pupil's journal: an account of some years with G.I. Gurdjieff and A.R. Orage in New York and at Fontainbleau-Avon. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London. ISBN 0-7100-8937-6.
- Gurdjieff International Review