Jacques Plante

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Jacques Plante
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1978
Jacques plante.jpg
Born January 17, 1929(1929-01-17)
Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel,
Quebec, Canada
Died February 27, 1986(1986-02-27) (aged 57)
Geneva, Switzerland
Height 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
Weight 175 lb (79 kg; 12 st 7 lb)
Position Goaltender
Caught Left
Played for Montreal Canadiens
New York Rangers
St. Louis Blues
Toronto Maple Leafs
Boston Bruins
Edmonton Oilers (WHA)
Playing career 1952–1975

Joseph Jacques Omer "Jake the Snake" Plante (January 17, 1929February 27, 1986) was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender. He grew up in Shawinigan Falls, Quebec, and began to play hockey in 1932. Plante started to play organized hockey at age 12, and his first professional game was at age 18. He played for the Montreal Canadiens from 1953 to 1963; during this time, the team won the Stanley Cup six times, including five wins in a row.

Plante first retired in 1965, but he was asked to come back to the NHL to play for a new team, the St. Louis Blues, in 1968. Plante was traded to the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1970, and then to the Boston Bruins in 1973. He joined the World Hockey Association, first as coach and general manager for the Quebec Nordiques in 1973–74. After his time with Quebec was not successful, Plante played goal for the Edmonton Oilers in 1974–75. Plante retired for the last time during training camp in the 1975-76 season.

Plante is considered one of the most important inventors in ice hockey. Most importantly, Plante was the first NHL goaltender to always wear mask when playing. With the help of other experts, he made and tested many versions of the goalie mask, including a version of today's mask/helmet combination. Plante was the first goaltender to regularly play the puck outside his crease in support of his team's defencemen, and often instructed his teammates from behind the play, as the goaltender usually has the best view of the game.

Plante was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1978. He was chosen as the goaltender of the Canadiens' "dream team" in 1985. He was inducted into the Quebec Sports Pantheon in 1994. Lastly, the Montreal Canadiens retired Plante's sweater, #1, in 1995.

Plante was the eldest of 11 children. In 1949, he married Jacqueline Gagné; they had two sons, Michel and Richard. In 1970, Plante met his second wife, Raymonde Udrisard, with whom he eventually moved to Switzerland. He died in Geneva, on February 27, 1986, shortly after he had been diagnosed with untreatable stomach cancer. He was buried in Sierre.

Career statistics[change | change source]

Regular season[change | change source]

   
Season Team League GP W L T MIN GA SO GAA
1947–48 Montreal Royals QSHL 2 0 0 2 120 5 0 2.50
1947–48 Quebec Citadelles QSHL 31 18 11 1 1840 87 2 2.84
1948–49 Quebec Citadelles QSHL 64 42 12 10 3840 119 7 1.86
1949–50 Montreal Royals QSHL 58 27 22 9 3480 180 0 3.10
1950–51 Montreal Royals QSHL 60 28 29 3 3670 201 4 3.29
1951–52 Montreal Royals QSHL 60 30 24 6 3560 201 4 3.39
1952–53 Montreal Royals QSHL 29 20 8 1 1760 61 4 2.08
1952–53 Montreal Canadiens NHL 3 2 0 1 180 4 0 1.33
1952–53 Buffalo Bisons AHL 33 13 19 1 2000 114 2 3.42
1953–54 Buffalo Bisons AHL 55 32 17 6 3370 148 3 2.64
1953–54 Montreal Canadiens NHL 17 7 5 5 1020 27 5 1.59
1954–55 Montreal Canadiens NHL 52 31 13 7 3080 110 5 2.14
1955–56 Montreal Canadiens NHL 64 42 12 10 3840 119 7 1.86
1956–57 Montreal Canadiens NHL 61 31 18 12 3660 123 9 2.02
1957–58 Montreal Canadiens NHL 57 34 14 8 3386 119 9 2.11
1958–59 Montreal Canadiens NHL 67 38 16 13 4000 144 9 2.16
1959–60 Montreal Canadiens NHL 69 40 17 12 4140 175 3 2.54
1960–61 Montreal Royals EPHL 8 3 4 1 480 24 0 3.00
1960–61 Montreal Canadiens NHL 40 22 11 7 2400 112 2 2.80
1961–62 Montreal Canadiens NHL 70 42 14 14 4200 166 4 2.37
1962–63 Montreal Canadiens NHL 56 22 14 19 3320 138 5 2.49
1963–64 New York Rangers NHL 65 22 36 7 3900 220 3 3.38
1964–65 New York Rangers NHL 33 10 17 5 1938 109 2 3.37
1964–65 Baltimore Clippers AHL 17 6 9 1 1018 51 1 3.01
1968–69 St. Louis Blues NHL 37 18 12 6 2139 70 5 1.96
1969–70 St. Louis Blues NHL 32 18 9 5 1839 67 5 2.19
1970–71 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 40 24 11 4 2329 73 4 1.88
1971–72 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 34 16 13 5 1965 86 2 2.63
1972–73 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 32 8 14 6 1717 87 1 3.04
1972–73 Boston Bruins NHL 8 7 1 0 480 16 2 2.00
1974–75 Edmonton Oilers WHA 31 15 14 1 1592 88 1 3.32
NHL Career Totals 837 434 247 146 49533 1965 82 2.38
WHA Career Totals 31 15 14 1 1592 88 1 3.32

Post season[change | change source]

   
Season Team League GP W L T MIN GA SO GAA
1947–48 Quebec QJHL 9 4 5 0 545 28 2 3.08
1948–49 Quebec QJHL 13 7 6 0 790 43 0 3.27
1949–50 Montreal Royals QSHL 6  ??  ??  ?? 360 20 0 3.33
1950–51 Montreal Royals QSHL 7 2 5 0 420 26 1 3.71
1951–52 Montreal Royals QSHL 7 3 4 0 420 21 1 3.00
1952–53 Montreal Canadiens NHL 4 3 1 0 240 7 1 1.75
1953–54 Montreal Canadiens NHL 8 5 3 0 480 15 2 1.88
1954–55 Montreal Canadiens NHL 12 6 4 0 640 30 0 2.81
1955–56 Montreal Canadiens NHL 10 8 2 0 600 18 2 1.80
1956–57 Montreal Canadiens NHL 10 8 2 0 616 18 1 1.75
1957–58 Montreal Canadiens NHL 10 8 2 0 618 20 1 1.94
1958–59 Montreal Canadiens NHL 11 8 3 0 670 28 0 2.51
1959–60 Montreal Canadiens NHL 8 8 0 0 489 11 3 1.35
1960–61 Montreal Canadiens NHL 6 2 4 0 412 16 0 2.33
1961–62 Montreal Canadiens NHL 6 2 4 0 360 19 0 3.17
1962–63 Montreal Canadiens NHL 5 1 4 0 300 14 0 2.80
1964–65 Baltimore Clippers AHL 5 2 3 0 315 14 1 2.67
1968–69 St. Louis Blues NHL 10 8 2 0 589 14 3 1.43
1969–70 St. Louis Blues NHL 6 4 1 0 324 8 1 1.48
1970–71 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 3 0 2 0 134 7 0 3.13
1971–72 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 1 0 1 0 60 5 0 5.00
1972–73 Boston Bruins NHL 2 0 2 0 120 10 0 5.00
NHL CAREER TOTALS 112 71 37 0 6652 240 14 2.16

Awards and honours[change | change source]

Award Year/Season
Vezina Trophy 1955–56 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star First Team 1955–56 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1956
Vezina Trophy 1956–57 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star Second Team 1956–57 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1957
Vezina Trophy 1957–58 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star Second Team 1957–58 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1958
Vezina Trophy 1958–59 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star First Team 1958–59 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1959
Vezina Trophy 1959–60 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star Second Team 1959–60 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1960
Hart Memorial Trophy 1961–62 NHL season
Vezina Trophy 1961–62 NHL season
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star First Team 1961–62 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1962
Shared (with Glenn Hall) Vezina Trophy 1968–69 NHL season
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1969
Played in National Hockey League All-Star Game 1970
Selected to National Hockey League All-Star Second Team 1970–71 NHL season
Elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame 1978
Selected to the Canada Sports Hall of Fame 1981

Other pages[change | change source]

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • O'Brien, Andy with Plante, Jacques (1973) The Jacques Plante Story. Toronto: McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-07-092991-2.
  • Plante, Jacques (1972). On goaltending: Fundamentals of hockey netminding by the master of the game. Toronto: Collier MacMillan Canada. ISBN 0-02081-120-9.

References[change | change source]

  • Adrahtas, Tom (2002). Glenn Hall: The Man They Call Mr. Goalie. Vancouver: Greystone Books. ISBN 1-55054-912-X.
  • Fischler, Stan (1994). Goalies: legends from the NHL's toughest job. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson. ISBN 0-07-551822-8.
  • Hornby, Lance (1998). The Story of Maple Leaf Gardens. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Publishing. pp. pg. 55. ISBN 1-58261-015-0.
  • Hunter, Douglas (1998). A Breed Apart: an illustrated history of goaltending. Toronto: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-026984-3.
  • Irvin Jr., Dick (1995). In the crease: Goaltenders look at life in the NHL. Toronto: McLelland and Steward. ISBN 0-771043-619.
  • Irvin Jr., Dick (1991). The Habs: An oral history of the Montreal Canadiens. Toronto: McLelland and Steward. ISBN 0-7710-4356-2.
  • Plante, Jacques (1997). On goaltending: Fundamentals of hockey netminding by the master of the game. Montreal: Robert Davies Multimedia Publishing. ISBN 1-55207-003-4.
  • Plante, Raymond (2001). Jacques Plante: Behind the Mask. Montreal: XYZ Publishing. ISBN 0-9688166-2-2.

Notes[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by
Bernie Geoffrion
Winner of the Hart Trophy
1962
Succeeded by
Gordie Howe
Preceded by
Terry Sawchuk
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960
Succeeded by
Johnny Bower
Preceded by
Johnny Bower
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1962
Succeeded by
Glenn Hall
Preceded by
Rogatien Vachon
and Gump Worsley
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
with Glenn Hall

1969
Succeeded by
Tony Esposito