Jupiter (mythology)

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A statue of Jupiter.

Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter) is the king of the gods in Roman mythology.[1][2][3] He was the god of the sky and thunder. He is known as Zeus in Greek mythology.[1]

Life of Jupiter[change | change source]

Birth[change | change source]

Jupiter was the son of Saturn (Cronos in Greek mythology).[1][2][3] Saturn, who was the previous king of the gods,[1] began to swallow the children that he had with his wife, Ops (Greek equivalent Rhea), when they were born.[1][3] This was because he had been warned that one of his children would overthrow him.[1][3] Saturn swallowed the children Neptune, Pluto, Ceres, Juno and Vesta.[3] When Ops realised that she was pregnant again, she had the baby secretly moved to Crete,[1][3] giving a stone wrapped in swaddling-clothes to Saturn for him to eat.[3] Saturn believed he had eaten Jupiter therefore Jupiter was saved.

Overthrowing Saturn[change | change source]

After Jupiter was raised by his mother, his destiny was to take over his own father, Saturn, as revenge for all he had done to his brothers and sisters in the past. When Jupiter grew up, he made Saturn vomit up all of the children he had swallowed.[3] All the brothers and sisters joined forces and overthrew Saturn.[1][2][3]

Battle of the Titans[change | change source]

Then, with the help of the Cyclopses and the Hundred-handed Giants, they declared war on Saturn and the other Titans.[1][3] Jupiter finally defeated the Titans and they were imprisoned in Tartarus.[1][3]

Dividing the universe[change | change source]

Jupiter and his brothers divided the universe into three parts, Jupiter obtaining the heavens, Neptune the sea and Pluto the underworld. This is how Jupiter became the king of the gods.[1]

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Harvey, Paul (1937). The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. London: Oxford University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Pascal, Paul (1978). "Jupiter". World Book Encyclopedia. World Book-Childcraft International, Inc.. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Souli, Sophia (1998). Greek Mythology. Techni S.A.. ISBN 9605402661.