Kamakura shogunate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Minamoto no Yoritomo's goes to Kyoto at beginning of the Kamakura Shogunate -- woodblock print by Utagawa Sadahide, circa 1860s

The Kamakura shogunate (Japanese: 鎌倉幕府, Kamakura bakufu) was a feudal Japanese feudal military government.[1] The heads of government were the shoguns.[2] The first three were members of the Minamoto clan.[3] The next two were members of the Fujiwara clan.[3] The last six were minor Imperial princes.[1]

These years are known as the Kamakura period. The period takes its name from the city where the Minamoto shoguns lived.[1]

After 1203, the Hōjō clan held the office of Shikken.[4] In effect, the shikken governed in the name of the shoguns.[5]

History[change | change source]

In 1192, Minamoto no Yoritomo and the Minamoto clan established a military government in Kamakura.[1] The shogunate functioned within the framework of the Heian system of Imperial rule.[6]

The Mongols under Kublai Khan attempted to invade Japan.[7] On 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month), Kublai Khan's army landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. The invaders retreated to Korea.[8] This was called Bun'ei War (Bunei no eki).[9] There was a second invasion attempt by Mongol forces in 1281 (Kōan 4). This was called the Kōan War (Kōan no eki).[10] The shogunate prepared to defend against a third invasion, but it did not come. The costs of defense a weakened the shogunate.[11]

In the Siege of Kamakura (鎌倉の戦い?) in 1333 (Genkō 3), forces led by Nitta Yoshisada destroyed the Kamakura shogunate [12]

List of Kamakura shoguns[change | change source]

Grave of Minamoto no Yoritomo
  1. Minamoto no Yoritomo, r. 1192-1199[13]
  2. Minamoto no Yoriie, r. 1202-1203[14]
  3. Minamoto no Sanetomo, r. 1203-1219[15]
  4. Kujō Yoritsune, r. 1226-1244[16]
  5. Kujō Yoritsugu, r. 1244-1252[17]
  6. Prince Munetaka, r. 1252-1266[18]
  7. Prince Koreyasu, r. 1266-1289[19]
  8. Prince Hisaakira, r. 1289-1308[20]
  9. Prince Morikuni, r. 1308-1333[21]
  10. Prince Morinaga, r.1333-1334[22]
  11. Prince Norinaga, r. 1334-1338

List of Kamakura shikken[change | change source]

Site of Hōjō Takatoki's death
  1. Hōjō Tokimasa, r. 1203-1205[23]
  2. Hōjō Yoshitoki, r. 1205-1224[24]
  3. Hōjō Yasutoki, r. 1224-1242[25]
  4. Hōjō Tsunetoki, r. 1242-1246[26]
  5. Hōjō Tokiyori, r. 1246-1256[27]
  6. Hōjō Tokimune, r. 1268-1284[28]
  7. Hōjō Sadatoki, r. 1284-1301[29]
  8. Hōjō Morotoki, r. 1301-1311[30]
  9. Hōjō Takatoki, r. 1316-1326[31]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The flower and bamboo symbol of the Minamoto family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kamakura-jidai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 459.
  2. Nussbaum, "Shogun" at pp. 878-879.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nussbaum, "Minamoto" at pp. 632-633.
  4. Nussbaum, "Hōjō" at pp. 339-340.
  5. Nussbaum, "Shikken" at p. 857.
  6. Mass, Jeffrey P. (1996). "The Kamakura Bakufu" in Warrior Rule in Japan (Marius Jansen, ed.), p. 1.
  7. Turnbull, Stephen R. (1987). Samurai Warriors, p. 38; Turnbull, (1966). Samurai Warfare, p. 98-99
  8. Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
  9. Nussbaum, "Bun'ei no eki" at p. 90.
  10. Nussbaum, "Kōan no Eki" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 535.
  11. Murdoch, James. (1964). A History of Japan, Vol. I, p. 511-513, 525.
  12. McCullough, Helen Craig. (1959). The Taiheiki: A Chronicle of Medieval Japan, pp. 285-311.
  13. Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Yoritomo" at p. 635.
  14. Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Yoriie" at p. 635.
  15. Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Yoritomo" at pp. 633-634.
  16. Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Yoritsune" at p. 212; "Kujō Yoritsune" at p. 571 linking "Hōjō Masako" at p. 340
  17. Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Yoritsugu" at p. 212.
  18. Nussbaum, "Munetaka Shinnō" at p. 666.
  19. Nussbaum, "Koreyasu Shinnō" at p. 561.
  20. Nussbaum, "Hisaakira Shinnō" at p. 321.
  21. Nussbaum, "Morikuni Shinnō" at p. 660.
  22. Nussbaum, "Morinaga Shinnō" at p. 660.
  23. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokimasa" at p. 340.
  24. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Yoshitoki" at p. 341.
  25. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Yasutoki" at p. 341.
  26. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tsunetoki" at p. 341.
  27. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokiyori" at p. 341.
  28. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokimune" at p. 341.
  29. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Sadatoki" at p. 340.
  30. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Morotoki" at p. 340.
  31. Nussbaum, "Hōjō Takatoki" at p. 340.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Kamakura shogunate at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 35°19′N 139°33′E / 35.317°N 139.55°E / 35.317; 139.55