List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Vietnam War

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The Vietnam War, (also known as the Second Indochina War, Vietnam Conflict, and in Vietnam as the American War), took place from 1965 to 1973. The war was fought between the Communist-supported Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the United States-supported Republic of Vietnam. It concluded with the defeat and failure of the United States foreign policy in Vietnam.[1]

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War. It is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipients must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal it is commonly presented after the recipient has been killed (posthumously).[2]

During the Vietnam War 248 Medals of Honor were received of which 156 of them were presented posthumously. Soldiers of the Army received the most with 161. Fifty seven went to the Marines and 16 to the Navy. The remaining 14 went to the Air Force.[3] The first medal of the war was presented to Roger Donlon for rescuing and administering first aid to several wounded soldiers and leading a group against an enemy force.[4] The first African American recipient of the war was Milton L. Olive, III who sacrificed himself to save others by smothering a grenade with his body.[5] Riley L. Pitts was killed after attacking an enemy force with rifle fire and grenades and was the first African American commissioned officer of the war to receive the medal.[6] Thomas Bennett was a conscientious objector who received the medal for his actions as a medic;[7] three chaplains received the medal, including Vincent R. Capodanno, who served with the Marine Corps and was known as the Grunt padre.[8]

Recipients[change | change source]

      Lavender background and   indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

Image Name Service Rank Place of action Date of action Notes[9][10]
Adams, William E.William E. Adams  Army Major Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01971-05-25 May 25 1971 Killed while flying his helicopter in a rescue mission
Albanese, LewisLewis Albanese  Army Private First Class Republic of Vietnam 01966-12-01 December 1 1966 After participating in the defeat of an enemy assault he was killed in hand-to-hand combat
Head of a young black man wearing a dark military jacket and a white peaked cap with a black visor. Anderson, Jr., JamesJames Anderson, Jr.  Marine Corps Private First Class Near Cam Lo, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-28 February 28 1967 For covering an enemy grenade with his body to protect fellow Marines
Head and shoulders of a young white man with a cleft chin wearing a dark military jacket and a white peaked cap with a black visor. Anderson, Richard A.Richard A. Anderson  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-08-24 August 24 1969 For covering an enemy grenade with his body to protect fellow Marines on a recon mission.
Anderson, WebsterWebster Anderson Army Staff Sergeant Tam Kỳ, Republic of Vietnam 01967-10-15 October 15 1967 Although wounded multiple times he continued to fight and refused medical aid until the enemy attack was over
Ashley, Jr., EugeneEugene Ashley, Jr.  Army Sergeant First Class Lang Vei—South Vietnamnear Lang Vei, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-06 February 6 1968 – 01968-02-07 February 7 1968 Risked his life attempting to save the lives of his entrapped comrades and commanding officer
Head of a young black man staring intently at the camera, wearing a dark military jacket and a white peaked cap with a black visor. Austin, Oscar P.Oscar P. Austin  Marine Corps Private First Class Da Nang—South Vietnamwest of Da Nang, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-23 February 23 1969 Threw himself between enemy fire and an injured fellow Marine
Baca, John P.John P. Baca Army Specialist Four Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-02-10 February 10 1970 Covered a grenade with his helmet and body, saving eight men
Bacon, Nicky D.Nicky D. Bacon Army Staff Sergeant Tam Ky—South Vietnamwest of Tam Kỳ, Republic of Vietnam 01968-08-26 August 26 1968 Risked his life by repeatedly leading groups of men in fighting back an enemy attack
Baker, Jr., John F.John F. Baker, Jr. Army Private First Class Republic of Vietnam 01966-11-05 November 5 1966 He was directly responsible for saving the lives of several of his comrades, and inflicting serious damage on the enemy.
Ballard, Donald E.Donald E. Ballard Navy Hospital Corpsman Second Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-16 May 16 1968 Risked his life by smothering a grenade with his own body
Head and shoulders of a young white man wearing a white peaked cap with a black visor and a dark military jacket with bright buttons down the center. Barker, Jedh C.Jedh C. Barker  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Con Thien—South Vietnamnear Con Thien, Republic of Vietnam 01967-09-21 September 21 1967 Threw himself on a grenade to save fellow Marines
Barnes, III, John A.John A. Barnes, III  Army Private First Class Đắk Tô, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-12 November 12 1967 Sacrificed his life by throwing himself directly onto a hand grenade as it exploded.
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged white man wearing a white peaked cap with oak leaf decorations on the visor and a dark military jacket with two rows of medals hanging from ribbons pinned to his chest and another medal hanging from his neck. Barnum, Jr., Harvey C.Harvey C. Barnum, Jr. Marine Corps First Lieutenant Ky Phu, Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01965-12-18 December 18 1965 Assumed command of a rifle company upon death of the commander in an ambush, directed the counterattack
Beikirch, Gary B.Gary B. Beikirch Army Sergeant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-04-01 April 1 1970 Endured hostile gunfire and serious injuries to save several wounded soldiers
SGT Ted Belcher, Medal of Honor recipient.jpg Belcher, TedTed Belcher  Army Sergeant Plei Djerang, Republic of Vietnam 01966-11-19 November 19 1966 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Bellrichard, Leslie A.Leslie A. Bellrichard  Army Private First Class Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-20 May 20 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Benavidez, Roy P.Roy P. Benavidez Army Staff Sergeant Loc Ninh—South Vietnamwest of Lộc Ninh, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-02 May 2 1968 For a series of daring and valorous actions despite severe wounds
Head of a young white man with thick hair wearing a dark military jacket with a "U.S." pin on the lapel. Bennett, Steven L.Steven L. Bennett  Air Force Captain Quang Tri, Republic of Vietnam 01972-06-29 June 29 1972 Sacrificed his life to save the life of his passenger
Bennett, Thomas W.Thomas W. Bennett  Army Corporal Chu Pa Region, Pleiku Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-09 February 9 1969 – 01969-02-11 February 11 1969 For saving many lives as a medic during a number of vicious firefights. Second conscientious objector to receive the Medal of Honor.
Blanchfield, Michael R.Michael R. Blanchfield  Army Specialist Four Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-07-03 July 3 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Head and shoulders of a young white man wearing a dark peaked cap and a dark military jacket over a shirt and tie. On the collar of the shirt is a bar-shaped pin. Bobo, John P.John P. Bobo  Marine Corps Second Lieutenant Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-30 March 30 1967 Held his position in the face of enemy ambush despite having his lower leg blown off allowing the remainder of his outnumbered unit to move to safety
Bondsteel, James L.James L. Bondsteel Army Staff Sergeant An Loc, Bình Phước Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-05-24 May 24 1969 He destroyed 10 enemy bunkers and accounted for a large toll of the enemy, including two key enemy commanders
Bowen, Jr., Hammett L.Hammett L. Bowen, Jr.  Army Staff Sergeant Binh Duong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-06-27 June 27 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Brady, Patrick H.Patrick H. Brady Army Major Chu Lai—South Vietnamnear Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-06 January 6 1968 Flew multiple missions against heavy fire to evacuate 51 wounded men
Bruce, Daniel D.Daniel D. Bruce  Marine Corps Private First Class Fire Support Base Tomahawk, Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-01 March 1 1969 Carried an explosive device away from three other Marines
Bryant, William M.William M. Bryant  Army Sergeant First Class Long Khánh District, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-24 March 24 1969 Showed conspicuous leadership while organizing his unit's defense during a 34-hour enemy attack
Bucha in 2011 Bucha, Paul W.Paul W. Bucha Army Captain Phuoc Vinh—Binh Duong Province—South Vietnamnear Phuoc Vinh, Binh Duong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-03-16 March 16 1968 – 01968-03-19 March 19 1968 Led his company in the decimation of a superior enemy force which left 156 dead on the battlefield
Buker, Brian L.Brian L. Buker  Army Sergeant Chau Doc Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-04-05 April 5 1970 Sacrificed his life to lead his men against the enemy and personally destroyed two enemy bunkers with hand grenades
Burke, Robert C.Robert C. Burke  Marine Corps Private First Class southern Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-17 May 17 1968 After his unit was ambushed, he assaulted the enemy forces, allowing the remainder of the unit to recover wounded and continue their advance
Head and shoulders of a white man with short hair neatly combed, wearing a dark suit coat and tie. Capodanno, Vincent R.Vincent R. Capodanno  Navy Lieutenant Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-09-04 September 4 1967 A Chaplain who was killed while attempting to rescue a wounded corpsman
Caron, Wayne M.Wayne M. Caron  Navy Hospital Corpsman Third Class Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-07-28 July 28 1968 Was killed while providing medical attention to several wounded Marines
Carter, Bruce W.Bruce W. Carter  Marine Corps Private First Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-08-07 August 7 1969 Sacrificed his life to save several Marines by smothering a grenade with his body
Head and shoulders of a man with gray hair, a full gray beard, and tinted glasses in a tuxedo. A medal, hanging from a blue ribbon around his neck, sits just below his bow tie. Cavaiani, Jon R.Jon R. Cavaiani Army Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01971-06-04 June 4 1971 – 01971-06-05 June 5 1971 Risked his life by attacking a wave of enemy forces alone to allow the rest of his platoon to escape
Clausen, Jr., Raymond M.Raymond M. Clausen, Jr. Marine Corps Private First Class Republic of Vietnam 01970-01-31 January 31 1970 Risked his life to rescue several Marines and corpsman from a minefield
Coker, Ronald L.Ronald L. Coker  Marine Corps Private First Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-24 March 24 1969 For assaulting an enemy position and aiding a fallen Marine despite severe wounds to himself
Connor, Peter S.Peter S. Connor  Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01966-02-25 February 25 1966 For absorbing the blast of a malfunctioning grenade in order to protect his fellow Marines
Cook, Donald G.Donald G. Cook  Marine Corps Captain Republic of Vietnam 01964-12-31 December 31 1964 – 01967-12-08 December 8 1967 For assisting fellow prisoners while a prisoner of war
Head and shoulders of a dark-haired white man wearing a dark military jacket with four rows of ribbon bars and a winged pin on the left breast. Crandall, Bruce P.Bruce P. Crandall Army Major Battle of Ia Drang 01965-11-14 November 14 1965 For repeatedly flying into a landing zone under intense enemy fire to rescue and resupply ground troops
Creek, Thomas E.Thomas E. Creek  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Cam Lo—South Vietnamnear Cam Lộ, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-13 February 13 1969 Sacrificed his life to save five Marines by smothering a grenade with his body
Crescenz, Michael J.Michael J. Crescenz  Army Corporal Hiệp Đức Valley area, Republic of Vietnam 01968-11-20 November 20 1968 For single-handedly destroying two bunkers while under fire from a third machine gun during an ambush
Cutinha, Nicholas J.Nicholas J. Cutinha  Army Specialist Four Gia Dinh—South Vietnamnear Gia Dinh, Republic of Vietnam 01968-03-02 March 2 1968 Maintained his position, refused assistance, and provided defensive fire for his comrades until he fell mortally wounded. He was solely responsible for killing 15 enemy soldiers while saving the lives of at least nine members of his own unit.
Head and shoulders of a young man with thick-framed glasses in military uniform. He is wearing a peaked cap and a military jacket with a "US" pin on the lapel over a shirt and dark tie Dahl, Larry G.Larry G. Dahl  Army Specialist Four An Khê, Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01971-02-23 February 23 1971 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Head of a young black man looking off to the side, wearing a white peaked cap with black visor and dark military jacket. Davis, Rodney M.Rodney M. Davis  Marine Corps Sergeant Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-09-06 September 6 1967 Sacrificed his life to save several of his fellow Marines by smothering a grenade with his body
A white man with thick hair and a closely trimmed beard standing with his hands crossed in front of him. He is wearing a suit coat with a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck. Davis, Sammy L.Sammy L. Davis Army Private First Class Cai Lay—South VietnamWest of Cai Lay, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-18 November 18 1967 For defending his 42-man unit from hundreds of attacking Viet Cong
Head and shoulders of an older white man with glasses, wearing a white military jacket with a very large array of ribbon bars on the left breast and two medals hanging from ribbons around his neck. Day, George E.George E. Day Air Force Major North Vietnam 01967-08-26 August 26 1967 For actions as a prisoner of war from August 26, 1967–March 4, 1973
De La Garza, Jr., Emilio A.Emilio A. De La Garza, Jr.  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Da Nang—South Vietnamnear Da Nang, Republic of Vietnam 01970-04-11 April 11 1970 Sacrificed his life and saved several Marines by blocking them from the blast of a grenade
Head and shoulders of a man with short hair and a round face in a dark blue military jacket. Rows of ribbon bars and a winged pin are on his left breast and a medal hangs from a light blue ribbon around his neck. Dethlefsen, Merlyn H.Merlyn H. Dethlefsen Air Force Captain North Vietnamover North Vietnam 01967-03-10 March 10 1967 Flew repeated close range strikes to silence enemy defensive positions, ignoring overwhelming firepower and damage to his own aircraft
DeVore, Jr., Edward A.Edward A. DeVore, Jr.  Army Specialist Four Saigon—South Vietnamnear Saigon, Republic of Vietnam 01968-03-17 March 17 1968 Sacrificed his life to draw the enemy fire upon himself allowing a trapped squad to rejoin their platoon
Dias, Ralph E.Ralph E. Dias  Marine Corps Private First Class Quế Sơn Mountains, Republic of Vietnam 01969-11-12 November 12 1969 Although severely wounded multiple times by enemy fire he continued to throw grenades at an enemy bunker until it was destroyed and he was killed by enemy gunfire.
Dickey, Douglas E.Douglas E. Dickey  Marine Corps Private First Class Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-26 March 26 1967 Sacrificed his life to save several fellow Marines by diving on a grenade and absorbing the explosion with his body
Profile of a white man with a full, gray beard wearing a star-shaped medal from a blue ribbon around his neck. Dix, Drew D.Drew D. Dix Army Staff Sergeant Chau Doc Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-31 January 31 1968 – 01968-02-01 February 1 1968 His actions resulted in 14 confirmed Viet Cong killed in action and possibly 25 more, the capture of 20 prisoners, 15 weapons, and the rescue of the 14 United States and free world civilians
Doane, Stephen H.Stephen H. Doane  Army First Lieutenant Hậu Nghĩa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-25 March 25 1969 Although already wounded, he sacrificed his life to save other soldiers who were pinned down by silencing two enemy gun emplacements and diving into a third with a grenade.
Dolby, David C.David C. Dolby Army Specialist Four Republic of Vietnam 01966-05-21 May 21 1966 For silencing three enemy positions and rescuing several wounded comrades
Head and shoulders of a white man with short hair, wearing a military jacket with a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck. Donlon, Roger H. C.Roger H. C. Donlon Army Captain Nam Dong—South Vietnamnear Nam Dong, Republic of Vietnam 01964-07-06 July 6 1964 Rescued and administered first aid to several wounded soldiers and led a group to defeat an enemy force causing them to retreat leaving behind 54 of their dead, many weapons, and grenades.
Dunagan, Kern W.Kern W. Dunagan Army Captain Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-05-13 May 13 1969 Although wounded he directed fire onto enemy positions and rescued several wounded soldiers
Durham, Jr., Harold BascomHarold Bascom Durham, Jr.  Army Second Lieutenant Republic of Vietnam 01967-10-17 October 17 1967 Although wounded he directed fire on enemy positions and continued to fight until he died from his wounds
Head and shoulders of a young white man wearing a garrison cap with a large badge on the left side and a military jacket with a braided shoulder cord and several patches and pins on the lapels, shoulders, and chest. English, Jr., Glenn H.Glenn H. English, Jr.  Army Staff Sergeant Phù Mỹ District, Republic of Vietnam 01970-09-07 September 7 1970 Was killed while attempting to rescue a wounded soldier from a personnel carrier
Estocin, Michael J.Michael J. Estocin  Navy Lieutenant Commander Hai Phong, North Vietnam 01967-04-20 April 20 1967 and 01967-04-26 April 26 1967 Risked his life by attacking an enemy SAM site and other enemy targets multiple times
Ethcberger.jpg Etchberger, RichardRichard Etchberger  Air Force Chief Master Sergeant Lima Site 85, Laos 01968-03-11 March 11 1968 Exposed himself to enemy fire in order to place his three surviving wounded comrades in rescue slings permitting them to be airlifted to safety. It took an act of Congress for Etchberger to be reconsidered for this 2010 Medal of Honor, since the existence of Lima Site 85 had to be kept secret in 1968.
Evans, Jr., Donald W.Donald W. Evans, Jr.  Army Specialist Four Tam Tri, Republic of Vietnam 01967-01-27 January 27 1967 Evans Army Community Hospital, Ft Carson, was named after Evans. Was a medic who was killed while treating and rescuing members of his unit.
Evans, Rodney J.Rodney J. Evans  Army Sergeant Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-07-18 July 18 1969 Killed protecting others during an ambush
Head of a man with short, dark hair wearing a formal military uniform. Rows of ribbon bars and a winged pin are on his left breast, and a medal hangs from a light blue ribbon around his neck. Ferguson, Frederick E.Frederick E. Ferguson Army Chief Warrant Officer Huế, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-31 January 31 1968 Risked his life by flying his helicopter into heavy enemy fire to evacuate several wounded passengers and aircrew of a downed helicopter
Fernandez, DanielDaniel Fernandez  Army Specialist Four Củ Chi, Hậu Nghĩa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01966-02-18 February 18 1966 Threw himself on an enemy grenade as it exploded, saving the lives of four comrades at the sacrifice of his life
Head and shoulders of a white man with a half-smile and short hair, wearing a military jacket with rows of ribbon bars on the left breast and a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck. A depiction of the same medal, gold with a blue ribbon, is in the upper left of the image. Fisher, Bernard F.Bernard F. Fisher Air Force Major Biên Hòa and Pleiku, Vietnam 01966-03-10 March 10 1966 For rescuing a downed airman despite heavy fire
Fitzmaurice, Michael J.Michael J. Fitzmaurice Army Specialist Four Khe Sanh, Republic of Vietnam 01971-03-23 March 23 1971 For absorbing an explosive charge and continuing to fight with weapons and hand to hand before successfully defending a bunker.
Fleek, Charles C.Charles C. Fleek  Army Sergeant Binh Duong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-05-27 May 27 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Fleming, James P.James P. Fleming Air Force First Lieutenant Duc Co—South Vietnamnear Duc Co, Republic of Vietnam 01968-11-26 November 26 1968 For the rescue of a six-man special forces unit
Portrait of a middle-aged white man in a formal military uniform in front of a U.S. flag Foley, Robert F.Robert F. Foley Army Captain Quan Dau Tieng—South Vietnamnear Quan Dau Tieng, Republic of Vietnam 01966-11-05 November 5 1966 Despite his painful wounds he refused medical aid and persevered in the forefront of the attack on the enemy redoubt. He led the assault on several enemy gun emplacements and, single-handedly, destroyed three such positions.
Folland, Michael F.Michael F. Folland  Army Corporal Long Khánh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-07-03 July 3 1969 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
Foster, Paul H.Paul H. Foster  Marine Corps Sergeant Con Thien—South Vietnamnear Con Thien, Republic of Vietnam 01967-10-14 October 14 1967 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
Fournet, Douglas B.Douglas B. Fournet  Army First Lieutenant A Shau Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-04 May 4 1968 Sacrificed his life in an attempt to defuse a claymore mine
Fous, James W.James W. Fous  Army Private First Class Kien Hoa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-14 May 14 1968 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Head and shoulders of a white man wearing a white peaked cap and a dark military jacket with ribbon bars on the right breast, two rows of medals hanging from ribbons on the left breast, and a star-shaped medal hanging from a light-blue ribbon at the neck. Behind him are an American flag and a red and yellow flag. Fox, Wesley L.Wesley L. Fox Marine Corps First Lieutenant Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-22 February 22 1969 Although wounded he directed fire on the enemy and led his platoon to drive the enemy back
Fratellenico, Frank R.Frank R. Fratellenico  Army Corporal Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-08-19 August 19 1970 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him.
Profiles of two men shaking hands. The man on the right, wearing a dark suit, has his left hand on the other man's shoulder. The man on the left is taller and wearing glasses, a military jacket, and a light-blue ribbon around his neck. Freeman, EdEd Freeman Army Captain Ia Drang Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01965-11-14 November 14 1965 For gallantry conducted as a UH–1 Huey pilot at LZ X–Ray
Fritz, Harold A.Harold A. Fritz Army First Lieutenant Binh Long Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-01-11 January 11 1969 Despite his wounds he returned to his position, assisted his men, and refused medical attention until all of his wounded comrades had been treated and evacuated
Gardner, James A.James A. Gardner  Army First Lieutenant My Canh, Vietnam 01966-02-07 February 7 1966 Sacrificed his life by single-handedly destroying several enemy gun positions until he was killed
Gertsch, John G.John G. Gertsch  Army Staff Sergeant A Shau Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01969-07-15 July 15 1969 – 01969-07-19 July 19 1969 For providing covering fire for a medic working on a wounded soldier
Gonzalez, Alfredo C.Alfredo C. Gonzalez  Marine Corps Sergeant Thua Thien—Hue—South Vietnamnear Thua Thien, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-04 February 4 1968 Although seriously wounded he destroyed an enemy bunker and fought back an enemy attack until he was killed
Graham, James A.James A. Graham  Marine Corps Captain Republic of Vietnam 01967-06-02 June 2 1967 After fighting off the enemy he sacrificed his life allowing the rest of his company to return to friendly lines while he remained alone with an injured soldier who could not be moved due to his wounds.
Grandstaff, Bruce A.Bruce A. Grandstaff  Army Platoon Sergeant Pleiku Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-18 May 18 1967 Fought off an enemy attack until killed by an enemy rocket
Grant, Joseph X.Joseph X. Grant  Army First Lieutenant Republic of Vietnam 01966-11-13 November 13 1966 Killed by enemy mortar fire while attempting to rescue several injured Marines
Graves, Terrence C.Terrence C. Graves  Marine Corps Second Lieutenant Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-16 February 16 1968 For courageous leadership on an eight man Marine recon patrol
Guenette, Peter M.Peter M. Guenette  Army Specialist Four Quan Tan Uyen Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-18 May 18 1968 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
A black and white image of Hagemeister wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons and badges without a hat. Hagemeister, Charles C.Charles C. Hagemeister Army Specialist Four Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-20 March 20 1967 Risked his life to render medical aid to several injured soldiers and protected them until they could be evacuated
Hagen, Loren D.Loren D. Hagen  Army First Lieutenant A Shau Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01971-08-07 August 7 1971 For attempting to aid a critically wounded Special reconnaissance team member Bruce Allen Berg during a massive North Vietnamese Army assault.
Hartsock, Robert W.Robert W. Hartsock  Army Staff Sergeant Hậu Nghĩa, Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-23 February 23 1969 For smothering an explosion with his body to protect those around him
Harvey, Jr., Carmel B.Carmel B. Harvey, Jr.  Army Specialist Four Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-06-21 June 21 1967 Sacrificed his life and attacked a group of enemy soldiers so that several injured members of his squad could escape
Herda, Frank A.Frank A. Herda Army Private First Class Dak To—Quang Trang Province—South Vietnamnear Đắk Tô, Quang Trang Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-06-29 June 29 1968 Risked his life to protect several wounded soldiers by smothering a grenade with his body
Hibbs, Robert J.Robert J. Hibbs  Army Second Lieutenant Don Dien Lo Ke, Republic of Vietnam 01966-03-05 March 5 1966 Sacrificed his life to eliminate two companies of the enemy, rescue a fellow soldier and destroyed the starlight scope attached to his rifle to prevent its capture and use by the Viet Cong.
Head and torso of a smiling young man standing in front of a wooden staircase, wearing a short-sleeved military shirt with shoulder cords and a garrison cap. Holcomb, John N.John N. Holcomb  Army Sergeant Quan Loi—South Vietnamnear Quan Loi, Republic of Vietnam 01968-12-03 December 3 1968 Risked his life to lead his men to fight back an attacking enemy force three times
A black and white image of Hooper wearing his army dress uniform with tie and no hat. He is turned slightly to the left. Hooper, Joe R.Joe R. Hooper Army Sergeant Hue—South Vietnamnear Huế, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-21 February 21 1968 Repeatedly risked his life to rescue wounded soldiers and attack groups of enemy soldiers, clearing multiple bunkers and houses sometimes single-handed. Refused medical treatment or evacuation until after action and his men were settled. Most decorated soldier during Vietnam War. Arguably the most decorated U.S. Army soldier in history (counting only U.S. citations).
Hosking, Jr., Charles E.Charles E. Hosking, Jr.  Army Sergeant First Class Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-21 March 21 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
A black and white image of Howard wearing his dress blue uniform with medals and no hat. His Medal of honor can be seen around his neck and he is turned slightly to the left. Howard, Jimmie E.Jimmie E. Howard Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-06-16 June 16 1966 Repeateadly repulsed enemy attacks and although severely wounded was able maintain control of his unit until help could arrive
A black-and-white photo of older balding white man in his dress military uniform without a hat Howard, Robert L.Robert L. Howard Army Sergeant First Class Republic of Vietnam 01968-12-30 December 30 1968 For actions during a rescue mission in enemy territory
Howe, James D.James D. Howe  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Republic of Vietnam 01970-05-06 May 6 1970 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Ingalls, George A.George A. Ingalls  Army Specialist Four Duc Pho—South Vietnamnear Duc Pho, Republic of Vietnam 01967-04-16 April 16 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
A smiling young man in military uniform, crouching with his forearms resting on his legs. His soft cap is pushed high up on his forehead and his dog tags hang out of his short-sleeved button shirt. Ingram, Robert R.Robert R. Ingram Navy Hospital Corpsman Third Class Quảng Ngãi Province, Republic of Vietnam 01966-03-28 March 28 1966 Although badly wounded he continued to assist and treat the injuries of the Marines around him who had been hurt in combat with the enemy
Jackson, Joe M.Joe M. Jackson Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Kham Duc, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-12 May 12 1968 For a daring airborne rescue of American special forces troops
A color photo of an older white man in a leather jacket with a large American flag in the background. He is looking down toward the ground and is holding a microphone. Jacobs, Jack H.Jack H. Jacobs Army First Lieutenant Kien Phong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-03-09 March 9 1968 Drove off squads of enemy soldiers on three occasions who were searching for allied wounded and weapons. He killed three and wounding several others
Jenkins, Don J.Don J. Jenkins Army Private First Class Kien Phong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-01-06 January 6 1969 Repeatedly attacked the enemy and although severely wounded risked his life to rescue several wounded soldiers
Jenkins, Jr., Robert H.Robert H. Jenkins, Jr.  Marine Corps Private First Class Fire Support Base Argonne, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-05 March 5 1969 For using his body to shield a fellow Marine from a grenade blast
Jennings, Delbert O.Delbert O. Jennings Army Staff Sergeant Kim Song Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01966-12-27 December 27 1966 Repeatedly attacked and defended his unit from enemy fire and assisted 8 wounded men who were trapped behind enemy lines
A black and white headshot of Jiminez wearing his military dress blue uniform with hat. He is looking slightly to the right. Jimenez, Jose F.Jose F. Jimenez  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-08-28 August 28 1969 Killed while attacking a group of enemy soldiers
Joel, LawrenceLawrence Joel Army Specialist Five Republic of Vietnam 01965-11-08 November 8 1965 Provided medical treatment to fellow soldiers while under heavy fire, despite being wounded twice, during Operation Hump
Johnson, Dwight H.Dwight H. Johnson Army Specialist Five Dak to—Kontum Province—South Vietnamnear Đắk Tô, Kontum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-15 January 15 1968 Repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to man several different machine-guns until the enemy had been fought back
Johnson, Ralph H.Ralph H. Johnson  Marine Corps Private First Class Quan Duc Valley—South Vietnamnear the Quan Duc Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01968-03-05 March 5 1968 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Johnston, Donald R.Donald R. Johnston  Army Specialist Four Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-21 March 21 1969 For smothering explosive blasts with his body to protect those around him
Jones, III, William A.William A. Jones, III  Air Force Colonel Dong Hoi—North Vietnamnear Đồng Hới, North Vietnam 01968-09-01 September 1 1968 Risked his life to fly his heavily damaged plane back to base to relay the location of a downed pilot
Karopczyc, Stephen E.Stephen E. Karopczyc  Army First Lieutenant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-12 March 12 1967 Sacrificed his life to save other soldiers by smothering a grenade with his body
Head and shoulders of a young man wearing a peaked cap, black thick-rimmed glasses, and a military jacket with a round pin on each lapel over a shirt and tie. Kawamura, Terry T.Terry T. Kawamura  Army Corporal Camp Radcliff, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-20 March 20 1969 For smothering an explosive blast with his body to protect those around him
Kays, Kenneth M.Kenneth M. Kays Army Private Thua Thien Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-05-07 May 7 1970 Risked his life to assist several fallen comrades and although injured in the attempt was able to administer first aid to himself and several of the wounded and helped them to safety.
Kedenburg, John J.John J. Kedenburg  Army Specialist Five Republic of Vietnam 01968-06-13 June 13 1968 For letting a Vietnamese soldier take his spot in a helicopter rescue, while he stayed behind to attempt to hold off advancing Viet Cong by which he was overrun.
A black and white image showing the Keith from the waist up wearing his military dress uniform with hat. Keith, MiguelMiguel Keith  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Quảng Ngãi Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-05-08 May 8 1970 Sacrificed his life to single-handedly eliminate a group of enemy soldiers
Head and shoulders of a white man with wild white hair and a full beard wearing a dark suit with a star-shaped medal hanging from a blue ribbon around his neck. Keller, Leonard B.Leonard B. Keller Army Sergeant Ap Bac Zone, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-02 May 2 1967 Assaulted an enemy platoon with another soldier preventing further casualties
Kelley, Thomas G.Thomas G. Kelley Navy Lieutenant Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-06-15 June 15 1969 Successfully relayed commands through one of his men until an enemy attack was silenced and the boats he was leading were able to move to safety
A black and white image of Kellogg from the chest up wearing his military dress blue uniform with medals. There is an American flag and a Marine Corps flag behind him and his Medal of Honor is around his neck. Kellogg, Allan J.Allan J. Kellogg Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-03-11 March 11 1970 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
A color image of Kerrey from the waist up wearing a suit and tie. He is smiling at the camera and there is a book shelf with books behind him. Kerrey, J. RobertJ. Robert Kerrey Navy Lieutenant, Junior Grade Nha Trang Bay—South Vietnamnear Nha Trang Bay, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-14 March 14 1969 Led his SEAL team on a mission to capture important members of the enemy and although seriously injured in the battle they eliminated an enemy force and took several prisoners. Later became a U.S. Senator.
Kinsman, Thomas J.Thomas J. Kinsman Army Private First Class Vinh Long—South Vietnamnear Vĩnh Long, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-06 February 6 1968 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Lambers, Paul R.Paul R. Lambers Army Sergeant Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-08-20 August 20 1968 For taking command of his platoon and exposing himself to enemy fire to reestablish communication, tend to wounded men, and continued fighting
Lang, George C.George C. Lang Army Specialist Four Kien Hoa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-22 February 22 1969 For destroying three enemy bunkers with grenades and rifle fire, helping to secure an enemy supply cache and directing his men after being seriously wounded.
Langhorn, Garfield M.Garfield M. Langhorn  Army Private First Class Pleiku Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-01-15 January 15 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Lapointe Jr, Joseph G.Joseph G. Lapointe Jr  Army Specialist Four Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-06-02 June 2 1969 Sacrificed his life by using his own body as a shield in an attempt to save a wounded soldier
Lassen, Clyde E.Clyde E. Lassen Navy Lieutenant, Junior Grade Republic of Vietnam 01968-06-19 June 19 1968 For the rescue of two downed naval aviators
Lauffer, Billy L.Billy L. Lauffer  Army Private First Class Bong Son—Binh Dinh Province—South Vietnamnear Bong Son, Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01966-09-21 September 21 1966 Rushed an enemy machine gun to distract the enemy so that his wounded comrades could be moved to safety
Law, Robert D.Robert D. Law  Army Specialist Four Phước Thành Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-22 February 22 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
A black and white image of Lee from the waist up in his military dress blue uniform with medals and hat. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Lee, Howard V.Howard V. Lee Marine Corps Captain Cam Lo—South Vietnamnear Cam Lo, Republic of Vietnam 01966-08-08 August 8 1966 – 01966-08-09 August 9 1966 Volunteered to reinforce squad of Marines who were under heavy fire. He assumed command and directed the defense of their position and despite being wounded by a grenade, he continued to direct them, saving many lives.
Lee, Milton A.Milton A. Lee  Army Private First Class Phu Bai—Thua Thien Province—South Vietnamnear Phu Bai, Thua Thien Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-04-26 April 26 1968 Exposed himself to enemy fire and overran an enemy squad continuing to provide cover fire until the lead element had overrun a second enemy squad and he fell mortally wounded.
Leisy, Robert R.Robert R. Leisy  Army Second Lieutenant Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-12-02 December 2 1969 Sacrificed his life to shield another soldier from a rocket blast, absorbing the full blast with his body. He continued to direct his men and refused treatment until his men were taken care of.
Lemon, Peter C.Peter C. Lemon Army Specialist Four Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-04-01 April 1 1970 The only Canadian recipient since World War II, and one of only four since 1900. He received it for exposing himself to enemy gunfire multiple times. While wounded he secured a machine gun and fired on the enemy refusing evacuation until his injured comrades were taken.
Leonard, MatthewMatthew Leonard  Army Platoon Sergeant Suoi Da—South Vietnamnear Suoi Da, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-28 February 28 1967 After being shot in the hand by a sniper he exposed himself to enemy gunfire and charged a machine gun, killing the enemy there. He was shot multiple times and propped himself up against a tree and continued to fire until he succumbed to his injuries.
A color image of Levitow wearing his dress military uniform with ribbons and no hat. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Levitow, John L.John L. Levitow Air Force Airman First Class Long Binh Army post, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-24 February 24 1969 For diving on top of a flare, to eject it from an aircraft, saving it and entire crew on board
Liteky, Angelo J.Angelo J. Liteky Army Captain Phuoc—Lac—Bien Hoa Province—South Vietnamnear Phuoc-Lac, Biên Hòa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-12-06 December 6 1967 Was a Chaplain who carried 20 wounded men from the battlefield under heavy fire who later renounced his medal of honor
Littrell, Gary L.Gary L. Littrell Army Sergeant First Class Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-04-04 April 4 1970 – 01970-04-08 April 8 1970 Risked his life to direct artillery and air support by day and marked the unit's location by night, despite enemy fire he led his men against the enemy until help arrived.
A black and white headshot of Livingston wearing his military dress uniform with a hat and ribbons. He is looking directly at the camera and there is an American flag in the background. Livingston, James E.James E. Livingston Marine Corps Captain Dai Do, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-02 May 2 1968 Although twice painfully wounded by grenade fragments, he refused medical treatment and courageously led his men in the destruction of over 100 mutually supporting bunkers, driving the remaining enemy from their positions, and relieving the pressure on the stranded Marine company. Also while wounded an in the open, continued to give orders to his troops to repel the enemy. He refused to be evacuated until his men were safe.
Long, Donald R.Donald R. Long  Army Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-06-30 June 30 1966 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Lozada, Carlos J.Carlos J. Lozada  Army Private First Class Đắk Tô, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-20 November 20 1967 For providing covering fire at the cost of his own life during a withdrawal
Lucas, Andre C.Andre C. Lucas  Army Lieutenant Colonel Fire Support Base Ripcord, Republic of Vietnam 01970-07-01 July 1 1970 – 01970-07-23 July 23 1970 For extraordinary heroism while serving as the commanding officer of the 2d Battalion
A black and white image of a Lynch wearing a baseball hat and a jacket with his medal of honor visible around his neck. Lynch, Allen J.Allen J. Lynch Army Specialist Four My An—Bien Dinh Province—South Vietnamnear Mỹ An (2), Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-12-15 December 15 1967 For providing critical aid to wounded comrades under heavy fire
Head and shoulders of an older man with thinning hair wearing a dark suit coat, white shirt, and red tie. A star-shaped medal hangs from a light blue ribbon around his neck and on his lapel is a small round blue pin. Marm, Jr., Walter J.Walter J. Marm, Jr. Army Second Lieutenant Ia Drang Valley—South Vietnamnear Ia Drang Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01965-11-14 November 14 1965 For actions in Ia Drang, in which he led a successful one man assault on an enemy hill
Martini, Gary W.Gary W. Martini  Marine Corps Private First Class Binh Son, Republic of Vietnam 01967-04-21 April 21 1967 Sacrificed his life to move a wounded comrade to safety
A black and white image of Maxam wearing his military dress blue uniform with hat. Maxam, Larry L.Larry L. Maxam  Marine Corps Corporal Cam Lộ District, Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-02 February 2 1968 Sacrificed his life to single-handedly repel a large enemy force from attacking through a weakened perimeter for over 1½ hours.
Head and shoulders of a white man wearing a peaked cap and a military jacket with yellow buttons and four rows of ribbon bars on the left breast. A star-shaped medal is hanging from a light blue ribbon around his neck. McCleery, Finnis D.Finnis D. McCleery Army Platoon Sergeant Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-14 May 14 1968 Although wounded in an assault on a bunker complex he continued attacking until wounded a second time by shrapnel eliminating the enemy from the hill
McDonald, Phill G.Phill G. McDonald  Army Private First Class Kontum City—South Vietnamnear Kontum City, Republic of Vietnam 01968-06-07 June 7 1968 Was killed after attacking the enemy multiple times with grenades and rifle fire
McGinty, III, John J.John J. McGinty, III Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-07-18 July 18 1966 Found a separated unit of twenty wounded men, reloaded their weapons and directed their fire at the enemy until they attempted a counter-attack. He then directed fire at the enemy and although wounded adjusted artillery and air strikes within fifty yards of his position until the enemy had been repelled.
McKibben, RayRay McKibben  Army Sergeant Song Mao—South Vietnamnear Song Mao, Republic of Vietnam 01968-12-08 December 8 1968 Single-handedly destroyed an enemy bunker, rescued a wounded comrade from under heavy fire, and attacked and destroyed two more bunkers by himself before being mortally wounded while attacking a fourth bunker.
McMahon, Thomas J.Thomas J. McMahon  Army Specialist Four Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-19 March 19 1969 While attempting to rescue three wounded soldiers despite heavy enemy fire, he was able to carry two of the men to safety but was killed while trying to rescue the third.
a colored image of an elderly McNerney in a business suit wearing his Medal of Honor around his neck. He is facing to the left. McNerney, David H.David H. McNerney Army First Sergeant Polei Doc, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-22 March 22 1967 Despite being wounded after his unit was attacked, he assumed command of the unit when the company commander was killed, organized the defense, and helped arrange a helicopter evacuation of the wounded. He refused his own medical evacuation and instead stayed with the company until a new commander arrived.
McWethy, Jr., Edgar L.Edgar L. McWethy, Jr.  Army Specialist Five Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-06-21 June 21 1967 Repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to treat his wounded comrades despite being wounded three times himself and continued to help his fellow soldiers until suffering a fourth and fatal wound.
Michael, Don L.Don L. Michael  Army Specialist Four Republic of Vietnam 01967-04-08 April 8 1967 Single-handedly destroyed a Viet Cong bunker and was then killed while chasing the retreating enemy soldiers.
Miller, Franklin D.Franklin D. Miller Army Staff Sergeant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-01-05 January 5 1970 He single-handedly held off an enemy assault, arranged for a helicopter extraction of his unit, and again fought off the enemy alone until relief arrived, although wounded himself.
Miller, Gary L.Gary L. Miller  Army First Lieutenant Binh Duong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-16 February 16 1969 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
alt=A black-and-white photo of Modrzejewski from the waist up in his military dress blue uniform with hat and medals. There is an American flag and a Marine Corps flag in the background and his Medal of Honor is around his neck. Modrzejewski, Robert J.Robert J. Modrzejewski Marine Corps Captain Republic of Vietnam 01966-07-15 July 15 1966 – 01966-07-18 July 18 1966 Led his men in the seizure of enemy ammunition and supplies and continued to counterattack the enemy using artillery fire and air support.
Molnar, Frankie Z.Frankie Z. Molnar  Army Staff Sergeant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-20 May 20 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Monroe, James H.James H. Monroe  Army Private First Class Bong Son, Hoài Nhơn District, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-16 February 16 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Morgan, William D.William D. Morgan  Marine Corps Corporal Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-25 February 25 1969 For creating a diversion at the expense of his own life and providing his squad time to evacuate two wounded soldiers
Morris, Charles B.Charles B. Morris Army Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-06-29 June 29 1966 Continued to lead his squad, fight the enemy, and help the wounded despite being wounded himself four separate times.
Murray, Robert C.Robert C. Murray  Army Staff Sergeant Hiep Duc—South Vietnamnear Hiep Duc, Republic of Vietnam 01970-06-07 June 7 1970 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Nash, David P.David P. Nash  Army Private First Class Giao Duc District, Dinh Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-12-29 December 29 1968 For covering a grenade with his body in order to protect those around him
Newlin, Melvin E.Melvin E. Newlin  Marine Corps Private First Class Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-07-04 July 4 1967 Killed while single-handedly attacking an enemy force breaking up and disorganizing the enemy
A black and white headshot photo of Noonan in his military dress blue uniform with hat. Noonan, Jr., Thomas P.Thomas P. Noonan, Jr.  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Vandegrift Combat Base—A Shau Valley—South Vietnamnear Vandergrift Combat Base, A Shau Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-05 February 5 1969 Killed while attempting to rescue a wounded man
Head and shoulders of an older white man with a large scar above his left eyebrow. He is wearing a dark suit coat with an American flag pin on the lapel and a star-shaped medal hangs from a light blue ribbon around his neck. Norris, Thomas R.Thomas R. Norris Navy Lieutenant Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01972-04-10 April 10 1972 – 01972-04-13 April 13 1972 Rescued two downed pilots deep within heavily controlled enemy territory
Novosel, Michael J.Michael J. Novosel Army Chief Warrant Officer Kien Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-10-02 October 2 1969 For the rescue of 29 American and South Vietnamese soldiers from a heavily fortified enemy training area without any cover or gunship support.
Olive, III, Milton L.Milton L. Olive, III  Army Private First Class Phu Cuong, Republic of Vietnam 01965-10-22 October 22 1965 For smothering a grenade blast with his body. The first African American Medal of Honor recipient of the Vietnam War.
Olson, Kenneth L.Kenneth L. Olson  Army Specialist Four Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-13 May 13 1968 For smothering a grenade blast with his body
Head and shoulders of a white man with a pointed mustache, wearing a star-shaped medal on a blue ribbon around his neck. Omalley, Robert E.Robert E. O'Malley Marine Corps Corporal An Cu'ong—South Vietnamnear An Cu'ong 2, South Vietnam 01965-08-18 August 18 1965 Risked his life and led his men to repeatedly attack the enemy, assist another Marine unit that had inflicted heavy casualties and led his unit to a helicopter for evacuation.
Ouellet, David G.David G. Ouellet  Navy Seaman Mekong River, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-06 March 6 1967 Placed himself between an enemy grenade and his shipmates, absorbing most of the blast fragments with his own body in order to protect his shipmates from injury and death.
A gray-haired white man wearing a formal military uniform with a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck Patterson, Robert M.Robert M. Patterson Army Specialist Four La Chu—South Vietnamnear La Chu, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-06 May 6 1968 During a firefight he single-handedly destroyed a series of enemy bunkers
Paul, Joe C.Joe C. Paul  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Chu Lai—South Vietnamnear Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam 01965-08-18 August 18 1965 Killed while defending his wounded comrades from the enemy and delivered effective suppressive fire in order to divert the Viet Cong long enough to allow the casualties to be evacuated.
A color image showing Penry from the waist up in his military dress uniform with ribbons. His Medal of Honor is visible around his neck. Penry, Richard A.Richard A. Penry Army Sergeant Binh Tuy Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-01-31 January 31 1970 Helped to organize defenses and repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to retrieve supplies and return fire. Voluntarily left the perimeter, set up a guiding beacon, established the priorities for evacuation and successively carried 18 wounded men to the extraction site. After all wounded had been evacuated he joined another platoon and assisted in pursuing the enemy.
Perkins, Jr., William T.William T. Perkins, Jr.  Marine Corps Corporal Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-10-12 October 12 1967 Sacrificed himself by smothering an enemy grenade with his body to save the lives of three fellow Marines and is the only combat photographer to have received the Medal of Honor.
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Peters wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons. Peters, Lawrence D.Lawrence D. Peters  Marine Corps Sergeant Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-09-04 September 4 1967 After being struck by enemy mortar, machine gun, and small arms fire he continuously fought and led his men against the enemy until dying from his wounds.
Petersen, Danny J.Danny J. Petersen  Army Specialist Four Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-01-09 January 9 1970 Repeatedly exposed himself and his armored personnel carrier to enemy fire in order to protect the other soldiers of his unit and after his vehicle was disabled, he stayed behind and was killed while providing covering fire so others could withdraw.
A black and white headshot image of Phipps wearing his military dress uniform with hat. Phipps, Jimmy W.Jimmy W. Phipps  Marine Corps Private First Class An Hoa—South Vietnamnear An Hoa, Republic of Vietnam 01969-05-27 May 27 1969 Sacrificed himself to save others by smothering an enemy grenade with his body
Pierce, Larry S.Larry S. Pierce  Army Sergeant Ben Cat—South Vietnamnear Ben Cat, Republic of Vietnam 01965-09-20 September 20 1965 Sacrificed himself to save others by smothering an enemy grenade with his body
A black and white image of Pitsenbarger wearing his military dress uniform. An American flag is visible in the background. Pitsenbarger, William H.William H. Pitsenbarger  Air Force Airman First Class Cam My—South Vietnamnear Cam My, Republic of Vietnam 01966-04-11 April 11 1966 For refusing evacuation while tending wounded and defending the unit's position
A black and white image showing the head and torso if Pittman wearing his Marine Corps dress uniform with medals. His Medal of Honor is visible around his neck. Pittman, Richard A.Richard A. Pittman Marine Corps Lance Corporal Demilitarized Zone—South Vietnamnear the Demilitarized Zone, Republic of Vietnam 01966-07-24 July 24 1966 Risked his life to assist a group of Marines who had been attacked by a larger enemy force
Pitts, Riley L.Riley L. Pitts  Army Captain Ap Dong, Republic of Vietnam 01967-10-31 October 31 1967 Killed after attacking an enemy force with rifle fire and grenades. Was the first African American commissioned officer to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
Pless, Stephen W.Stephen W. Pless Marine Corps Captain Quang Nai—South Vietnamnear Quang Nai, Republic of Vietnam 01967-08-19 August 19 1967 For rescuing a group of surrounded American troops with his helicopter
Port, William D.William D. Port  Army Private First Class Que Son Valley, Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-12 January 12 1968 Rescued a wounded comrade and then smothered the blast of an enemy-thrown grenade with his body to protect other soldiers. He survived the blast, but was seriously wounded and captured by the enemy dying while a prisoner of war ten months later.
Poxon, Robert L.Robert L. Poxon  Army First Lieutenant Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-06-02 June 2 1969 Was wounded when attempting to rescue a wounded soldier and despite his injuries, led his platoon and succeeded in destroying an enemy bunker before being killed.
A black and white image showing the head and shoulders of Pless in his Marine Corps dress uniform with hat. Prom, William R.William R. Prom  Marine Corps Lance Corporal An Hoa—South Vietnamnear An Hoa, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-09 February 9 1969 Sacrificed his life to direct fire at the enemy at point blank range
Pruden, Robert J.Robert J. Pruden  Army Staff Sergeant Quang Nai, Republic of Vietnam 01969-11-29 November 29 1969 Sacrificed himself to ensure evacuation helicopters were able to withdraw his team.
Head and shoulders of a white man wearing a t-shirt and a military jacket, unbuttoned at the collar, with the word "Rabel" on his right breast and "U.S. Army" on his left. He has on a beret and is holding a rifle over his shoulder by its barrel. Rabel, LaszloLaszlo Rabel  Army Staff Sergeant Binh Dinh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-11-13 November 13 1968 For falling on a grenade to save his comrades
A color image showing Rascon from the waist up in his military dress uniform with ribbons. His Medal of Honor is visible around his neck and an American flag is visible in the background. Rascon, Alfred V.Alfred V. Rascon Army Specialist Four Republic of Vietnam 01966-03-16 March 16 1966 Specialist Rascon's showed extraordinary valor in the face of deadly enemy fire, heroism in rescuing the wounded, and gallantry by repeatedly risking his own life for his fellow soldiers.
Ray, David R.David R. Ray  Navy Hospital Corpsman Second Class Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-19 March 19 1969 For gallantry and intrepidity in defending his position and giving aid to wounded Marines
Ray, Ronald E.Ronald E. Ray Army First Lieutenant Ia Drang Valley, Republic of Vietnam 01966-06-19 June 19 1966 For eliminating enemy fire with available weapons and shielding his men from an enemy grenade
Reasoner, Frank S.Frank S. Reasoner  Marine Corps First Lieutenant Da Nang—South Vietnamnear Da Nang, Republic of Vietnam 01965-07-12 July 12 1965 For attempting to rescue one of his wounded men on a Marine recon patrol
Roark, Anund C.Anund C. Roark  Army Sergeant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-05-16 May 16 1968 Sacrificed his life to save his fellow soldiers by smothering a grenade with his body
A color image of Roberts wearing his Army Green Uniform. There is an American flag and a Medal of Honor flag in the background. Roberts, Gordon R.Gordon R. Roberts Army Specialist Four Thua Thien Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-07-11 July 11 1969 For efforts in retrieving wounded personnel and defending his platoon
Robinson, Jr., James W.James W. Robinson, Jr.  Army Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-04-11 April 11 1966 Sacrificed his life to destroy an enemy bunker and protect several of his fellow soldiers
A black and white image showing the head and shoulders of Rocco in his military dress uniform with ribbons. Rocco, Louis R.Louis R. Rocco Army Sergeant First Class northeast of Katum, Republic of Vietnam 01970-05-24 May 24 1970 Distinguished himself when he volunteered to accompany a medical evacuation team on an urgent mission to evacuate eight critically wounded Army of the Republic of Vietnam personnel.
A black and white image showing Rogers form the waist up in his military uniform with ribbons. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Rogers, Charles C.Charles C. Rogers Army Lieutenant Colonel Fishhook, near Cambodian border, Republic of Vietnam 01968-11-01 November 1 1968 Risked his life to repel the enemy and protect his soldiers during an enemy assault on his firebase.
Rubio, EuripidesEuripides Rubio  Army Captain Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01966-11-08 November 8 1966 For efforts in directing an air strike on enemy forces
Sabo, Jr, Leslie H.Leslie H. Sabo, Jr  Army Specialist Four Near Se San Village, Cambodia 01970-05-10 May 10 1970 For heroic action when his platoon was ambushed by North Vietnamese forces near the village of Se San in eastern Cambodia.
A black and white image showing Hector from the waist up in his military combat uniform with kevlar helmet. His hands are on his hips and he is smiling at the camera. Santiago-Colón, HéctorHéctor Santiago-Colón  Army Specialist Four Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-06-28 June 28 1968 For falling on a grenade to save his comrades and is one of five Puerto Ricans who have been posthumously presented with the Medal of Honor.
Sargent, Ruppert L.Ruppert L. Sargent  Army First Lieutenant Hậu Nghĩa Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-15 March 15 1967 On that day, while in Hau Nghia Province in the Republic of Vietnam, Sargent threw himself on two enemy hand grenades, sacrificing himself but saving the lives of two men nearby.
Sasser, Clarence E.Clarence E. Sasser Army Private First Class Dinh Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-10 January 10 1968 Risked his life to save several wounded soldiers and although severely wounded himself continued treating their wounds for five hours until they were rescued.
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Sasser wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons. Seay, William W.William W. Seay  Army Sergeant Ap Nhi—South Vietnamnear Ap Nhi, Republic of Vietnam 01968-08-25 August 25 1968 When his convoy came under attack that day, near Ap Nhi in the Republic of Vietnam, Seay twice left his protective cover to toss enemy-thrown hand grenades back at the North Vietnamese forces. Despite being wounded in the wrist, he again exposed himself to enemy fire and was fatally shot.
Shea, Daniel J.Daniel J. Shea  Army Private First Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-05-14 May 14 1969 Killed by enemy gunfire after assisting in the defeat of an attacking enemy force
Shields, Marvin G.Marvin G. Shields  Navy Construction Mechanic Third Class Đồng Xoài, Republic of Vietnam 01965-06-10 June 10 1965 Killed after rescuing several wounded, assisting in destroying an enemy gun emplacement and resupplying ammunition to his unit
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Sijan wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons. Sijan, Lance P.Lance P. Sijan  Air Force Captain North Vietnam 01967-11-09 November 9 1967 For actions while as a prisoner of war
Sims, Clifford C.Clifford C. Sims  Army Staff Sergeant Hue—South Vietnamnear Huế, Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-21 February 21 1968 Sims threw himself onto a triggered booby-trap device. He was killed in the ensuing explosion, but was successful in protecting the members of his squad.
A black and white head shot of Singleton wearing his military dress uniform with hat. Singleton, Walter K.Walter K. Singleton  Marine Corps Sergeant Gio Linh District, Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-03-24 March 24 1967 Killed in an attack were he killed eight of the enemy and drove the remainder away
Head of a solemn-faced young man with short hair wearing a dark military jacket with pins on the lapels over a shirt and tie. Sisler, George K.George K. Sisler  Army First Lieutenant Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-07 February 7 1967 Organized the defense, rescued a wounded soldier, and single-handedly attacked an enemy position before being killed
Skidgel, Donald S.Donald S. Skidgel  Army Sergeant Song Be—South Vietnamnear Song Be, Republic of Vietnam 01969-09-14 September 14 1969 Killed attempting to draw enemy fire away from his convoy after manning a machine gun in his vehicle
A black and white head shot image showing Smedley in his military dress uniform with hat. Smedley, Larry E.Larry E. Smedley  Marine Corps Corporal Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-12-21 December 21 1967 Assaulted the enemy with grenades and rifle fire until dying from his wounds
Smith, Elmelindo R.Elmelindo R. Smith  Army Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-16 February 16 1967 Although wounded by a rocket he led his platoon in a patrol when enemy forces attacked with machine gun, mortars and rocket fire.
MOH-Sprayberry.jpg Sprayberry, James M.James M. Sprayberry Army First Lieutenant Republic of Vietnam 01968-04-25 April 25 1968 Led a patrol which rescued men who had been wounded and cut off from the rest of the company and in the process destroyed several enemy bunkers and machine gun emplacements.
Steindam, Russell A.Russell A. Steindam  Army First Lieutenant Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01970-02-01 February 1 1970 For defending company from an enemy grenade
Stewart, Jimmy G.Jimmy G. Stewart  Army Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01966-05-18 May 18 1966 Sacrificed himself to hold his company's position against the enemy allowing others to come to his aid and repel the enemy force
A color image of showing the head and upper torso of Stockdale wearing his military dress uniform with medals. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Stockdale, James B.James B. Stockdale Navy Captain Hoa Lo prison, Hanoi, North Vietnam 01969-09-04 September 4 1969 For action as a prisoner of war
Stone, Jr., Lester R.Lester R. Stone, Jr.  Army Sergeant Landing Zone Liz—South Vietnamwest of Landing Zone Liz, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-03 March 3 1969 Sacrificed his life by manning a machine gun in an exposed position during an enemy attack, allowing others to rescue a wounded comrade
Stout, Mitchell W.Mitchell W. Stout  Army Sergeant Khe Gio Bridge, Republic of Vietnam 01970-03-12 March 12 1970 Sacrificed his life to save others by smothering a grenade with his body
Stryker, Robert F.Robert F. Stryker  Army Specialist Four Loc Ninh—South Vietnamnear Lộc Ninh, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-07 November 7 1967 Sacrificed his life to save several fellow soldiers by smothering a claymore mine with his body
Stumpf, Kenneth E.Kenneth E. Stumpf Army Specialist Four Duc Pho—South Vietnamnear Duc Pho, Republic of Vietnam 01967-04-25 April 25 1967 Risked his life by rescuing three injured squad members and then led his squad to attack and destroy a heavily fortified enemy bunker complex.
Head of a young man with neatly combed hair wearing, over a shirt and tie, a military jacket with a braided cord over his right shoulder. Swanson, Jon E.Jon E. Swanson  Army Captain Cambodia 01971-02-26 February 26 1971 Sacrificed his life by flying his aircraft dangerously slow and low to destroy enemy machine gun emplacements until his aircraft was shot down.
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Taylor wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Taylor, James A.James A. Taylor Army First Lieutenant Que Son—South Vietnamwest of Quế Sơn, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-09 November 9 1967 Risked his life to save the lives of a number of his fellow soldiers
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Taylor in his military dress uniform with ribbons and hat. Taylor, Sr., Karl G.Karl G. Taylor, Sr.  Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01968-12-08 December 8 1968 Sacrificed his life to save the lives of several Marines by taking out an enemy bunker
Head and torso of a man with dark hair, a full, graying beard, and wire-framed glasses. His arms are loosely crossed, he is wearing a dark suit coat, and a star–shaped medal hangs from a light blue ribbon around his neck. Thacker, Brian M.Brian M. Thacker Army First Lieutenant Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01971-03-31 March 31 1971 Risked his own life to allow his unit to escape
A color image showing Thornton from the waist up in a business suit. He is wearing his Medal of Honor around his neck, with his left hand over his heart. Thornton, Michael E.Michael E. Thornton Navy Engineman Second Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01972-10-31 October 31 1972 Saved the life of his superior officer and allowed the other members of his patrol to escape
A color image showing the head and upper torso of Thorsness wearing his military dress uniform with ribbons. His Medal of Honor can be seen around his neck. Thorsness, Leo K.Leo K. Thorsness Air Force Major over North Vietnam 01967-04-19 April 19 1967 Risked his life to assist in the rescue of three downed aviators
Vargas, Jay R.Jay R. Vargas Marine Corps Captain Dai Do, Republic of Vietnam 01968-04-30 April 30 1968 – 01968-05-02 May 2 1968 Vargas requested that his mother's name, M. Sando Vargas, Jr., be engraved on the medal and added to the rolls.
A black-and-white photo of Humbert Versace wearing his military uniform . Two military badges are clearly visible on the left breast pocket. Versace, Humbert R.Humbert R. Versace  Army Captain Ca Mau, Republic of Vietnam 01963-10-29 October 29 1963 – 01965-09-26 September 26 1965 Was executed by the Vietcong while a prisoner of war after repeated escape attempts, torture and maltreatment
A black and white head shot image of Warren in his military dress uniform with hat. Warren, Jr., John E.John E. Warren, Jr.  Army First Lieutenant Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-01-14 January 14 1969 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged man with closely cropped hair and horn-rimmed glasses. He is wearing a dark military jacket with a parachute badge on the left breast and a Christian cross under a "U.S." pin on each lapel. Watters, Charles J.Charles J. Watters  Army Major Battle of Dak To, Republic of Vietnam 01967-11-19 November 19 1967 Was a chaplain who sacrificed himself to rescue several wounded men
Wayrynen, Dale E.Dale E. Wayrynen  Army Specialist Four Quảng Ngãi Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-18 May 18 1967 For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him
Weber, Lester W.Lester W. Weber  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-02-23 February 23 1969 After fighting back four enemy soldiers and causing 11 others to retreat was killed by a fifth enemy soldier
Gary Wetzel small.jpg Wetzel, Gary G.Gary G. Wetzel Army Private First Class Ap dong An—South Vietnamnear Ap Dong An, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-08 January 8 1968 Although losing his arm and repeatedly losing consciousness from loss of blood after the helicopter he was on was shot down he fought back an enemy gun emplacement and assisted in the rescue of a fallen officer.
Wheat, Roy M.Roy M. Wheat  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Republic of Vietnam 01967-08-11 August 11 1967 Sacrificed his life by smothering a mine with his body
Wickam, Jerry W.Jerry W. Wickam  Army Corporal Loc Ninh—South Vietnamnear Lộc Ninh, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-06 January 6 1968 Killed after repeatedly attacking and defeating the enemy
Wilbanks, Hilliard A.Hilliard A. Wilbanks  Air Force Captain Da Lat—South Vietnamnear Da Lat, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-24 February 24 1967 Distinguished himself by realizing that Army Rangers were walking into an ambush and, with no air support close by and no radio communication with the Rangers, he sacrificed his life to alert the Rangers of the danger.
Willett, Louis E.Louis E. Willett  Army Private First Class Kon Tum Province, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-15 February 15 1967 For twice providing covering fire for his squad's withdrawal despite heavy enemy fire
Williams, Charles Q.Charles Q. Williams Army Second Lieutenant Đồng Xoài, Republic of Vietnam 01965-06-09 June 9 1965 – 01965-06-10 June 10 1965 After a group of enemy insurgents attacked he organized a defense and repelled the enemy throughout the night
Williams, Dewayne T.Dewayne T. Williams  Marine Corps Private First Class Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-09-18 September 18 1968 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
A black and white image showing the head and upper torso of Williams wearing his military dress uniform with hat and ribbons. An American flag is visible in the background Williams, James E.James E. Williams Navy Boatswain's Mate First Class Mekong River, Republic of Vietnam 01966-10-31 October 31 1966 Against overwhelming odds, several times Williams led his PBRs (Patrol Boats, River) against concentrations of enemy junks and sampans. As a result of the three-hour battle, the American naval force killed numerous Viet Cong guerrillas, destroyed over fifty vessels, and disrupted a major enemy logistic operation.
Wilson, Alfred M.Alfred M. Wilson  Marine Corps Private First Class Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam 01969-03-03 March 3 1969 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
Winder, David F.David F. Winder  Army Private First Class Republic of Vietnam 01970-05-13 May 13 1970 Sacrificed his life in an attempt to assist a wounded soldier
Worley, Kenneth L.Kenneth L. Worley  Marine Corps Lance Corporal Bo Ban, Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam 01968-08-12 August 12 1968 Sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body
Wright, Raymond R.Raymond R. Wright Army Specialist Four Ap Bac Zone, Republic of Vietnam 01967-05-02 May 2 1967 Along with another soldier attacked and defeated multiple enemy bunkers
Yabes, MaximoMaximo Yabes  Army First Sergeant Phu Hoa Dong—South Vietnamnear Phu Hoa Dong, Republic of Vietnam 01967-02-26 February 26 1967 Used his body as a shield to protect others in a bunker, moved two wounded men to a safer position where they could be given medical treatment and destroyed an enemy machine gun position before being killed.
Yano, Rodney J. T.Rodney J. T. Yano  Army Sergeant First Class Bien Hoa—South Vietnamnear Bien Hoa, Republic of Vietnam 01969-01-01 January 1 1969 For sacrificing his life to save the other members of his aircrew
Yntema, Gordon D.Gordon D. Yntema  Army Sergeant Thang Binh—South Vietnamnear Thang Binh, Republic of Vietnam 01968-01-16 January 16 1968 – 01968-01-18 January 18 1968 Defended several fallen comrades and forced the Vietnamese to kill him rather than be captured.
Young, Gerald O.Gerald O. Young Air Force Captain Khe Sanh 01967-11-09 November 9 1967 Distinguished himself while serving as a helicopter rescue crew commander
Young, Marvin R.Marvin R. Young  Army Staff Sergeant Ben Cui—South Vietnamnear Ben Cui, Republic of Vietnam 01968-08-21 August 21 1968 For Sacrificing his life so his unit could escape
Zabitosky, Fred W.Fred W. Zabitosky Army Staff Sergeant Republic of Vietnam 01968-02-19 February 19 1968 Zabitosky directed the defense until rescue helicopters arrived, and when the helicopter that was to extract him from the battlefield crashed, he ignored his own injuries to save the downed craft's pilot.

Unknown soldier[change | change source]

The unknown soldier from the Vietnam War who was buried in the Tomb of the Unknowns was authorized a Medal of Honor and in 1998 was identified as 1st Lieutenant Michael Blassie. After DNA testing confirmed his identity, the remains were removed from the tomb and returned to Blassie's family, but the Medal of Honor remained as a tribute to those veterans still unknown. The Blassie family requested that the Medal of Honor be granted to him but the request was denied by the Department of Defense.[11]

References[change | change source]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. "Vietnam War". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9075317/Vietnam-War. Retrieved December 30, 2012. "Meanwhile, the United States, its military demoralized and its civilian electorate deeply divided, began a process of coming to terms with defeat in its longest and most controversial war"
  2. "A Brief History — The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  3. "Medal of Honor statistics". Medal of Honor citations archive. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/mohstats.html. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  4. Murphy, 1987, pp. 13–23
  5. Murphy, 1987, pp. 36–38
  6. Murphy, 1987, p. 97
  7. Murphy, 1987, pp. 156–158
  8. Murphy, 1987, pp. 150–151
  9. "Medal of Honor recipients". Vietnam War (A – L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/vietnam-a-l.html. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  10. "Medal of Honor recipients". Vietnam War (M – Z). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/vietnam-m-z.html. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  11. "Vietnam Unknown's Medal of Honor Transfer Denied". Press release. American Forces Press Service. August 25, 1998. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=41850. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  • Murphy, Edward F. (July 1987). Vietnam Medal of Honor Heroes. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-33890-7.