Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

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The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is a Major League Baseball (MLB) award given each year to one outstanding player in the American and National Leagues. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The winner receives the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award. The award is named in honor of the first MLB commissioner. Landis served from 1920 to 1944.[1] MVP voting takes place before the postseason. The results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began asking three writers in each league city in 1938. They made that number two per league city in 1961.[2]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders. This is followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the twenty-four pitchers who have won the award, fifteen are right-handed while nine are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers to win more than once. Newhouser won his in back-to-back seasons, 1944 and 1945.[3] Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions.[3] Rodriguez is the only player to win the award with two different teams at two different positions.[4] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times). He has also won it the most times in a row (2001–2004).[5] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win more than once.[5] Nine players have won three times and 19 have won twice.[6]

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979 when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received the same amount of points.[3][7] There have been 17 unanimous winners, meaning they received all the first-place votes.[2] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22. The St. Louis Cardinals have the second most with 17 winners. Five teams have not had a winner. The most recent winners are Miguel Cabrera in the American League and Andrew McCutchen in the National League.[8]

Key[change | change source]

Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum[9][10]
^
Shows a player who is still active[a]
§
Unanimous selection[b][2]
P
Pitcher (RHP means right-handed; LHP means left-handed)
C
Catcher
1B
First baseman
2B
Second baseman
3B
Third baseman
SS
Shortstop
OF
Outfielder
DH
Designated hitter

Chalmers Award (1911–1914)[change | change source]

The face of a white man looking just to the left of the camera.
Ty Cobb won the first American League Chalmers Award in 1911 and was at the center of the controversy over the previous season's award.

Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average in Major League Baseball at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[2][11][12] Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits against the St. Louis Browns. American League President Ban Johnson said a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway. Chalmers ended up giving cars to both players.[2]

The following season, Chalmers created the Chalmers Award. A committee of baseball writers were to come together after the season to determine the "most important and useful player to the club and to the league". Since the award was not as useful at advertising as Chalmers had hoped, it was discontinued after 1914.[2]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1911 Ty Cobb†§ Detroit Tigers OF Frank Schulte Chicago Cubs OF [13]
1912 Tris Speaker Boston Red Sox OF Larry Doyle New York Giants 2B [14]
1913 Walter Johnson Washington Senators RHP Jake Daubert Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [15]
1914 Eddie Collins Philadelphia Athletics 2B Johnny Evers Boston Braves 2B [16]

League Awards (1922–1929)[change | change source]

A man in full baseball attire wears a pinstriped jersey and a hat with overlapping white "N" and "Y". Looking to the left of the camera, he is holding a baseball upward.
Babe Ruth was ineligible for the award in his famous 1927 season by the rules of the American League award because he had previously won in 1923.

In 1922 the American League created a new award to honor "the baseball player who is of the greatest all-around service to his club".[17] Winners, voted on by a committee of eight baseball writers chaired by James Crusinberry,[18] received a bronze medal and a cash prize.[19] Voters were required to select one player from each team. Player-managers and prior award winners were could not win. These problems resulted in the award's being dropped after 1928. The National League award, without these restrictions, lasted from 1924 to 1929.[2]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1922 George Sisler St. Louis Browns 1B [20]
1923 Babe Ruth†§ New York Yankees OF [21]
1924 Walter Johnson Washington Senators RHP Dazzy Vance Brooklyn Robins RHP [22]
1925 Roger Peckinpaugh Washington Senators SS Rogers Hornsby St. Louis Cardinals 2B [23]
1926 George Burns Cleveland Indians 1B Bob O'Farrell St. Louis Cardinals C [24]
1927 Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 1B Paul Waner Pittsburgh Pirates OF [25]
1928 Mickey Cochrane Philadelphia Athletics C Jim Bottomley St. Louis Cardinals 2B [26]
1929 Rogers Hornsby Chicago Cubs 2B [27]

Baseball Writers Association of America's Most Valuable Player (1931–present)[change | change source]

The BBWAA first awarded the modern MVP after the 1931 season, took the format the National League used to distribute its league award. One writer in each city with a team filled out a ten-place ballot. Ten points were given for the recipient of a first-place vote, nine for a second-place vote, and so on. In 1938, the BBWAA raised the amount of voters to three per city and gave 14 points for a first-place vote. The only significant change since then happened in 1961, when the number of voters was lowered to two per league city.[2]

A man is pictured from his belt up looking to the left of the camera. His button-down baseball jersey says "RED SOX" across it and he is wearing a baseball hat with a "B".
Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win three MVP awards.
The face of a dark-skinned man who is smiling widely. The letters "S" and "F" overlap on his hat.
Willie Mays won the award in 1954 and 1965 with the same team in different cities.
An African-American man looks just right of the camera. His helmet and white jersey both have an orange "S" over "F" logo on them. The man's left arm is crossed over his body and his right is out of the picture. There is a black and orange glove on his left hand.
Barry Bonds' seven MVPs are the most for any individual player.
A Hispanic man walking while shouting at someone out of the picture. His helmet is emblazoned with a white "N" and "Y" intertwined, and "NEW YORK" is stitched in black letters across his button-down jersey. The player is holding a black baseball bat almost vertically with black, gray, and white gloves.
Alex Rodriguez won the award with two different teams at two different positions.
A right-handed batter is at the plate, looking toward the pitcher's mound. Wearing a red uniform and white pants, there is a crowd behind him with jerseys of various colors.
Albert Pujols won the award three times, all at first base with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1931 Lefty Grove Philadelphia Athletics LHP Frankie Frisch St. Louis Cardinals 2B [28]
1932 Jimmie Foxx Philadelphia Athletics 1B Chuck Klein Philadelphia Phillies OF [29]
1933 Jimmie Foxx Philadelphia Athletics 1B Carl Hubbell New York Giants LHP [30]
1934 Mickey Cochrane Detroit Tigers C Dizzy Dean St. Louis Cardinals RHP [31]
1935 Hank Greenberg†§ Detroit Tigers 1B Gabby Hartnett Chicago Cubs C [32]
1936 Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 1B Carl Hubbell†§ New York Giants LHP [33]
1937 Charlie Gehringer Detroit Tigers 2B Joe Medwick St. Louis Cardinals OF [34]
1938 Jimmie Foxx Boston Red Sox 1B Ernie Lombardi Cincinnati Reds C [35]
1939 Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees OF Bucky Walters Cincinnati Reds RHP [36]
1940 Hank Greenberg Detroit Tigers OF Frank McCormick Cincinnati Reds 1B [37]
1941 Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees OF Dolph Camilli Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [38]
1942 Joe Gordon New York Yankees 2B Mort Cooper St. Louis Cardinals RHP [39]
1943 Spud Chandler New York Yankees RHP Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals OF [40]
1944 Hal Newhouser Detroit Tigers LHP Marty Marion St. Louis Cardinals SS [41]
1945 Hal Newhouser Detroit Tigers LHP Phil Cavarretta Chicago Cubs 1B [42]
1946 Ted Williams Boston Red Sox OF Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals 1B [43]
1947 Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees OF Bob Elliott Boston Braves 3B [44]
1948 Lou Boudreau Cleveland Indians SS Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals OF [45]
1949 Ted Williams Boston Red Sox OF Jackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers 2B [46]
1950 Phil Rizzuto New York Yankees SS Jim Konstanty Philadelphia Phillies RHP [47]
1951 Yogi Berra New York Yankees C Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers C [48]
1952 Bobby Shantz Philadelphia Athletics LHP Hank Sauer Chicago Cubs OF [49]
1953 Al Rosen§ Cleveland Indians 3B Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers C [50]
1954 Yogi Berra New York Yankees C Willie Mays New York Giants OF [51]
1955 Yogi Berra New York Yankees C Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers C [52]
1956 Mickey Mantle†§ New York Yankees OF Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers RHP [53]
1957 Mickey Mantle New York Yankees OF Hank Aaron Milwaukee Braves C [54]
1958 Jackie Jensen Boston Red Sox OF Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs SS [55]
1959 Nellie Fox Chicago White Sox 2B Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs SS [56]
1960 Roger Maris New York Yankees OF Dick Groat Pittsburgh Pirates SS [57]
1961 Roger Maris New York Yankees OF Frank Robinson†§ Cincinnati Reds OF [58]
1962 Mickey Mantle New York Yankees OF Maury Wills Los Angeles Dodgers SS [59]
1963 Elston Howard New York Yankees C Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers LHP [60]
1964 Brooks Robinson Baltimore Orioles 3B Ken Boyer St. Louis Cardinals 3B [61]
1965 Zoilo Versalles Minnesota Twins SS Willie Mays San Francisco Giants OF [62]
1966 Frank Robinson†§ Baltimore Orioles OF Roberto Clemente Pittsburgh Pirates OF [63]
1967 Carl Yastrzemski Boston Red Sox OF Orlando Cepeda†§ St. Louis Cardinals 1B [64]
1968 Denny McLain§ Detroit Tigers RHP Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals RHP [65]
1969 Harmon Killebrew Minnesota Twins 3B Willie McCovey San Francisco Giants 1B [66]
1970 Boog Powell Baltimore Orioles 1B Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C [67]
1971 Vida Blue Oakland Athletics LHP Joe Torre St. Louis Cardinals 3B [68]
1972 Dick Allen Chicago White Sox 1B Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C [69]
1973 Reggie Jackson†§ Oakland Athletics OF Pete Rose Cincinnati Reds OF [70]
1974 Jeff Burroughs Texas Rangers OF Steve Garvey Los Angeles Dodgers 1B [71]
1975 Fred Lynn Boston Red Sox OF Joe Morgan Cincinnati Reds 2B [72]
1976 Thurman Munson New York Yankees C Joe Morgan Cincinnati Reds 2B [73]
1977 Rod Carew Minnesota Twins 1B George Foster Cincinnati Reds OF [74]
1978 Jim Rice Boston Red Sox OF Dave Parker Pittsburgh Pirates OF [75]
1979[c] Don Baylor California Angels DH Keith Hernandez St. Louis Cardinals 1B [7]
1979[c] Willie Stargell Pittsburgh Pirates 1B [7]
1980 George Brett Kansas City Royals 3B Mike Schmidt†§ Philadelphia Phillies 3B [76]
1981 Rollie Fingers Milwaukee Brewers RHP Mike Schmidt Philadelphia Phillies 3B [77]
1982 Robin Yount Milwaukee Brewers SS Dale Murphy Atlanta Braves OF [78]
1983 Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS Dale Murphy Atlanta Braves OF [79]
1984 Willie Hernández Detroit Tigers LHP Ryne Sandberg Chicago Cubs 2B [80]
1985 Don Mattingly New York Yankees 1B Willie McGee St. Louis Cardinals OF [81]
1986 Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox RHP Mike Schmidt Philadelphia Phillies 3B [82]
1987 George Bell Toronto Blue Jays OF Andre Dawson Chicago Cubs OF [83]
1988 José Canseco Oakland Athletics OF Kirk Gibson§ Los Angeles Dodgers OF [84]
1989 Robin Yount Milwaukee Brewers OF Kevin Mitchell San Francisco Giants OF [85]
1990 Rickey Henderson Oakland Athletics OF Barry Bonds Pittsburgh Pirates OF [86]
1991 Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS Terry Pendleton Atlanta Braves 3B [87]
1992 Dennis Eckersley Oakland Athletics RHP Barry Bonds Pittsburgh Pirates OF [88]
1993 Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas§ Chicago White Sox 1B Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants OF [89]
1994 Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas Chicago White Sox 1B Jeff Bagwell§ Houston Astros 1B [90]
1995 Mo Vaughn Boston Red Sox 1B Barry Larkin Cincinnati Reds SS [91]
1996 Juan González Texas Rangers OF Ken Caminiti§ San Diego Padres 3B [92]
1997 Griffey, Jr., KenKen Griffey, Jr.§ Seattle Mariners OF Larry Walker Colorado Rockies OF [93]
1998 Juan González Texas Rangers OF Sammy Sosa Chicago Cubs OF [94]
1999 Rodríguez, IvánIván Rodríguez Texas Rangers C Jones, ChipperChipper Jones Atlanta Braves 3B [95]
2000 Jason Giambi^ Oakland Athletics 1B Jeff Kent San Francisco Giants 2B [96]
2001 Ichiro Suzuki^ Seattle Mariners OF Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants OF [97]
2002 Miguel Tejada^ Oakland Athletics SS Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants OF [98]
2003 Alex Rodriguez^ Texas Rangers SS Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants OF [99]
2004 Vladimir Guerrero^ Anaheim Angels OF Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants OF [100]
2005 Alex Rodriguez^ New York Yankees 3B Albert Pujols^ St. Louis Cardinals 1B [101]
2006 Justin Morneau^ Minnesota Twins 1B Ryan Howard^ Philadelphia Phillies 1B [102]
2007 Alex Rodriguez^ New York Yankees 3B Jimmy Rollins^ Philadelphia Phillies SS [103]
2008 Dustin Pedroia^ Boston Red Sox 2B Albert Pujols^ St. Louis Cardinals 1B [104]
2009 Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer^ Minnesota Twins C Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols St. Louis Cardinals 1B [105]
2010 Hamilton, JoshJosh Hamilton^ Texas Rangers OF Votto, JoeyJoey Votto^ Cincinnati Reds 1B [106]
2011 Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander^ Detroit Tigers RHP Braun, RyanRyan Braun^ Milwaukee Brewers OF [107]
2012 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^ Detroit Tigers 3B Posey, BusterBuster Posey^ San Francisco Giants C [108]
2013 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^ Detroit Tigers 3B McCutchen, AndrewAndrew McCutchen^ Pittsburgh Pirates OF [8]

Notes[change | change source]

  • a  A player is considered inactive if he has announced his retirement or not played for a full season.
  • b  A unanimous victory indicates that the player received all possible first-place votes.
  • c  Hernandez and Stargell both received 216 points in the 1979 voting.[7]

References[change | change source]

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