Malacostraca

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Malacostraca
Eophreatoicus, a fresh water isopod from Australia.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Latreille, 1802
Subclasses

Eumalacostraca
Hoplocarida
Phyllocarida
See text for orders.

The Malacostraca (Greek: "soft shell") are the largest subgroup of crustaceans. They include decapods (such as crabs, lobsters and shrimp), stomatopods (mantis shrimp) and krill. There are 22,000 members in this group. It represents two thirds of all crustacean species. The first malacostracans appeared in the Cambrian period.[source?]

The classification of crustaceans is currently being debated. Some think Malacostraca is a class and others think it is a subclass.

Morphology[change | edit source]

General malacostracan layout

Malacostraca have heads with six segments. They have a pair of antennules and a pair of antennae. They also have mouthparts. There are appendages near the mouthparts, called maxillipeds. They have five pairs of walking legs. The first pair is formed like a pincer. There are eight thoracic segments. There are six abdominal segments. They are used for swimming. Members of Malacostraca have compound stalked or sessile eyes. They have a two-chambered stomach and a centralized nervous system.

Classification[change | edit source]

Lysiosquilla maculata, a mantis shrimp

Class Malacostraca Latreille, 1802