Michael Howard

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Howard of Lympne

CH PC QC
Michael Howard delivering a speech
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 November 2003 – 6 December 2005
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Iain Duncan Smith
Succeeded by David Cameron
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
6 November 2003 – 6 December 2005
Preceded by Iain Duncan Smith
Succeeded by David Cameron
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
18 September 2001 – 6 November 2003
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Preceded by Michael Portillo
Succeeded by Oliver Letwin
Shadow Foreign Secretary
In office
12 June 1997 – 15 June 1999
Leader William Hague
Preceded by John Major
Succeeded by John Maples
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
2 May 1997 – 11 June 1997
Leader John Major
Preceded by Jack Straw
Succeeded by Brian Mawhinney
Home Secretary
In office
27 May 1993 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Kenneth Clarke
Succeeded by Jack Straw
Secretary of State for Environment
In office
11 April 1992 – 27 May 1993
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Michael Heseltine
Succeeded by John Gummer
Secretary of State for Employment
In office
3 January 1990 – 11 April 1992
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded by Norman Fowler
Succeeded by Gillian Shephard
Member of Parliament
for Folkestone and Hythe
In office
9 June 1983 – 6 May 2010
Preceded by Sir Albert Costain
Succeeded by Damian Collins
Personal details
Born 7 July 1941 (1941-07-07) (age 73)
Gorseinon, Wales
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Sandra Paul
Alma mater Peterhouse, Cambridge
Inner Temple
Profession Barrister
Religion Judaism[source?]

Michael Howard (born Michael Hecht, 7 July 1941) is a British politician who was the Leader of the Conservative Party from November 2003 to December 2005. He was also a cabinet minister in both Margaret Thatcher's and John Major's governments. He was a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Folkestone and Hythe from 1983 to 2010. In 2010, he entered the House of Lords as Baron Howard of Lympne.

Michael Howard was born in Gorseinon, a town in Swansea, Wales.[1] He studied Law at the University of Cambridge and became a Queen's Counsel in 1982. He then became a Member of Parliament at the 1983 General Election. His cabinet jobs included Secretary of State for Employment (1990-1992), Secretary of State for the Environment (1992-1993) and Home Secretary (1993-1997). When the Conservative Party lost the 1997 General Election, Michael Howard became a member of the shadow cabinets of William Hague and Iain Duncan Smith.

In 2003, the Leader of the Conservative Party Iain Duncan Smith was made to resign and Michael Howard was elected unopposed to become the Conservative Party leader.[2] 'Unopposed' means that no-one other than Michael Howard was a candidate. Michael Howard was the Conservative candidate to become Prime Minister at the 2005 General Election. The Conservatives did not win the election, however they had 33 more seats in Parliament than they did before. Michael Howard resigned shortly after this and David Cameron replaced him as Conservative Party leader.

He was made a Companion of Honour in the 2011 Birthday Honours.[3]

References[change | change source]