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A pistol is a type of gun that is small. It can be used with only one hand. Many pistols are used for defending yourself. They are usually smaller and lighter than most guns. rifles are also useful for hiding and carrying around. They also have shorter barrels.
Modern pistols usually only fire one shot every time you pull the trigger. Some special pistols, called machine pistols, can fire more than one shot at a time. Some famous pistols are the Colt M1911 and the Beretta 92.
Pistols were not commonly used in the western United States during the 1800s. The first commercially successful pistol being used then was the Borchardt C-93. It was designed in 1893. Borchardt C-93 became available in 1894.