Premier of South Australia

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The Premier of South Australia is the head of the South Australian government. They are the leaders of the political party which has a majority of the seats in the Legislative Assembly. Before the 1890s when there was no formal party system in South Australia, politicians usually held liberal or conservative beliefs. The liberals dominated government from 1893 to 1905 with Labor support, with the conservatives mostly in opposition. Labor took government with the support of eight liberals in 1905 when Labor gained more seats than the liberals. The rise of Labor meant the other groups began to become anti-labor parties. The conservatives merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union (formed in 1906) to become the Liberal Union in 1910. No "country" or rural conservative parties have lasted in South Australian state politics.

Labor formed South Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 state election. This was two weeks after federal Labor formed Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 federal election.

List of Premiers of South Australia[change | change source]

The first six Governors of South Australia ran the government from 1836 until responsible government was began in 1856.

No. Name Party Assumed office Left office Period Picture
1 B.T. Finniss 24 October 1856 21 August 1857 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0301.&&&&&0301 days BoyleFinniss.jpg
2 John Baker 21 August 1857 1 September 1857 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 days John Baker SA.jpg
3 Robert Torrens 1 September 1857 30 September 1857 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&029.&&&&&029 days Robert Richard Torrens.jpg
4 Richard Hanson 30 September 1857 9 May 1860 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0222.&&&&&0222 days Richard Hanson (Australia).jpg
5 Thomas Reynolds 9 May 1860 8 October 1861 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0152.&&&&&0152 days Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician).jpg
6 George Waterhouse 8 October 1861 4 July 1863 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0269.&&&&&0269 days George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg
7 Francis Dutton 4 July 1863 15 July 1863 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 days Francis Dutton.jpg
8 Henry Ayers 15 July 1863 4 August 1864 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&020.&&&&&020 days Henry Ayers.jpg
9 Arthur Blyth 4 August 1864 22 March 1865 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0230.&&&&&0230 days ArthurBlyth.jpg
- Francis Dutton
(2nd time)
22 March 1865 20 September 1865 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0182.&&&&&0182 days
Total - 193 days
- Henry Ayers
(2nd time)
20 September 1865 23 October 1865 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.&&&&&033 days
Total - 1 year, 53 days
10 John Hart 23 October 1865 28 March 1866 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0156.&&&&&0156 days John Hart (Australian politician).jpg
11 James Boucaut 28 March 1866 3 May 1867 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&036.&&&&&036 days Boucat.jpg
- Henry Ayers
(3rd time)
3 May 1867 24 September 1868 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0144.&&&&&0144 days
Total - 2 years, 197 days
- John Hart
(2nd time)
24 September 1868 13 October 1868 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&019.&&&&&019 days
Total - 175 days
- Henry Ayers
(4th time)
13 October 1868 3 November 1868 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&021.&&&&&021 days
Total - 2 years, 218 days
12 Henry Strangways 3 November 1868 30 May 1870 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0208.&&&&&0208 days Henry Strangways.jpg
- John Hart
(3rd time)
30 May 1870 10 November 1871 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0164.&&&&&0164 days
Total - 1 year, 339 days
- Arthur Blyth
(2nd time)
10 November 1871 22 January 1872 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&073.&&&&&073 days
Total - 303 days
- Henry Ayers
(5th time)
22 January 1872 22 July 1873 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0181.&&&&&0181 days
Total - 4 years, 34 days
- Arthur Blyth
(3rd time)
22 July 1873 3 June 1875 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0316.&&&&&0316 days
Total - 2 years, 254 days
- James Boucaut
(2nd time)
3 June 1875 6 June 1876 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 days
Total - 2 years, 39 days
13 John Colton 6 June 1876 26 October 1877 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0142.&&&&&0142 days John colton.jpg
- James Boucaut
(3rd time)
26 October 1877 27 September 1878 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0336.&&&&&0336 days
Total - 3 years, 10 days
14 William Morgan 27 September 1878 24 June 1881 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0270.&&&&&0270 days William Morgan (Australian politician).jpg
15 John Cox Bray 24 June 1881 16 June 1884 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0358.&&&&&0358 days John Cox Bray.jpg
- John Colton
(2nd time)
16 June 1884 16 June 1885 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 days
Total - 2 years, 142 days
16 John Downer 16 June 1885 11 June 1887 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0360.&&&&&0360 days John Downer (Australian politician).jpg
17 Thomas Playford II 11 June 1887 27 June 1889 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.&&&&&016 days Thomas playford II.jpg
18 John Cockburn 27 June 1889 19 August 1890 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&053.&&&&&053 days John Cockburn (Australian politician).jpg
- Thomas Playford II
(2nd time)
19 August 1890 21 June 1892 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0307.&&&&&0307 days
Total - 3 years, 323 days
19 Frederick Holder 21 June 1892 15 October 1892 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0116.&&&&&0116 days Frederick Holder1.jpg
- John Downer
(2nd time)
conservatism[1] 15 October 1892 16 June 1893 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0244.&&&&&0244 days
Total - 2 year, 239 days
20 Charles Kingston liberalism 16 June 1893 1 December 1899 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0168.&&&&&0168 days Charles Kingston.jpg
21 Vaiben Solomon conservatism 1 December 1899 8 December 1899 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 days Vaiben Solomon1.jpg
- Frederick Holder
(2nd time)
liberalism 8 December 1899 15 May 1901 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0158.&&&&&0158 days
Total - 1 year, 274 days
22 John Jenkins liberalism 15 May 1901 1 March 1905 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0290.&&&&&0290 days JohnJenkins.jpg
23 Richard Butler conservatism 1 March 1905 26 July 1905 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0147.&&&&&0147 days Sir Richard Butler (Australia).jpg
24 Thomas Price Australian Labor Party (Labor) 26 July 1905 5 June 1909 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0314.&&&&&0314 days Thomas Price (Australian politician).jpg
25 Archibald Peake Liberal and Democratic Union 5 June 1909 3 June 1910 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0363.&&&&&0363 days Archibald Peake.jpg
26 John Verran Labor 3 June 1910 17 February 1912 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0259.&&&&&0259 days JohnVerran.jpg
- Archibald Peake
(2nd time)
Liberal Union 17 February 1912 3 April 1915 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&045.&&&&&045 days
Total - 4 years, 43 days
27 Crawford Vaughan Labor 3 April 1915 14 July 1917 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0102.&&&&&0102 days CrawfordVaughan.jpg
- Archibald Peake
(3rd time)
Liberal Union 14 July 1917 8 April 1920 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0269.&&&&&0269 days
Total - 6 years, 312 days
28 Henry Barwell Liberal Union/
Liberal Federation
8 April 1920 16 April 1924 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.&&&&&08 days Henry Barwell.jpg
29 John Gunn Labor 16 April 1924 28 August 1926 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0134.&&&&&0134 days JohnGunn.jpg
30 Lionel Hill Labor 28 August 1926 8 April 1927 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0223.&&&&&0223 days Lionel Hill1.JPG
31 Richard Layton Butler Liberal Federation 8 April 1927 17 April 1930 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 days Richard Layton Butler.jpg
- Lionel Hill
(2nd time)
Labor 17 April 1930 13 February 1933 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0302.&&&&&0302 days
Total - 3 years, 160 days
32 Robert Richards Labor 13 February 1933 18 April 1933 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&064.&&&&&064 days Robert Richards (Australia).gif
- Richard Layton Butler
(2nd time)
Liberal and Country League (LCL) 18 April 1933 5 November 1938 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0201.&&&&&0201 days
Total - 8 years, 210 days
33 Thomas Playford IV LCL 5 November 1938 10 March 1965 &&&&&&&&&&&&&026.&&&&&026 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0125.&&&&&0125 days Playford portrait 38.jpg
34 Frank Walsh Labor 10 March 1965 1 June 1967 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&083.&&&&&083 days
35 Don Dunstan Labor 1 June 1967 17 April 1968 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0321.&&&&&0321 days YoungDunstan.JPG
36 Steele Hall LCL 17 April 1968 2 June 1970 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 days
- Don Dunstan
(2nd time)
Labor 2 June 1970 15 February 1979 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.&&&&&08 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0258.&&&&&0258 days
Total - 9 years, 214 days
37 Des Corcoran Labor 15 February 1979 18 September 1979 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0215.&&&&&0215 days
38 David Tonkin Liberal Party of Australia (Liberal) 18 September 1979 10 November 1982 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&053.&&&&&053 days
39 John Bannon Labor 10 November 1982 4 September 1992 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0299.&&&&&0299 days John Bannon.jpg
40 Lynn Arnold Labor 4 September 1992 14 December 1993 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0101.&&&&&0101 days
41 Dean Brown Liberal 14 December 1993 28 November 1996 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0350.&&&&&0350 days
42 John Olsen Liberal 28 November 1996 22 October 2001 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0328.&&&&&0328 days
43 Rob Kerin Liberal 22 October 2001 5 March 2002 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0134.&&&&&0134 days
44 Mike Rann Labor 5 March 2002 21 October 2011 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0230.&&&&&0230 days Mike Rann (smiling).jpg
45 Jay Weatherill Labor 21 October 2011 Incumbent &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0330.&&&&&0330 days[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1893 SA election - Playford replaced Cockburn as premier of a ministerialist minority government on 19 August 1890, and Holder replaced Playford as premier of a ministerialist minority government on 21 June 1892. The Downer Conservative minority government replaced the Holder ministerialist minority government on 15 October 1892. The Kingston Liberal minority government formed following the 1893 election, but non not take office until 16 June 1893 after the Assembly met for the first time.
  2. As at 16 September 2014