Rābia al-Adawiyya al-Qaysiyya (Arabic: رابعة العدوية القيسية) or simply Rābia al-Basrī (Arabic: رابعة البصري) (717–801 AD) was a female Muslim saint and Sufi mystic. Rabi’a was born in Basra, causing her to be known as Rabi’a Basri. She is also known as Al-'Adawiyah or Al-Qaisiya because of her tribe, Qais b. ‘Adi. She was the fourth rabi’a daughter, born into immense poverty. Despite all of this, she was still very devoted to God. As she was an orphan, she was sold into slavery for a small amount of money. During the day, she worked for her master, and during the night, she continued faithfully worshipping God. Once her master learned about her passionate faith, he immediately released her. Over the time, she attained many followers, who were spiritual leaders. Even though Rabi’a Basri did many favors for them and lived in poverty and hardship, she never asked for anything, even from God. The name Rabi’a is used to pertain to women in the highest type of spirituality. She is considered one of the most devoted Sufi saints, and is very well revered.
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- The names al-Adawiyya and al-Qaysiyya come from the name of her tribe, Qais b. ‘Adi.Hassan, Riffat. "Rabi'a." Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion. Ed. Serinity Young. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1999. World History In Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.