Saddleback toad

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Saddleback toads
Spix’s Saddleback Toad, Brachycephalus ephippium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Neobatrachia
Family: Brachycephalidae
Günther, 1858
Genus: Brachycephalus
Fitzinger, 1826
Species

11, see text

The saddleback toads are the family Brachycephalidae in the order Anura. The family has just one genus, Brachycephalus. It has 11 species. These tiny, often yellow frogs live in Atlantic Forest in southeastern Brazil.

The saddleback toads are very small frogs. They are mostly about 1 centimetre (0.39 in) in length. They include the smallest frog in the southern hemisphere, Izecksohn's Toad (Brachycephalus didactylus).[1] They have only three toes on each foot, and two fingers on each hand. This is different than the usual five toes and four fingers of most frogs.

The saddleback toads are active during the day. They live in the leaf litter on forest floors. The eggs hatch into miniature frogs. There is no tadpole stage.[1] The eggs are laid on the ground. They are covered in soil to protect from the heat and predators.

Classification[change | edit source]

Family BRACHYCEPHALIDAE

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zweifel, Richard G. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G.. ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.
  2. Napoli, M.F., Caramaschi, U., Cruz, C.A.G., & Dias, I.R. "A new species of flea-toad, genus Brachycephalus Fitzinger (Amphibia: Anura: Brachycephalidae), from the Atlantic rainforest of southern Bahia, Brazil." Zootaxa 2739 (2011): 33-40.