Brazil

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Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil  (Portuguese)
Flag
Motto: "Ordem e Progresso"
(Portuguese)
"Order and Progress"
Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro
(Portuguese)
"Brazilian National Anthem"
National seal
Selo Nacional do Brasil National Seal of Brazil (color).svg
Capital Brasília
15°45′S 47°57′W / 15.75°S 47.95°W / -15.75; -47.95
Largest city São Paulo
Official languages Portuguese[1]
Ethnic groups (2010[2]) 47.73% White
43.13% Brown (Multiracial)
7.61% Black
1.09% Asian
0.43% Amerindian
Demonym Brazilian
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Dilma Rousseff (PT)
 -  Vice President Michel Temer (PMDB)
 -  President of the Chamber of Deputies Marco Maia (PT)
 -  President of the Senate José Sarney (PMDB)
 -  Chief Justice Cezar Peluso
Legislature National Congress
 -  Upper house Federal Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Portugal
 -  Declared 7 September 1822 
 -  Recognized 29 August 1825 
 -  Republic 15 November 1889 
 -  Current constitution 5 October 1988 
Area
 -  Total 8,514,877 km2 (5th)
3,287,597 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.65
Population
 -  2013 census 201,032,714 [3] (5th)
 -  Density 23.6/km2 (182nd)
57/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $2.172 trillion[4]
 -  Per capita $11,239[4]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $2.090 trillion[4]
 -  Per capita $10,816[4]
Gini (2010) 53.6[5]
high
HDI (2011) 0.718[6]
high · 84th
Currency Real (R$) ([[ISO 4217|BRL]])
Time zone BRT[7] (UTC-2 to -4[7])
 -  Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2 to -4)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +55
Internet TLD .br

Brazil (officially called Federative Republic of Brazil; how to say: IPA: [bɾɐˈziw]) is a country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country. The country has about 201 million people. The capital of Brazil is Brasília.

Languages[change | edit source]

Most people in Brazil speak Portuguese. Brazil is the only country in Latin America that speaks Portuguese.

Some people in Brazil speak German dialects. That came from German immigrants. 0.8% of Brazilians speak German as their first language.

Other people in Brazil speak indigenous Brazilian languages, Italian, Japanese, French, or Spanish. Guaraní and Aymará are the first languages of a small number of Brazilians.

Geography[change | edit source]

Brazil has the world's largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest. It makes up 40% of the country's land area. Brazil also has other types of land, including a type of savanna called cerrado, and a dry plant region named caatinga.

The most important cities are Brasília (the capital), Belém, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo (the biggest city) and Vitória. Other cities are at List of largest cities in Brazil.

Brazil is divided into 26 states plus the Federal District in five regions (north, south, northeast, southeast and centre-west):

  • North: Acre, Amazonas, Rondônia, Roraima, Pará, Amapá, Tocantins
  • Northeast: Maranhão, Pernambuco, Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia
  • Centre-West: Goiás, Mato grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Distrito Federal/ Federal District
  • Southeast: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  • South: Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul

The country is the fifth largest in the world by area. It is known for its many rainforests and jungles. It is next to every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador.

People/culture[change | edit source]

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the largest economy in Latin America. Its people include people of Portuguese or other European descent, African descent, and native Amerindians, as well as many people of mixed origins. Brazil also has the biggest number of Japanese descendents outside Japan.

People from Brazil are called Brazilians[8] (brasileiros in Brazilian Portuguese language).

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]