Guyana

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Co-operative Republic of Guyana[1]
Motto: "One People, One Nation, One Destiny"
Anthem: "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"
Capital
and largest city
Georgetown
6°46′N 58°10′W / 6.767°N 58.167°W / 6.767; -58.167
Official languages English
Recognised regional languages Portuguese, Hindi, Spanish, Akawaio, Macushi, Wai Wai, Arawak, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishiana, Arekuna
National language Guyanese Creole
Ethnic groups East Indian 43.5%
Black (African) 30.2%
Mixed 16.7%
Amerindian 9.1%
Other 0.5%[2][3]
Demonym Guyanese
Government Unitary Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Bharrat Jagdeo
 -  Prime Minister Sam Hinds
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 26 May 1966 
 -  Republic 23 February 1970 
Area
 -  Total 214,970 km2 (84th)
83,000 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 8.4
Population
 -  July 2010 estimate 752,940[2]1 (161st)
 -  2002 census 751,223[3]
 -  Density 3.502/km2 (225th)
9.071/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.379 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $6,964[4]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $2.215 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $2,868[4]
HDI (2010) Increase 0.611[5]
medium · 107th
Currency Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Time zone GYT Guyana Time (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Calling code 592
Internet TLD .gy
1. Around one-third of the people (230,000) live in the capital, Georgetown.

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a country in South America. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (seven hundred thousand people live there inside its over 200,000 km² of area). Georgetown is the capital; like most of the country's settlements, it is on a flat coastal plain that goes from northwest to southeast. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba.

Guyana's current president is Bharrat Jagdeo. The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on May 26, 1966 (before which it was called British Guiana).

Guyana is a republic with commonwealth.

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