Saint Kitts and Nevis

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Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Motto: "Country Above Self"
Anthem: "O Land of Beauty!"
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Capital
and largest city
Basseterre
17°18′N 62°44′W / 17.3°N 62.733°W / 17.3; -62.733
Official languages English
Demonym Kittitian (or, Alternatively, Kittian); Nevisian; Kitti-Nevi (for citizens born on one island, but have parents who were born on the other one)
Government Parliamentary democracy and Federal constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor-General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian
 -  Prime Minister Dr. Denzil Douglas
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 19 September 1983 
Area
 -  Total 261 km2 (207th)
104 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2005 estimate 51,300 (209th)
 -  Density 164/km2 (64th)
424/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $723 million[1]
 -  Per capita $13,124[1]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $557 million[1]
 -  Per capita $10,315[1]
HDI (2007) Decrease 0.838
very high · 62nd
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1-869
Internet TLD .kn
1. Or "Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis".
2. hdr.undp.org

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (pronounced /seɪnt ˌkɪts ænd ˈniːvɪs/, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis),[2] is a federal nation made up of two small islands in the Caribbean Sea. It is the smallest independent country in the Western Hemisphere.

The capital city is Basseterre. It is on the main island of St Kitts. The island of Nevis has some rights of self-government and two seats in the federal parliament.

St Kitts and Nevis is about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago.

The headquarters of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is in St Kitts. That bank controls the East Caribbean dollar.

History and Politics[change | change source]

The two islands were part of the Leeward Islands Colony from 1871 to 1956, and of the West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962.

The Islands, plus Anguilla, got limited self-government in 1967. Anguilla objected and the Metropolitan Police were sent there in 1968 to stop rioting. Until 19 December 1980 the official name of St Kitts and Nevis was Saint Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla.[3]

St Kitts and Nevis became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1983, Anguilla has stayed a British overseas territory.

In 1970 a movement to make Nevis separate from St Kitts started.

In 1983 the constitution set up a 15 member National Assembly. The Assembly is unicameral, that is, it only has one chamber. 3 members of the Assembly are appointed by the Governor General, on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition. The other members are elected. If the Speaker decides to stand for re-election he is automatically elected, without a contest.

Nevis[change | change source]

Nevis is responsible for its own internal affairs.

There is an eight member Nevis Island Assembly, plus and Island administration, of at least two members, headed by the premier.

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis
View of Nevis from St. Kitts
View of Nevis from St. Kitts

The country has two main islands, Saint Kitts and Nevis. The highest peak, at 1,156 metres, is Mount Liamuiga. There is also a smaller island named Booby Island. No one lives on Booby Island.

The islands are of volcanic origin. There are large central peaks covered in tropical rainforest. People do not live on the steeper slopes leading to these peaks. Most of the people on both islands live closer to the sea. There are many rivers coming from the mountains of both islands. These give fresh water to the people. St. Kitts also has one small lake.

Parishes[change | change source]

The federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is divided into fourteen parishes. There are nine divisions on Saint Kitts and five on Nevis.

Name Number of
people
Capital Other villages and towns
Saint Thomas Lowland, Nevis 2,035 Cotton Ground
  • Westbury
  • Barnes Ghaut
  • Jessup
  • Stuart's
Saint John Figtree, Nevis 2,922 Figtree
  • Bath
  • Church Ground
  • Brown Hill
  • Brown's Pasture
  • Pembroke
  • Bush Hill
  • St. Peter's Hill
  • Cole Hill
Saint George Gingerland, Nevis 2,568 Market Shop
  • Chicken Stone
  • Taylors Pasture
  • Zetlands
  • Hull Ground
  • Rawlins
  • Crook's Ground
  • Rices
  • Buck's Hill
  • Sheriffs
  • Holmes Hill
  • Fenton Hill
  • Stony Hill
  • Webb's Ground
  • Harris
  • Zion
  • New River
Saint Paul Charlestown, Nevis 1,820 Charlestown
  • Craddocks
Saint James Windward, Nevis 1,836 Newcastle
  • Rawlins
  • Fountain
  • Scarborough
  • Camps
  • Rick's
  • Brick Kiln
  • White Hall
  • Butler's
  • Burnaby
  • Mt. Lily
  • Spring Hall
  • Eden Browne
Saint George Basseterre, Saint Kitts 13,220 Basseterre
  • Bird Rock
  • Frigate Bay
Trinity Palmetto Point, Saint Kitts 1,692 Palmetto Point
  • Mattingley
  • Camps
  • West Farm
  • Boyds
  • Conphipps
  • Challengers
  • Stone Fort
Saint Thomas Middle Island,

Saint Kitts

2,332 Middle Island
  • Franklands
  • Old Road Town
  • Verchilds
  • Lamberts
  • Conyers
  • Godwin's Ghaut
  • Half Way Tree
  • New Guinea
Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint Kitts 3,140 Sandy Point Town
  • Fig Tree
  • La Vallée
  • Sir Gillee's
Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Kitts 2,460 Saint Paul Capesterre
  • Cranston
  • Newton Ground
  • Belmont Estate
Saint John Capesterre, Saint Kitts 3,181 Dieppe Bay Town

and Saddlers[4]

Christ Church Nichola Town,

Saint Kitts

2,059 Nichola Town
  • Mansion
  • Borryeux
  • Molyneux
  • Phillips'
Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Kitts 3,374 Cayon
  • Lodge
  • Ottley's
  • Little Italy
  • Spooner's
  • Keys
Saint Peter Basseterre. Saint Kitts 3,472 Monkey Hill
  • New Road
  • Saint Peter's
  • Stapleton
  • Parry's
  • Ogee's
  • Morgan Heights
  • La Fontaine
  • Conaree

Cities and Towns[change | change source]

These are some of the more important cities and towns in Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Name Number of
people
Feature
Basseterre 15,500 Capital of Saint George Basseterre and of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Cayon 3,000 Capital of Saint Mary Cayon
Charlestown 1,820 Capital of Saint Paul Charlestown and of Nevis
Dieppe Bay Town 450 Capital of Saint John Capesterre and first town ever founded in the Caribbean by France
Gingerland 2,500 Capital of Saint George Gingerland and largest town on Nevis
Newcastle 400 Location of Nevis' airport
Old Road Town 1,600 First town ever founded in the Caribbean by Britain
Sandy Point Town 3,000 Capital of Saint Anne Sandy Point and second largest town in Saint Kitts and Nevis

Sports[change | change source]

Cricket is common in Saint Kitts and Nevis. Top players go to the West Indies cricket team. The late Runako Morton was from Nevis. Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country on Earth to ever host a World Cup event. It was one of the host venues of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

The St. Kitts and Nevis national football team, also known as the "Sugar Boyz", has had some international success. They went to the semifinal round of qualification for the 2006 FIFA World Cup in the CONCACAF region. Led by Glence Glasgow they defeated U.S. Virgin Islands and Barbados. They then lost to Mexico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.

The St. Kitts and Nevis Billiard Federation, SKNBF, is the governing body for cue sports across the two islands.

Kim Collins is the country's best known track and field athlete. He has won gold medals in the 100 metres at both the World Championships in Athletics and Commonwealth Games. At the 2000 Sydney Olympics he was the country's first athlete to reach an Olympic final. He and three other athletes represented St. Kitts and Nevis at the 2008 Summer Olympics. The four by one hundred metre relay team won a bronze medal in the 2011 world championships.

American writer and former figure skater and triathlete Kathryn Bertine was given dual citizenship. She tried to qualify for the 2008 Summer Olympics representing St. Kitts and Nevis in women's cycling. She did not make enough points to go the Olympics.[5]

St. Kitts and Nevis had two athletes ride in the time trial at the 2010 UCI Road World Championships. Athletes included Reginald Douglas and James Weekes.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Saint Kitts and Nevis". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=361&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=86&pr.y=13. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  2. Both the names Saint Christopher and Saint Kitts are given in the Constitution of Saint Christopher and Nevis.
  3. The Saint Christopher and Nevis Constitution Order 1983, S.I.1983:881 Section 2
  4. The northern part of Saint John Capesterre was once ruled by France with its capital in Dieppe bay Town. The southern part was British with its capital in Saddlers. When Britain took control of the entire island in 1713, the parish got 2 capitals, although Dieppe Bay Town is often given superiority
  5. ESPN – So You Wanna Be An Olympian? at sports.espn.go.com
  6. UCI Road World Championship Time Trial Results