Honduras

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Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
Motto: 
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras
National Anthem of Honduras
Capital
and largest city
Tegucigalpa
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.1°N 87.217°W / 14.1; -87.217
Official languages Spanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups ([1])
Demonym
  • Honduran
  • Catracho
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Juan Orlando Hernández
 -  President of National Congress Mauricio Oliva
Legislature National Congress
Independence
 -  Declaredb from Spain 15 September 1821 
 -  Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823 
 -  Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America 5 November 1838 
Area
 -  Total 112,492 km2 (102nd)
43,278 sq mi 
Population
 -  2010 estimate 8,249,574 (94th)
 -  2007 census 7,529,403
 -  Density 64/km2 (128th)
166/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $40.983 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $4,959[2]
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $19.567 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $2,368[2]
Gini (1992–2007) 55.3[3]
high
HDI (2013) Steady 0.617[4]
medium · 129th
Currency Lempira (HNL)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +504
Internet TLD .hn
a. Mixture of European and American Indian.
b. As part of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.

Honduras is a country in Central America. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Most people of Honduras speak the Spanish language. 7,483,763 people live in Honduras and it is 112,492 square kilometres (43,433 sq mi) in size. It is next to El Salvador. To one side is the Caribbean Sea and to the other in the Pacific Ocean.

The ethnic makeup of Honduras is 80% mestizo, 17% amerindian, 2% black, and 1% white.

Departments[change | change source]

Departmental division of Honduras

Honduras is divided into 18 departments. The capital city is Tegucigalpa in the Central District.

  1. Atlántida
  2. Choluteca
  3. Colón
  4. Comayagua
  5. Copán
  6. Cortés
  7. El Paraíso
  8. Francisco Morazán
  9. Gracias a Dios
  10. Intibucá
  11. Islas de la Bahía
  12. La Paz
  13. Lempira
  14. Ocotepeque
  15. Olancho
  16. Santa Bárbara
  17. Valle
  18. Yoro

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Honduras. CIA – The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 28 July 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Honduras". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2014/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2012&ey=2019&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=55&pr1.y=10&c=268&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  3. 1992–2007: "Human Development Report 2009 – M Economy and inequality – Gini index". Human Development Report Office, United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 17 October 2009. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/161.html. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  4. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.