Siraj ud-Daulah

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Siraj ud-Daulah
Reign 1756–1757
Full name Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah
Titles Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha (Nawab of Bengal)
Born 1733
Died July 2, 1757
Buried Khushbagh, Murshidabad
Predecessor Ali Vardi Khan
Successor Mir Jafar
Wives Umdat-un-nisa (Bahu Begum Sahiba) (m. before 22 March 1745; d. 10 November 1793)
Lutf-un-nisa (Raj Kanwar) (d. November 1790)
Children Qudsia Begum Sahiba (born at Mansurganj Palace near Murshidabad before July 23, 1754; m. Mir Asad Ali Khan Bahadur) (d/o Lutf-un-nisa)
Royal House Afshar
Father Zain ud-Din Ahmed Khan (Mirza Muhammad Hashim)
Mother Amina Begum
Religious beliefs Islam

Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah, more commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah (1733 – July 2, 1757), was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company's rule over Bengal and later almost all of South Asia.

Early years[change | change source]

Mirza Muhammad Siraj-ud-Daulah was the grandson of Nawab Alivardi Khan and son of Amina Begum and Zainuddin Ahmed Khan. He was born in 1733 and soon after his birth Alivardi Khan appointed as the deputy governor of Bihar. So Siraj-ud-Daula was regarded as a "fortune child" in the family and his grandfather had special affection and favour for him. It is stated that Alivardi had given his heart to Siraj ud Daula from the day of his birth and "never kept him apart from himself".

Reign as Nawab[change | change source]

Siraj ud-Daulah received the title of Mansur-ul-Mulk, Seraj-ud-Daulla, Ghaseti Begum"(Victory of the Country, Light of the State, Horror in War). He was to succeed as the Nawab of Bengal in April 1756 AD at the age of twenty seven. Siraj ud-Daulah's nomination to the nawabship caused jealousy and enmity of Mehar-un-nisa Begum or Ghaseti Begum(eldest sister of Siraj's Mother Amina Begum), Raja Rajballabh, Mir Jafar Ali Khan and Shaukat Jang(Siraj's Cousin). Ghaseti Begum possessed huge wealth, which was the source of her influence and strength. On Perceiving serious opposition from her, Siraj ud-Daulah seized her wealth from Moti Jheel Palace and placed her in confinement. The nawab also made certain changes in high government positions giving them to his own favorites.