Surveying is the technique and science of accurately finding out the position of points and the distances and angles between them. These points are usually, but not always, associated with positions on the surface of the Earth. They are often used to make land maps and boundaries for ownership of land. A person who does the surveying is called a surveyor. In order to find the information they need, surveyors use geometry, engineering, trigonometry, mathematics, physics, and law.
Surveying has been very important in the development of the human environment since the beginning of recorded history (ca. 5000 years ago) and it is a requirement planning of nearly every form of construction. Its most common uses are in the fields of transport, building and construction, communications, mapping, and the making of legal boundaries for land ownership.
Origins[change | edit source]
Surveying has existed throughout much of our history. In ancient Egypt, when the Nile River overflowed its banks and washed out farm boundaries, the boundaries were recreated by surveyors using simple geometry. The construction of many of the pyramids, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, built c. 2700 BC, show us that the Egyptians' have always used surveying very efficiently.
Surveyor[change | edit source]
A surveyor is a person who has the skills to accurately find out the position of points and the distances and angles between them. These points are usually, positions on the surface of the Earth. Finding these points is called "surveying". Surveyors are needed to make land maps and boundaries for ownership of land. In order to find the information they need, surveyors use geometry, engineering, trigonometry, mathematics, physics, and law.
There are different types of surveyor. A construction or building surveyor is the person who has to make sure that buildings are being put up in the correct place and fit in with planning and building laws. A quantity surveyor is the person who keeps track of costs on a building project. A hydrographic surveyor measures points to do with water, such as rivers, lakes and oceans. A marine surveyor is a person who inspects ships. A mine surveyor is the person who finds out the position of underground mines, for example gold mines or coal mines.
Other pages[change | edit source]
Notes[change | edit source]
- terrestrial or three-dimensional space
- "About Building Surveyors". aibs.businesscatalyst.com. 2011 [last update]. http://aibs.businesscatalyst.com/fabs/about_building_surveyors. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "AIMS - The Australian Institute of Mine Surveyors". minesurveyors.com.au. 2011 [last update]. http://www.minesurveyors.com.au/default.php. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- The Irish Institution of Surveyors
- American Congress on Surveying & Mapping
- Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors
- National Geodetic Survey
- National Society of Professional Surveyors
- National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying
- UK Ordnance Survey
- U.S. Geological Survey
- International Federation of Surveyors
- The Institution of Surveyors, Australia
- The Institution of Surveyors, NSW, Australia
- Spatial Sciences Institute (Australia)
- Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (UK & GB)
- The Survey Association (UK)
- Alberta Land Surveyors Association for a Canadian perspective
- 3H – a resource site for 3D survey in maritime archaeology
- Independent Building Surveyors
- National Cartographic Center of Iran (NCC) Tehran,
- National Cartographic Center of Iran (NCC) Tehran, Iran
- Careers in Surveying
- Old versus new — how a new surveying technology can create instant CAD models – A web article
- As-builts – Problems & Proposed Solutions – Discussion on Building Surveys within Construction industry by Stephen R. Pettee, CCM
- Degree of Curvature 
Educational Institutions[change | edit source]
- Departement des sciences géomatiques, Universite Laval, Qc, CA
- Centre of Geographic Sciences, Nova Scotia Canada Formerly the Nova Scotia Land Survey Institute and College of Geographic Sciences
- Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering Faculty, University of New Brunswick Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada
- Department of Geomatic Engineering, University College London
- Department of Geomatic Engineering, University of Technology Malaysia
- Ecole Nationale des Sciences Geographiques, FR
- Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi, Geographic Information Science Conrad Blucher Institute for Surveying and Science
- Dublin Institute of Technology Geomatics Division
- California State University Fresno Geomatics Engineering college
- University of Alaska Anchorage, School of Engineering, Department of Geomatics
- University of Otago, New Zealand - School of Surveying
- University of KwaZulu Natal Programme of Land Surveying
- Faculty of Geoinformatics, The University of West Hungary Székesfehérvár, Hungary
- Department of Geodesy, The Gdansk University of Technology Gdańsk, Poland
- Department of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology
- Himalayan College of Geomatic Engineering and Land Resources Management, Purbanchal University, Nepal
- Oregon Institute of Technology, Department of Geomatics, Klamath Falls, Oregon USA