- Further information: Plate tectonics
Tectonics (from Latin, meaning "building") is a field within geology. It includes structures in the lithosphere of the Earth and the forces and movements that have operated to create these structures.
Tectonics is concerned with orogenies (mountain building) and major land features. This includes the earthquake and volcanic regions which affect certain parts of the world. This is discussed further in Plate tectonics.
- Stanley, Steven M. 1999. Earth system history. Freeman. p211–228 ISBN 0-7167-2882-6