Temperate zone

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The temperate parts of the world are green in this picture.

In geography, temperate latitudes of the Earth lie between the subtropics and the polar circles. Average yearly temperatures in these regions are not extreme, not burning hot nor freezing cold. Temperate means moderate.

Unlike in the tropics, temperatures can vary greatly here, between summer and winter. Thus, most places with a temperate climate have four seasons: summer, autumn, winter and spring. However, some areas with a temperate climate can have very unpredictable weather. One day it may be sunny, the next may be rainy, and after that it may be cloudy. This is usual in summer as well as in winter. This is the case in places that have an oceanic climate, including London, Dublin, Melbourne and Auckland. Most places do not have a rainy season and a dry season. However, some parts of the temperate zone have a Mediterranean climate, which have a dry summer - for example Madrid, San Francisco and Adelaide. Some parts of the temperate zone, especially in the northern part of the continental climate, have severe winters - for example Moscow, Minsk and Helsinki - this is called a hemiboreal climate. Some places in the temperate zone have hot summers and cold winters, for example Chicago and Almaty.