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Thomas Paine (29 January 1737 – 8 June 1809) was an English pamphleteer, revolutionary, radical, inventor, and intellectual. He lived and worked in Britain until he was 37, when he emigrated to the British American colonies during American Revolution. His main contribution was the powerful, widely-read pamphlet Common Sense (1776). It promoted the idea of colonial America's independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. He also wrote the The American Crisis (1776–1783), a pro-revolutionary pamphlet series. Thomas Paine, after the American Revolution, wrote the Age of Reason. This pamphlet promoted using of reason when it came to religious claims and was critical of organized religion. Paine along with other American founders such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison were supporters of reason when it comes to religion in lieu of revelation. Paine was part of the greater Age of Enlightenment movement that dated back to about the early 17th century.
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