Trimeresurus jerdonii

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Trimeresurus jerdonii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Trimeresurus
Species: T. jerdonii
Binomial name
Trimeresurus jerdonii
Günther, 1875
Synonyms
  • Trimeresurus jerdonii - Günther, 1875
  • Lachesis jerdonii - Boulenger, 1896
  • Lachesis melli - Vogt, 1922
  • Trimeresurus jerdonii melli - Mell, 1931
  • T[rimeresurus]. j[erdonii]. jerdoni - Bourret, 1936
  • Trimeresurus jerdoni - M.A. Smith, 1943
  • Trimeresurus jerdoni bourreti - Klemmer, 1963
  • P[rotobothrops]. jerdoni - Hoge & Romano-Hoge, 1983
  • Protobothrops jerdonii jerdonii - Welch, 1988
  • Protobothrops jerdonii bourreti - Welch, 1988
  • Protobothrops jerdonii meridionalis - Welch, 1988
  • Protobothrops jerdonii xanthomelas - Welch, 1988[1]

Trimeresurus jerdonii is a venomous pitviper species found in India (Assam), Burma, Tibet, China and Vietnam. Three subspecies are currently recognized, including this one.[2]

Where they are found[change | edit source]

Found from Assam in India, through northern Burma to Tibet, China (Hupeh, Szechwan and Yunnan) and Vietnam. The type locality given is "Khasi Hills, India.[1]

What they look like[change | edit source]

Males grow to a maximum total length of 835 mm with a tail length of 140 mm; females 990 mm with a tail length of females 160 mm.[3]

Subspecies[change | edit source]

Subspecies[2] Taxon author[2] Common name[4] Jerdon's pit viper.[5] Geographic range[4]
T. j. bourreti Klemmer, 1963 Bourret's pitviper Northwestern Vietnam (in the provinces of Lao Cai and Lai Chau, and possibly also in adjascent China (Yunnan).
T. j. jerdonii Günther, 1875 Jerdon's pitviper Southwestern China (in the provinces of southern Xizang (Tibet), western Sichuan and Yunnan), northeastern India, Burma (Chin and Kachin state), and northeastern Nepal.
T. j. xanthomelas Günther, 1889 Red spotted pitviper Central and southern China, in the provinces of Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei and Guangxi.

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Trimeresurus jerdonii (TSN 634917). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed on 25 May 2007.
  3. Leviton AE, Wogan GOU, Koo MS, Zug GR, Lucas RS, Vindum JV. 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar, Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407-462.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S. 2004. Asian Pitvipers. GeitjeBooks Berlin. 1st Edition. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.
  5. Brown JH. 1973. Toxicology and Pharmacology of Venoms from Poisonous Snakes. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas. 184 pp. LCCCN 73-229. ISBN 0-398-02808-7.