Tungusic languages

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Tungusic
Geographic
distribution:
Siberia, Manchuria
Linguistic classification: possibly Altaic (controversial)
  • Tungusic
Subdivisions:
Northern
Southern
Ethnologue code: 17-844
ISO 639-5: tuw
Linguistic map of the Tungusic languages.png
Geographic distribution

The Tungusic languages (also known as Manchu-Tungus, Tungus) are spoken in Eastern Siberia and Manchuria. Many linguists consider them to be part of the Altaic languages but many others do not think that is correct. Many Tungusic languages are in danger, and the long-term future of the family is uncertain.

Classification[change | edit source]

Linguists working on Tungusic have proposed a number of different classifications based on different criteria, including morphological, lexical, and phonological characteristics.

Northern Tungusic

Following languages can be considered dialects or related languages of Evenki

Southern Tungusic

  • Southwest Tungusic (or the Jurchen-Manchu group)

Jurchen-Manchu (Jurchen and Manchu are simply different stages of the same language).

References[change | edit source]

  • Ethnologue entry for Tungus languages
  • Kane, Daniel. The Sino-Jurchen Vocabulary of the Bureau of Interpreters. Indiana University Uralic and Altaic Series, Volume 153. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, 1989.

Other websites[change | edit source]