Velvet Revolution

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Flowers and candles on Wenceslas Square in November 1989

Velvet Revolution (Czech: Sametová revoluce, Slovak: Nežná revolúcia) is name for political changes in Czechoslovakia between November 17th and December 29th 1989. It ended as fall of one-party government of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and start of democratization process. The name Velvet was chosen for its peace character.

Background[change | edit source]

After Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 started again censorship and the Communist Party expels a lot of their members. This situation during the 1970s is known as Normalization. Despite this situation was the economic situation in Czechoslovakia better than in other countries of Eastern Bloc (for example in Poland or Hungary).

History[change | edit source]

Velvet revolution started at official event of 50th anniversary of closing Czechoslovakian universities on November 17th 1939 by nazists in Prague. This event continued after its official end and was violently definitely ended by state police on the street "Národní třída". In next days people themselves organized meetings for protest against the action of state police. At one of the biggest protest action on November 25 was about 750 to 800 thousand peoples.

On November 19 was in The Drama Club in Prague created Civic Forum[1], the political movement, which leaded dialogue with communist government. This same day was created in Bratislava the movement Public Against Violence.

On November 27 was general strike. Its main phrase was "Konec vlády jedné strany" - End of one-part government. This day was on Wenceslas Square protest-action with 300 000 peoples.

Václav Havel was named as president of Czechoslovakia on December 29th 1989. He was the first non-communist president of Czechoslovakia since 1948.

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]