The Victorian era of the United Kingdom was a time of Queen Victoria's rule from 1837 to 1901. This time was very prosperous for the British people. Trade was at its best. A very well educated middle class ruled the British World. The population of England had almost doubled from 16.8 million in 1851 to 30.5 million in 1901, due to the large immigration during the later part of the 20th century.
One important change in the Victorian era was the making of the sewage system in London. In 1829 photography was invented. Gas lighting was important too. These lights could be found on the streets, in homes and in public buildings. In 1882 the famous electric bulb was created, which would change people's lives forever.
When theaters opened up in London, orchestras and symphonies played and opera were widely attended. Gambling at cards and the creation of casinos were popular during the period. In the middle of the 19th century saw The Great Exhibition of 1851, the first World's Fair, and showed the greatest creations of the century.
- Swisher, Clarice, ed. Victorian England. San Diego, CA : Greenhaven Press, 2000.