Île d'Oléron

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Île d'Oléron
Île d'Oleron.png
Aerial photograph of Oléron
Geography
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Coordinates45°54′N 1°18′W / 45.900°N 1.300°W / 45.900; -1.300Coordinates: 45°54′N 1°18′W / 45.900°N 1.300°W / 45.900; -1.300
ArchipelagoArchipel charentais
Area175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Length34 km (21 mi)
Width15 km (9.3 mi)
Highest elevation34 m (112 ft)
Highest pointGrande dune de Saint-Trojan
Administration
France
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentCharente-Maritime
ArrondissementRochefort
Largest settlementSaint-Pierre-d'Oléron (pop. 6,694)
Demographics
DemonymOléronais(e)
Population22,032[1] (2014)
Pop. density126.6/km2 (328/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsFrench people

Île d'Oléron (pronounced [il doleʁɔ̃]) is an island and canton in the Atlantic coast of France (to the west of Rochefort). It is the second largest island of Metropolitan France, after Corsica. The capital, and largest town, is Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron; it is in the centre of the island.

Since 1966, there is a bridge that connects the island with mainland.

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Oléron

The Île d'Oléron is on the southern side of the Pertuis d'Antioche strait.[N 1]

The island is 34 kilometres (21.1 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) wide; it has an area of 175 square kilometres (67.6 sq mi). It is a very flat island and its highest point, the Grande dune de Saint-Trojan dune in the southern part of the island, is only 34 metres (111.5 ft) high.[2]

The southern point of the island is Pointe de Gatseau, the northern one is Pointe de Chassiron and the eastern one is Pointe des Saumonards. Near this last point is the Fort Boyard, a fortification in the Pertuis d'Antioche that is used for the French TV show of the same name.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[3]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is 777.2 mm (30.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 88.9 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 20.0 °C (68.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 7.3 °C (45.1 °F).

Administration[change | change source]

Administratively, the island belongs to the Charente-Maritime department, arrondissement of Rochefort, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

The island was divided in two cantons: Canton du Château-d'Oléron and Canton de Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron, with 4 communes each. In 27 February 2014, the number of cantons was reduced and the two cantons of the island were combined to form only one: the Canton de l'Île d'Oléron, divided in 8 communes.[4]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Île d'Oléron are known, in French, as Oléronais (women: Oléronaises).[1]

Île d'Oléron has a population, in 2014, of 22,032,[1] for a population density of 125.9 inhabitants/km2.

The eight communes of the island and their populations (2013) are:

INSEE
code
Commune Population
(2014)[1]
17486 La Brée-les-Bains 701
17093 Le Château-d'Oléron 4,063
17140 Dolus-d'Oléron 3,253
17485 Le Grand-Village-Plage 1,040
17323 Saint-Denis-d'Oléron 1,357
17337 Saint-Georges-d'Oléron 3,583
17385 Saint-Pierre d'Oléron 6,694
17411 Saint-Trojan-les-Bains 1,341

Gallery[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The Pertuis d'Antioche (Passage of Antioch) is a strait on the Atlantic coast of Western France, between two islands, Île de Ré and Île d'Oléron, on the one side, and on the other side the continental coast off the city of La Rochelle.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  2. "Document n°1 : Diagnostic local de l'Habitat" (PDF). Programme Local de l’Habitat (2010-2015) (in French). Communauté de Communes de l’Ile d’Oléron. p. 8. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  3. "Saint-Denis-d'Oléron, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  4. "Décret n° 2014-269 du 27 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Charente-Maritime" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]