|Place of origin||United States|
|In service||1906–1970s (US Armed Forces) 1906-Present|
|Used by||USA and others|
|Wars||World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, to present|
|Manufacturer||Springfield Armory, others|
|Parent case||.30-03 Springfield|
|Case type||Rimless, bottleneck|
|Bullet diameter||.308 in (7.8 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.340 in (8.6 mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.441 in (11.2 mm)|
|Base diameter||.471 in (12.0 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.473 in (12.0 mm)|
|Rim thickness||.049 in (1.2 mm)|
|Case length||2.484 in (63.1 mm)|
|Overall length||3.34 in (85 mm)|
|Case capacity||68 gr H2O (4.4 cm3)|
|Rifling twist||1-10" (254 mm)|
|Primer type||Large rifle|
|Maximum pressure (C.I.P.)||58,740 psi (405.0 MPa)|
|Maximum pressure (SAAMI)||60,190 psi (415.0 MPa)|
|Maximum CUP||50,000 CUP|
|Test barrel length: 24 inch (61 cm)|
Source(s): Federal Cartridge / Accurate Powder
The .30-06 is known for having high stopping power (meaning it does a lot of damage to a human or animal body), high penetration power (it can pierce through thick layers), and a long effective range (it is accurate for a long distance).
In the US military, it was the main bullet used for rifles and light machine guns for the first half of the 20th century. Guns that shot the .30-06 include the M1903 Springfield, the M1 Garand, the M1917, the M1919 Browning machine gun, and the BAR.
However, when the US created NATO, it replaced all the .30-06 military weapons with those that used the 7.62 x 51mm NATO bullet. This is because NATO requires the militaries of all its member countries to use the same kinds of ammunition.
References[change | change source]
- Chart of SAAMI pressure levels for common cartridges, in PSI or CUP
- "Federal Cartridge Co. ballistics page". Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Accurate Powder reload data table" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.