1896 Sanriku earthquake

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1896 Sanriku earthquake
Sanriku Great Tsunami.JPG
1896 Sanriku earthquake is located in Japan
1896 Sanriku earthquake
Local dateJune 15, 1896 (1896-06-15)
Local time19:32:30 JST (UTC+9)
Magnitude8.5 Mw
7.2 Ms[1]
DepthShallow
Epicenter39°30′N 144°00′E / 39.5°N 144.0°E / 39.5; 144.0Coordinates: 39°30′N 144°00′E / 39.5°N 144.0°E / 39.5; 144.0
TypeMegathrust
Areas affectedEmpire of Japan, United States
Total damageTsunami
TsunamiUp to 38.2 m (125 ft)
in Ryori, Kesen, Iwate, Tōhoku
Casualties22,066 people dead or missing[2]

The 1896 Sanriku earthquake (Japanese: 明治三陸地震) is a megathrust earthquake that occurred in Japan on June 15, 1896. The epicenter was 39°30′N 144°00′E / 39.5°N 144.0°E / 39.5; 144.0, Moment magnitude scale was 8.5. There was almost no damage from the earthquake itself, but the huge tsunami caused by this earthquake struck the coasts of Iwate Prefecture and other areas, causing enormous damage.[3] The tsunami killed about 22,000 people.[4] The tsunami was also observed in Hawaii and elsewhere.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nishimura, T.; Miura S.; Tachibana K.; Hashimoto K.; Sato T.; Hori S.; Murakami E.; Kono T.; Nid K.; Mishina M.; Hirasawa T. & Miyazaki S. (2000). "Distribution of seismic coupling on the subducting plate boundary in northeastern Japan inferred from GPS observations". Tectonophysics. 323 (3–4): 217–238. Bibcode:2000Tectp.323..217N. doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00108-6.
  2. Nakao, Masayuki. "The Great Meiji Sanriku Tsunami June 15, 1896, at the Sanriku coast of the Tohoku region". Archived from the original on 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  3. 小項目事典,デジタル大辞泉プラス, ブリタニカ国際大百科事典. "明治三陸地震津波とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-06-22.
  4. "報告書(1896 明治三陸地震津波) : 防災情報のページ - 内閣府". www.bousai.go.jp. Retrieved 2021-06-22.
  5. "明治三陸地震(1896年6月15日) | 災害カレンダー". Yahoo!天気・災害 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-06-22.