Iwate Prefecture

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Iwate
岩手県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiIwate-ken
Official seal of Iwate
Location of Iwate in Japan
Location of Iwate in Japan
Country Japan
RegionTohoku
IslandHonshu
CapitalMorioka
Government
 • GovernorTakuya Tasso
Area
 • Total15,278.40 km2 (5,899.02 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
 (1 Oct 2010)
 • Total1,330,530
 • Rank30th
 • Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-03
Prefectural flowerPaulownia tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
Prefectural treeNanbu red pine (Pinus densiflora)
Prefectural birdGreen pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
Number of districts10
Number of municipalities33
Websitewww.pref.iwate.jp
Emblem of Iwate Prefecture.svg

Iwate Prefecture (岩手県, Iwate-ken) is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan. It is on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Morioka.[2]

History[change | change source]

The area of Iwate was part of Mutsu Province.[3]

In 1869, Mutsu was split into five new provinces: Rikuōku,[4] Rikuchū,[4] Rikuzen,[4] Iwashiro[1] and Iwaki.[5] The first three of these together known as the "Three Riku", or Sanriku.[6]

The new provinces were abolished in July 1871.[7]

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Mutsu Province were changed in the 1870s.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Iwate is the second largest prefecture after Hokkaido.[1]

The prefecture is in the Tōhoku region of Honshū island. It has the island's easternmost point.[8] The eastern coastline faces the Pacific Ocean. Iwate shares its northern border with Aomori Prefecture. The western border meets Akita Prefecture. Its southern border is shared with Miyagi Prefecture.

Cities[change | change source]

National Parks[change | change source]

National parks cover about 5% of the total land area of the prefecture.[9] They include:

Shrines and temples[change | change source]

Tsutsukowake jinja is the main Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the prefecture.[12]

The Buddhist temples of Hiraizumi include Chūson-ji and Mōtsū-ji. Hiraizumi was added to the World Heritage List in June 2011.[13]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 410. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 661. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 780. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 790. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  5. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 408. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  6. Nippon-Kichi, "Saw-tooth Sanriku Coastline". Retrieved 2012-1-12.
  7. Japan-i, Sanriku Coastline/Kamaishi Daikannon Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-1-12.
  8. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 970. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  9. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Retrieved 2012-3-13.
  10. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "Towada-Hachimantai National Park" Archived 2006-05-16 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-3-19.
  11. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "Rikuchu Kaigan National Park" Archived 2006-05-16 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-3-19.
  12. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-1-17.
  13. "World Heritage Hiraizumi". Retrieved 2013-07-10.

Other websites[change | change source]