Iwate Prefecture

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Iwate Prefecture
Japanese: 岩手県
Map of Japan with Iwate highlighted
Capital Morioka
Region Tohoku
Island Honshu
Governor Takuya Tasso
Area (rank) 15,278.40 km² (2nd)
 - % water 0.1%
Population  (1 Oct 2010)
 - Population 1,330,530 (30th)
 - Density 90 /km²
Districts 10
Municipalities 33
ISO 3166-2 JP-03
Website www.pref.iwate.jp
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Paulownia tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
 - Tree Nanbu red pine (Pinus densiflora)
 - Bird Green pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
 - Fish
Symbol of Iwate Prefecture
Symbol of Iwate Prefecture

Iwate Prefecture (岩手県, Iwate-ken) is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan. It is on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Morioka.[2]

History[change | change source]

The area of Iwate was part of Mutsu Province.[3]

In 1869, Mutsu was split into five new provinces: Rikuōku,[4] Rikuchū,[5] Rikuzen,[6] Iwashiro[7] and Iwaki.[8] The first three of these together known as the "Three Riku", or Sanriku.[9]

The new provinces were abolished in July 1871.[10]

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Mutsu Province were changed in the 1870s.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Iwate is the second largest prefecture after Hokkaido.[1]

The prefecture is in the Tōhoku region of Honshū island. It has the island's easternmost point.[11] The eastern coastline faces the Pacific Ocean. Iwate shares its northern border with Aomori Prefecture. The western border meets Akita Prefecture. Its southern border is shared with Miyagi Prefecture.

Cities[change | change source]

National Parks[change | change source]

National parks cover about 5% of the total land area of the prefecture.[12] They include:

Shrines and temples[change | change source]

Tsutsukowake jinja is the main Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the prefecture.[15]

The Buddhist temples of Hiraizumi include Chūson-ji and Mōtsū-ji. Hiraizumi was added to the World Heritage List in June 2011.[16]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Iwate-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 410.
  2. Nussbaum, "Morioka" at p. 661.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Rikuōku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 790.
  5. Nussbaum, "Rikuchū" at p. 790.
  6. Nussbaum, "Rikuzen" at p. 790.
  7. Nussbaum, "Iwashiro" at p. 410.
  8. Nussbaum, "Iwaki" at p. 408.
  9. Nippon-Kichi, "Saw-tooth Sanriku Coastline"; retrieved 2012-1-12.
  10. Japan-i, Sanriku Coastline/Kamaishi Daikannon; retrieved 2012-1-12.
  11. Nussbaum, "Tōhoku" at p. 970.
  12. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  13. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "Towada-Hachimantai National Park"; retrieved 2012-3-19.
  14. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "Rikuchu Kaigan National Park"; retrieved 2012-3-19.
  15. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2; retrieved 2012-1-17.
  16. "World Heritage Hiraizumi". Retrieved 2013-07-10.

Other websites[change | change source]